Observing Child Psychology. Essay

1625 words - 7 pages

Psychological development can be determined in several different ways, by observing children and how they react in different situations. Children behave differently in different environments because their temperament and personality development affects how they react. Different relationships between children and adults are better known as an attachment, which can also affect children as well. Peers and television play an important role in psychological development too. All of these behaviors together are valuable in understanding psychological development.While observing children in everyday life, it was noticed that many of them had a variety of temperaments. The one that stood out the most were the easy children. With this being said, the children had a calm and collective attitude. They had a lot of energy and loved to interact with the other kids. They adapted well with each other, although with difficult children, it was noticed that the moods changed quite often, and there was no consistent behavior. They did not adapt well and seem to be relatively angry most of the time. They were very active and it was never known what was coming next. Overall, they did not seem very happy and did not enjoy the environment and their surroundings.Temperament is something every child goes through. Physicians, Alexander Thomas and Stella Chess (1980) examined a cohort of children and identified three types of temperament (Davis & Palladino, pg.375). The first is easy children (40%) which behaved in consistent ways. This had a positive approach to new situations, and was highly adaptable to change. Their moods were mild to moderate and mostly positive. The easy child has a moderate activity level, is regular, adaptable, approach-oriented, and has a positive mood. The second is slow-to-warm-up children. Fifteen percent of the children displayed a combination of intense, negative responses to new stimuli with slow adaptability even after repeated contact. Slow-to-warm-up children have a moderate activity level, are slow to adapt, have initial withdrawal, and have a moderate intensity. The third is difficult children. Only 10% of the children did not behave in consistent ways. They were non-adaptable, and usually characterized by an intense negative mood. Difficult children have a high activity level, are unpredictable, have an initial withdrawal, poor adaptability, are intense, and also negative. These are the different types of temperament and range from a good child to a bad child, and their effects they each have to make them that way.Psychological development can also be determined by personality, which "refers to an individual's distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behaviors, motives, thoughts, and emotions" (Tavris & Wade, 1995-2003). After observing several different children at play, it was noticed that some kids were sweet natured and easy going, while others were stubborn and overly aggressive. Some children express their emotions...

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