Waste Pickers And Collectors In Delhi: Poverty And Environment In An Urban Informal Sector ”

1115 words - 5 pages

In this paper, Waste pickers and collectors in Delhi, who constitute the bottom layer of waste recycling as well as an informal sector in the city, are primarily focused on. This paper explores two aspects of “waste pickers and collectors” with the authors’ field survey. One is socio-economic characteristic of pickers and collectors. As described later, socio-economic characteristics such as Origin, Level of living and the Way of operation are strikingly different between pickers and collectors. The paper investigates not only those characteristics themselves but also a background where the distinctions stemmed from. Later, the study attempts to measure their contribution on the society, which might characterize this paper from the previous studies.

As stated before, the targets of this study are grouped in two. One is “waste pickers” and the other is “waste collectors”. Both groups share similar characteristics in a way they operate their business as they sell collected waste to higher level traders (i.e., Dealers or Wholesellers) and yield their profit. However, they are different in a critical point. Pickers need no capital for picking up their waste, whereas collectors buy their waste in cash from households or other waste producers so that collectors essentially need some capital for their business operation.

The authors conducted three-round field surveys by means of a questionnaire covering pickers and collectors, waste producers and upper-level traders (including dealers, wholesalers and recycling plants), and supplemental survey, respectively. The number of observations is, as the authors admit, statistically small as summarized in Table 1. For example, number of respondents from both pickers and collectors is 35.

The results of the surveys, which are summarized in Table 2 through 4, clarify socio-economics similarities and distinctions between the two groups. Both group shares some similarities in the proportion of religions, age and sex, or their low level of education.

On the other hand, the difference in their origins is worth to emphasize. Even though members in both groups are mostly migrants from rural area, we can find the difference in a distance from Delhi to where they came from. The majority of pickers migrated from faraway states (e.g. Bihar and West Bengal, eastern states) whereas that of collectors is from the neighboring states (e.g. Uttar Pradesh, UP). It is also clear that the way they convey their wastes differs as pickers mostly use their own back only with some supplemental use of rickshaw cart but collectors mostly use rickshaw cart only.

Gaps in both income and poverty level between two groups can be seen from Table 5 and 6. Average income per capita per day of pickers is about half of collectors’, and about 90 percent of pickers are below the poverty line set by Planning Commission, while only about 20 percent of collectors stays below the line.

The problem of pickers is not only that they currently suffer...

Find Another Essay On Waste Pickers and Collectors in Delhi: Poverty and Environment in an Urban Informal Sector ”

Social Policies and Poverty: A Review of Issues in Rural and Urban Poverty

1084 words - 5 pages a high crime rate, poor schooling, poor housing options, and poor health (Ross, 2013). These are all issues that can occur in rural and urban communities, though each face their own difficulties. This paper will review rural poverty with a focus on housing and food insecurity, and urban poverty with a focus on health and education. Historical Perspective of Poverty Poverty has always been prevalent in the US, and social policies have

Urban Pollution and Waste Management Essay

1856 words - 7 pages Urban Pollution and Waste Management Urban pollution and waste management is a major problem in both the first and third worlds. The increases of major air pollutants in the atmosphere are causing damage to our waters and land. The increase of garbage and waste in urban areas, such as cities, are beginning to look like huge landfills, acid rain is causing forests and buildings to deteriorate, and finally ozone, which is caused from

Racism, Sexism and Unprecedented Anarchy in New Delhi

945 words - 4 pages law Minister of Delhi, created an international stir on Wednesday when in a highly embarrassing show of vigilantism, he led a “raid” against a home inhabited by mostly Ugandan and Nigerian citizens who he accused of sex and narcotic trafficking. He attempted to force police to themselves raid the home, however they refused to do so without a warrant to that effect. The Law Minister, who just last month swore an oath to uphold the constitution

Title: international expansion into Japan Its an analysis of the environment of a country (Japan) and a leading Australian organisation in the retail sector (Harvey Norman)

2778 words - 11 pages Harvey Norman Pty Ltd, an existing player in the retail industry, the analysis of this outline demonstrates several aspects such as competition, foreign direct investment, the business environment in Japan linking it to economical, cultural, technological and legal issues.It is assumed that H.N. or this retail industry may be beneficial in Japan, giving Harvey Norman a distinctive competitive advantage globally, giving them the same opportunity

Race, Urban Poverty, and Public Policy

2561 words - 10 pages The problems of race and urban poverty remain pressing challenges which the United States has yet to address. Changes in the global economy, technology, and race relations during the last 30 years have necessitated new and innovative analyses and policy responses. A common thread which weaves throughout many of the studies reviewed here is the dynamics of migration. In When Work Disappears, immigrants provide comparative data with which

Explain the Importance of groups. Elaborate on the significance and the influence of the informal groups in an Organization?

