The History Of The Chemical Makeup Of Water

1160 words - 5 pages

Introduction
During the Earth’s known existence, many raise questions to a substance that is a vital necessity to our life here. Some even may claim that the start of our lives may have occurred and begun in a single drop of this universal solvent. This mysterious compound, which may have led to our development and the survival of our existence what, is it? This is H2O, or as we call it, Water. This vital life form covers over 70 percent of the Earth, and makes up about 70 percent of our body as well. We know all of this though, so what is the history behind the thing that keeps me functioning? I will need to look at: who discovered water, how it received its identity, the discovery of its chemical make-up, and its vitality to us. There is so much left uncovered about this major part of our lives. Many know of water but people don’t know what it is.
Summary:
We as humans knew of the existence of water before we ever began to study it, but a few scientists can be credited with the discovery of its composition. Antoine Laviosier discovered, through electrical experiments, that Hydrogen and Oxygen could be made from water. He made this discovery during the time of the 1770s. The credit of its composition can be given to James Watt in 1783 or Henry Cavendish in 1781. Henry “experimented with hydrogen and oxygen and mixed these elements together to create an explosion (oxyhydrogen effect).” James suggested the composition, while Henry recombined the element of Hydrogen and Oxygen but didn’t publish it until years later after Watt. In the year the years after there came an amazing discovery done by a man named Jöns Jakob Berzelius, and one known as Amadeo Avogadro. Avogadro and Berzelius fixed the atomic weights of these two elements and gave us, what we know today, H20.
So how did we go from H2O to water? Like many things we know, H2O was named based on the properties it had. “The Indo-European root of water is *wed-, "wet." The form *wod-, in a suffixed form *wod-ōr, became *watar in Germanic and eventually water in modern English.” In this case it was named by its physical property of being wet and eventually led to the development through the changing of words and the translations to what we know as water.
Water is a strange substance known for its unique properties. It’s the only compound that exists in all physical forms: solid, liquid, or gas. It is also the only one to occur in all of these states at the temperatures here on earth. Without one of these special characteristics it would alter its boiling point to 70 degrees Celsius below zero. This would, for us, make us nonexistent. There would be no liquid water to supply the need of our body.
That property is a special bond that we all have studied, hydrogen bonding. This bond can occur between Hydrogen and the one like so in this molecule, Oxygen. When these types of bonds occur there is a slightly positive charge, Hydrogen, and a slightly negative charge, Oxygen. The 2 minus charge...

Find Another Essay On The History of the Chemical Makeup of Water

Makeup and Fashion of the 1920's

1208 words - 5 pages theater, films, literature, and art and cosmetics gave beauty inspiration for today's makeup industry. Women were more confident and imbued with youthful vitality which they expressed with the fabulous style of the 1920's. The eye-catching fashion of the "The Great Gatsby" generation is the foundation of today's style. No other period in history was remembered the way the 1920's were thanks to the dazzling clothes, innovative cosmetics and freedom

The makeup of an educated adult

1454 words - 6 pages Sir Francis Bacon once said, "Knowledge is power." In today's society, this statement is truer than ever. With success in the professional and academic worlds measured by intellectual achievements, being an educated adult is vital to success in America. Employer's are not looking for a person simply proficient in one form of study, but seek someone who is well rounded with many different intelligences. In America, the educated adults are the

Determination of the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) of River Water Samples

2907 words - 12 pages IntroductionThe chemical oxygen demand (COD) is a measure of the amount of oxygen consumed by the organic material within a water sample that is oxidized by a strong chemical oxidant, such as potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7). Its main use is as an indicator of the organic and inorganic matter within water and effluent discharge giving a quantitative value of water quality. There are other tests that are also used to measure the organic content of

Nature or Nurture: Exploring the Makeup of Rampage Killers

771 words - 4 pages Identifying adolescents and young adults with serious emotional and mental issues and giving them access to the appropriate services is crucial to stopping rampage killers. Most troubled youth will never commit horrific crimes. However, all rampage killers showed some signs of needing intervention. More focus needs to be placed on the emotional and mental needs of our youth to prevent tragedies such as rampage killings. The article, “Focusing

