Vietnam, Watergate, and the Downfall of President Nixon
The events that led to the resignation of President Nixon on August 8, 1974 saw many great advancements of mass media in society. The freedom of information act revolutionized the way Journalists obtain information. Secondly, journalism of the scandal cost the trust in the United States Government from the American people. Thirdly, Media coverage on the aftermath of the Watergate Scandal changed how Americans perceive the United States. Lastly, journalism of the watergate scandal divided the American people in political standings and beliefs.
According to the Merriam-Webster's Dictionary, "Media is the plural form of medium." A medium, for example can be a tv channel or an article in the news paper. Furthermore, There are various forms of media from the radio to a newspaper. The newspaper played a major role in rapidly disseminating the information from the first article published from The Washington Post about the five men who broken into the Watergate Complex to the Resignation of President Nixon.
Not only did the newspaper play a major role in publishing story after story about the Watergate scandal, but the methodology used to obtain information also changed. The Freedom of Information Act revolutionized where Journalists can obtain information to input into stories. For the first time, journalists used anonymous sources to protect their personal identity. Thus, more information was able to be obtained utilizing this method. For example, "Washington Post Reporters, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein utilized an anonymous informant by the code name of "Deep Throat" to provide vital information to several articles published in the Washington Post." (Lewis, 1972)
Journalism of the scandal cost the trust in the United States Government from the American people. In a communications research project conducted by John P. Robinson of The University of Michigan, Mr. Robinson concluded, "The Senate Watergate hearing' revelations resulted in several changes in public opinion that would be expected by common sense- Richard Nixon, the Republican Party, big business, and the very rich all suffered losses in public esteem." To add to Mr. Robinson's findings, the problem with the American Government in this era was the lack of attention to the issues that plagued a time of the Vietnam war and high national drug use.
Media coverage on the aftermath of the Watergate Scandal changed how Americans perceive the United States. The American people as whole believe the first thing they read in the news paper or hear on tv. Journalists can have a way of con-strewing information they obtain to manipulate the public into believing what the journalists want the public to believe. This is called Sensationalism. Sensationalism is defined as, "a type of editorial bias in mass media in which...