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Water Shortage In India: Problems And Solutions

975 words - 4 pages

Water is an integral part of not only human beings but all other creatures in the world. We use it every day for different purposes such as domestic, agricultural and industrial. Water has always been a prestigious resource. However, the majority of people do not appraise water’s worth since they do not face water scarcity; whereas, in third world countries it is one of the most serious problems. Nearly 2.4 billion people have a lack of water resources in the world, shows the investigation done by the Pacific Institute, an Oakland, California-based non-profit scientific research group. Moreover, every year this number is growing gradually and more people are suffering (Bloomberg News, 2010). There are certain causes which deteriorate current situation. The most influential reasons are global warming, pollution by human-beings and overpopulation. It is known that India is one of the countries which face water scarcity so this essay will consider the possible ways of solutions of water shortage in India.
Global warming is one of the main causes, which leads to the lack of water and drought. A drought-like condition exists in most of India’s part. Government of India states that 68% of the country is disposed to the drought, which (consequences are) leads to massive migration of people to more favorable places, famine, conflicts among inhabitants. India is known in the world as one of the biggest producers of water-intensive crops such as rice, sugarcane and wheat. According to a survey done by Grail Research, approximately 82% of total water is used for agricultural consumption and 90% of it is employed for irrigation of rice, wheat and sugarcane (Grail Research, LLC, 2009). There are several solutions which could lead to the decrease in usage of water in an agricultural sector. In a manufacturing of rice production, an enormous amount of water is utilized. Thereby shifting from such crops to less water-intensive crops would be an effective solution. Furthermore it could contribute to changes in the economic system: facilitating (the?) development of different industries, supporting (the) growth of the livestock sector.
Another solution related to irrigation is to use recycled water for landscaping instead of using potable water. Phoenix is a good example, which can illustrate the effectiveness of this method. Despite the fact, that Phoenix is situated in a desert, by applying the policy mentioned above, they don’t face any water shortage. Whereas in New Delhi some years ago were decided to use water from reservoir and rivers for irrigation and nowadays there is a scarcity of water for domestic purposes (Rogers P, 2008). The IWMI study claims that “to meet world food requirements in 2050 without any technological improvements to irrigated agriculture methods, farmers will need a substantial rise in irrigation water supplies (an increase from the current 2,700 to 4,000 km3)().”
An equipment called “varsha, the rain gun”, which was created to...

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