The Biological and Chemical Effects of Organic and Chemical Fertilizers

1693 words - 7 pages available to the plant upon fertilization. In the laboratory where the fertilizer is made, nutrients have already undergone any chemical changes needed so that the plant can absorb it. Nutrients are measured exactly in inorganic fertilizers. Excess nutrients can cause health problems with the plants, and too small of an amount would be ineffective. Unfortunately, chemical fertilizers are also easily washed away by rain water, or, if too close to

This is an Essay about the history, hardships, and chemical properties of turner's syndrome

524 words - 2 pages Turner SyndromeTurner Syndrome is an interesting genetic disorder that solitarily affects women. While my time spent on researching this topic provided me with interest and knowledge, I also found myself enwrapped in the everyday struggles of a girl with Turner Syndrome. Turner Syndrome is a life crippling disorder that affects a girl's body along with her self esteem. Although more and more treatments for this disorder are being developed, each

The Properties of Water

1103 words - 4 pages joins with two atoms of hydrogen which causes the ends of water molecules to be contradictory charges. The composition and make up of water also helps it to have some very inimitable and erratic qualities (Chemical Elements and Water , 2007). The polarity of the water makes it cling to itself. This is also known as cohesion which permits water or H2O to tolerate ecstasy at the time it is being positioned under pressure. For example, oil is not

The chemistry of water

517 words - 2 pages A water molecule consists of one atom oxygen with two atoms of hydrogen connected to it forming a “V.” HOH is a polar molecule with means that charges unequally form around it. This distribution of charges creates a negative charge on the oxygen side and a negative charge on the side with the hydrogen atoms. This creates hydrogen bonding which gives water its unusual characteristics. Hydrogen bonds are weak temporary bonds that form

The Power of Water

1650 words - 7 pages . Water is essential for maintaining life on earth. It makes up more than half of the earth and on average 60% of the human body weight (Benelam and Wyness 3). Water performs important function in the body. It regulates human waste product including feces and urine. Water also helps clean, and maintain a healthy kidney. Since water is such an important substance in our life; how much water do we need? According to David Benton, a Psychobiology

The Need of Water

1964 words - 8 pages I would like for each of us to stop and think for a second, what is the world without water? Of course the first thing that comes to mind is death, disease and starvation. Aside from that, I would like to say that everyone has the power to make a difference in this world. So as I take you through this journey of water sharing, remember that it’s for the better of the people. One thing that strikes me is how much this world is turning towards

The Tales of Water

943 words - 4 pages Water, seen as both a fountain of “running water”(Dickens 196) and as a “sea of black and threatening waters”(Dickens 388) in A Tale of Two Cities, is a symbol of the revolution that Dickens views as an idea with the correct fundamental beginnings. However, when uncontrollable, it becomes a “destructive” and “remorseless” mob. This symbol of water can be defined as “the fundamental symbol of all the energy of the unconscious—an energy that can

Similar Essays

The History Of Makeup Essay

1680 words - 7 pages to cover their face and to help with acne. They also used it to identify who they’re tribe was because they weren’t all together, they were different and in different groups. Makeup wasn’t the easiest thing to find or create. The things makeup contained back then will leave you breathless. I wouldn’t have imagined that makeup used so many different things through history. Makeup has a lot of steps to it than just applying it on your face. Makeup

The History Of Makeup Essay

1655 words - 7 pages reached a point that it’s not dangers to put on now. In this paper making to talk about the different make up their development of each. Some of the makeup history that I’m going to talk about are lipstick, mascara, eye liner, Eye shadow, body painting and a little about nail polish. I’m also going to talk about who wear makeup. I am going to explain why they wear makeup and what it meant to wear makeup. Make was around starting in the year 10,000

The Foundation Of Makeup Essay

810 words - 4 pages and social images” (Cash Thomas F.) In the end a person does not need makeup, but makeup can control how the person feels about their physical appearance. Makeup is a key factor to a person’s self-expression. Throughout history the world has used makeup for various uses and reasons. Makeup expresses how society really feels. Lawrence Charles Parish explains, “The reasons for their use- the attraction of lovers, intimidation of the enemy, masking

Skin Deep: The Face Of Women's Makeup

1461 words - 6 pages most treasured beauty secrets. Cleopatra is noted for the elaborate regimens she kept to maintain her historic beauty, bathing in milk and lavender. But what makes makeup such an integral part of our history and why does it play such a big part in our lives today? The psychology behind face makeup may be more complex than what it appears on the surface. Having a lot to do with beauty, a bit to do with sex - in terms of selling and in terms of