959 words - 4 pages Informal GroupsInformal groups are defined as a relationship that is created spontaneously or informally without assistance from the organization. It may just happen or an initiative taken by an individual. The informal organization is shaped through the daily communication between the individuals, that it is natural to exist when they are activated in the same space and is requirement for each and every person's social need.Significance of the

Informal vs. Formal Communication in a School Environment

3467 words - 14 pages The aim of this assignment is to establish whether informal communication is just as important as formal communication in a school environment. My hypothesis at the start of the assignment is that both will be essential in order for a school to run efficiently and for a healthy culture to exist in an educational establishment. However, I first need to outline the nature of the school used for this study. The school is a popular non

An Environmental Anthropology of Waste in Cairo Contexts, Dimensions and Trends

1786 words - 8 pages . Z. (2011). Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste: The Social Science of Garbage. SAGE publications. Didero, M. (2012). Cairo's Informal Waste collectors: A Muli-Scale and Conflict Sensitive Perspective on Sustainable Livelihoods. ERDKUNDE vol 66 no1 , 27-44. El-Hakim, S., & Haynes, K. (1979). Appropriate Technology and Public Policy: The Urban Waste Management System in Cairo. Geographical Review, Vol. 69, No. 1 , 101-108. Fahmi, W. S., & Sutton

Poverty and injustice in society

1925 words - 8 pages Poverty in Society becomes the injustice in and around the communities in the United States.Many poverty stricken individuals turns to violence when not see help from others (author,2008). When driving, a homeless man asked for money on the corner of the street. The feelingof fear overcome an individual as he or she double check the locks on his or her car doors.Unwillingly, the individual rolls down the car window and offer support. The

Poverty and Crime in America

3686 words - 15 pages Crime in this country is an everyday thing. Some people believe that crime is unnecessary. That people do it out of ignorance and that it really can be prevented. Honestly, since we live in a country where there is poverty, people living in the streets, or with people barely getting by, there will always be crime. Whether the crime is robbing food, money, or even hurting the people you love, your family. You will soon read about how

Poverty and Voting in America

3322 words - 13 pages Review of the Literature: For my topic of research, the dynamics of poverty and voting in America, I used a vast number of sources in an attempt to produce the most accurate and broad discussion possible. The sources I believe to be the most reliable were: 1) the scholarly works (Friedman; Raskin), which were purely scientific and did not include political biases, but rather examined the facts from as neutral a point of view as possible

Similar Essays

Informal Economy And Poverty Alleviation Essay

1666 words - 7 pages development goals, first of which is eradication of extreme poverty and hunger. Poverty alleviation programs mostly rely on the increasing involvement of ‘bottom quintile’ private sector in economic activity through various development programs. In this light the effect of informality on productivity and growth is much debated(Castro et al., 2014). On the one hand, informal economy is one of the main factors undermining the effectiveness of reforms in

Problems And Solutions In The Fight Against Urban Poverty

4430 words - 18 pages Problems and solutions in the fight against urban poverty Introduction – the advent of capitalism and the resultant economic inequality There can be no talk of modern poverty without talking first of capitalism, and as such, the capitalist model of production and the exploitation of labor is where I will begin my paper. Capitalism evolved from the feudal system, which was incorporated into western European societies hundreds of years ago

This Essay Studies The Informal Waste Management System In India In The Context Of Spontaneous Order And A Libertarian Tradition

3129 words - 13 pages THE CAPITAL?!On an average, Delhi generates 4000 tonnes of municipal solid waste per day, which consists of about 32% compost-able matter. Of this 32%: ImageThe unorganised sector of 'kabariwalas' or junk traders form an important spoke in the wheel of solid waste management. Waste-pickers (alias rag pickers, scavengers and the like...) traditionally come from highly vulnerable social backgrounds who have little options other than to live by

Urban Poverty In China Essay

2019 words - 9 pages -1990’s, urban poverty has grown at a very fast pace under the influence of globalization (Fulong, Webster, and Yuting 5). The economic restructuring of China is a huge contributor to this phenomenon. The Chinese government officially recognized urban poverty as a problem in 2001 through a report prepared by the State Council (Fulong, Webster, and Yuting 15). The report was also an acknowledgement that the nation faced a new challenge on the