Water Shortages In China: Problems And Solutions

1121 words - 4 pages

Many people know that water is essential for human-being and it is not only valuable for health and life, but water is also important for industry and agriculture. Furthermore, use of water has a spiritual, cultural and recreational dimension. However, water resources are not infinite. Wide and inefficient use of water resources can lead to irreversible consequences, such as water shortage. This essay will firstly discuss the problem of water shortage on examples of developed and developing countries and include the diversification of the same issue in the different parts of the world. It will also identify causes and effects of this environmental problem on society and other spheres of life. Moreover, in this essay I am going to propose and select possible solutions for tackling problems caused by water shortage in specific world region as the North and the North-West China.
To begin with, water shortage has become a global problem in recent years. According to Molden (2010), “one-third of the world’s population has to contend with water scarcity, and there are ominous signs that this proportion could quickly increase”. This means that the current rate of development has both positive and negative effect on society and, of course, the environment. However, the problem of water shortage is rather different in both developed and developing countries. While it reduces the economic growth and damages the life quality in developed countries, already low rate of development and faint state of life are under the greatest threat in poor countries. As a result, the problem of water shortage can cause catastrophic consequences for future generations of those countries. This problem also includes difficulties with organized water regulation and supply by local government. And in this case it has an impact on economics and infrastructure of a government which leads to the question of privatization. According to McHarg et al. eds. (2010), in the last three decades world governments used to shed the burden of capital investment, especially in sphere of water, through privatization in order to achieve more efficiency of water supplies. This approach was developed deeply in European countries such as England, which is already famous for it’s the most highly regulated water companies. This method also enables the company to concentrate on the service, management and funding of the service, whereas the local government provides water services in developing countries and cannot afford investments in large hydraulic infrastructure. Those are the “Third World” countries and the most of them are Asian. However, I want to make a significant accent on one of the industrious world’s empires – China.
According to history of China, water consumption, growing population and demand for higher living standards were increasing steadily since the 1950s, when industrial development of the country started. In theory that could lead to new economic era and growth of the...

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