Water Conservation Essay

2272 words - 9 pages

According to United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in 2020 we will be facing a major water crisis worldwide. Water is a renewable, but limited resource. It can be recycled but not replaced. Consumption of global water has increased drastically since 1990, and many countries are reaching their limit of water supply ("The Global Water Situation"). World Bank reports that at least 80 countries now have a water shortage. It’s expected to get worse due to two significant problems that will effect our global water stability, population growth and groundwater depletion. Over the last century our population has grown from 1.7 billion to 6.6 billion. It is expected to increase by 45% in the next 30 years. Groundwater is a water reserve and is a nonrenewable source. With this huge spike in population and economic development we have had to rely on groundwater to support this growth. Unfortunately it is being consumed at an unsustainable rate (qtd. in Water Resources Research Center). Conserving our water will not only protect what water we have left, but it will prevent other major problems from occurring. With water shortage comes an agriculture crisis, power outages, environmental crisis, and a worldwide spread of disease. Water conservation is important to secure a long lasting future. Society needs to realize our water on earth is not an everlasting resource, and we each need to take action to conserve what we have. By doing something we can ensure we will have plenty of water for years to come.
According to reports from United States Geological Survey (USGS) if you gather Earths water (oceans, icecaps, glaciers, lakes, rivers, groundwater, and water in the atmosphere) into a sphere it would be 860 miles in diameter. Most of this water is undrinkable. If you gather Earths fresh water (water in the ground, lakes, rivers, and swamps) it would be 170 miles in diameter. Most of this water is deep in the ground and unattainable by humans. Now if you gather Earths fresh water from the lakes and rivers it would be 35 miles in diameter. This water we need and use for everyday life ("United States Geological Survey Agency"). Breaking it down this way it shows just how much water we don’t have. By breaking it down further we can show just how much water we need, besides drinking water, for the products we use. We enjoy the luxuries of having coffee, beer, wine, apples, hamburgers, and even steaks made available to use every day. But do we really know how much water it takes to create these products. Orange County Water District did a study showing just how much water is needed to make certain product. For one cup of coffee it takes 37 gallons, one beer takes 20 gallons, one glass of wine takes 32 gallons, one apple takes 19 gallons, one hamburger takes 634 gallons, and one steak takes 1,189 gallons of water. This is just what we use to produce our food, but we also use water to produce the clothes we wear and the cars we...

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