This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Waterloo Campaign Essay

3610 words - 15 pages

The Battle of Gettysburg
The American Civil War is referred to as, the Ancient Wars and the start of the Modern Wars. When the Civil War began, all types of weapons were in short supply. Many Soldiers were given some out of date and nearly obsolete weapons at the time of The Battle of Gettysburg. The Forces involved in the Civil War were clearly fighting for the rights of their people. The North “Union Army” wanted to abolish slavery and the South “Confederate Army” wanted to maintain their rights to own slaves and expand their territories. Many of the ancient battles of the Civil war provided some key advantages for the Northern forces. A couple of them were simply quantity and ...view middle of the document...

General Lee heard a rumor of there being a large amount of boots being in the town, so General Lee did not pass up on the opportunity for his army to be resupplied since they were frequently short of such things. Upon arrival, this was found to be nothing more than a myth spread General Heath. On July 1st, General Lee moved the Northern Virginia Army in closer to the General Meade’s Potomac Army. Major General John Buford, a Cavalry Officer who was a subordinate of General Meade moved to set a defensive position to the northwest of Gettysburg. Unfortunately, a larger Confederate force was there and overran them quickly. By the end of the day, General Meade’s men were forced south of town to Cemetery Hill were they established a defensive position. General Lee noticed the tactical importance of dislodging the Union troops that were positioned is this area. General Ewell of General Lee’s Army was ordered to attack Cemetery Hill if it was feasible. General Ewell decided against that attack, which was not a good idea. Due to General Ewell’s decision not to attack, it gave the Union Forces much more time to strengthen their defenses. That decision had major repercussions two days later.
By July 2nd, both armies had fully organized at Gettysburg. General Meade decided after the mauling from the previous day, that a defensive position at the south end of the town of Gettysburg would be the best course of action. There were three major defensive positions at Culp Hill, Cemetery Hill and Cemetery Ridge. In order for General Lee to defeat the Potomac Army, he would have to go on the offensive. At the end of the day, General Lee had inflicted a large number of casualties in the Union but neither of them had gained any ground as of yet.
Weather and Terrain
Located between Marsh Creek and Rock Creek in southern Adams County, the terrain consisted of small hills ranging between 5 and 10 percent slopes. This was ideal for the Northern Armies. It played a big part in the North’s strategy and eventual victory. A very famous hill named “Little Round Top” with a slope in excess of 30 percent on the steepest side was key to assuring the North’s victory due to the South not being able to gain control despite their efforts. The moderately dense wooded areas were comprised mostly of Oak, Hickory, Chestnut, Ash, and Poplar trees stands of conifers scattered throughout areas. The plains areas were mostly dedicated to farming Wheat, Rye, Indian corn, Oats, and Buckwheat. The creeks were mostly 1 to 3 feet deep with steep banks and moderate heights. Artillery movement was restricted mostly to roads at a rate of 2-4 mph.
The 70-degree temperatures during the battle made for tolerable conditions despite the storm clouds overhead. During the duration of the battle, one could not tell the difference between the thunder and the cannon fire. Towards the end of the battle, it began to rain.
Comparing the Forces
There are many comparison facts in regards to...

Find Another Essay On Waterloo Campaign

Napoleon's Greatest Conquests Essay

1076 words - 4 pages luck began to run out and his downfall was immanent. After losing the Russian Campaign in 1813, Napoleon returned to France, lacking in soldiers and the confidence of the people. Shortly after, he was defeated by Wellington at the battle of Waterloo. Despite the defeat, the duke of Wellington still had great respect for Napoleon saying 'By God, that man does war honor'. This impression of Napoleon as the man of war overshadowed his domestic

Napoleon Bonaparte Essay

2346 words - 9 pages victory as only 10,000 soldiers returned out of the 500,000 who set out at the start of the campaign. In defeat, Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba, courtesy of his once-loyal generals. Less than six months later, the emperor would return to rule France for another 100 days, ending once again in the disaster of insubordination, infighting and poor communication that was Waterloo (Thompson, 2001). Lessons Napoleon exercised proper process

Napoleon and why he was a success

2029 words - 8 pages , Napoleon ordered them to open fire. The Duke of Wellington ordered the line to counter-attack the shattered French army. Defeated, Napoleon rode toward the frontier. He planned to form another army and begin a new campaign, but Napoleon was caught by the British army at Waterloo. He tried to persuade them to let him go to America. Napoleon said he would abdicate only if his son were proclaimed Napoleon II Emperor of the French. This idea was

Historical Inquiry on Napoleon

1503 words - 6 pages he returned for the campaign named 'The Hundred Days'. He rebuilt his armies and was defeated one last time at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 and was exiled to St. Helena. He spent his last days of his life on St. Helena and died in 1821.C. Evaluation of SourcesAlbert Marrin. (1991) Napoleon and the Napoleonic Wars. New York: PenguinGroupOrigins: - lives in New York- undergraduate from New York City University and doctorate fromColumbia- Chairman

Failure of the Italian Revolutions

779 words - 3 pages hesitation of Charles Albert to front the campaign of unity and Bonaparte’s intervention. In 1815 Italy was not recognised as a country, Metternich, an Austrian statesman, said "The word 'Italy' is a geographical expression, a description which is useful shorthand, but has none of the political significance the efforts of the revolutionary ideologues try to put on it” which shows that Italy was not considered a country this was because it was

Hilters Strengths and Weaknesses as a Leader

841 words - 4 pages control of the armies himself, in much the same sense that Wellington commanded at Waterloo, albeit at a distance. Top Headquarters Hitler, Field Marshal General Wilhelm Keitel and General of the Artillery Alfred Jodl, discussing the war over maps in the Führer's headquarters, 1941 Adolf Hitler with Field Marshal General Wilhelm Keitel and General of the Artillery Alfred Jodl, in the Führer's headquarters, 1941 © Throughout World War Two Hitler

Napoleon Bonaparte: A Life

990 words - 4 pages Status, Property, and Acquisition of Property. It was based off the Justinian’s Code which was Roman’s Law. Many Countries have based their law on the Napoleonic Code and in many old French colonies they still use it to this day. He is still also known for his scientific discoveries during the Egyptian Campaign, even though he wasn’t militarily successful during it. Works Cited Synge,Martha Bertha. The struggle for sea power. From the American war to Cole,Juan. Napoleon's Egypt: Invading the Middle East. Macmillan,2007 Chandler,David G. The campaigns of Napoleon. Simon and Scuster 2009

Napoleon Bonaparte

1800 words - 7 pages beat the other, because both armies locked horns and neither would give to the other so they sat there and neither army could win any critical battles .This went until late in the war, when Napoleon lost because he let his army get surrounded at Waterloo and the Russians walked right over him (Paschall 13).The day was wet and Napoleon was on the bottom of an incredibly muddy hill, and he still tried to launch an attack that made him weak and that

Napoleon the People's General

2009 words - 8 pages '. In March 1815, he escaped from Elba, reached France, and marched on Paris, winning over the troops sent to capture him (Horizon 368). In Paris, he promulgated a new and more democratic constitution, and veterans of his old campaigns flocked to his support. Napoleon asked peace of the allies, but they outlawed him, and he decided to strike first. The result was a campaign into Belgium; on June 18, 1815 Napoleon with his new army once again


1121 words - 4 pages Directory and the Consul. After defeating the Austrians in the south, Napoleon started on the Italian Campaign, and by 1797 he had taken Mantua and had control of all of Lombardy . After taking Italy and signing the peace treaty with Austria, Napoleon returned home to his lover Josephine, although he did not love her anymore he kept her as his concubine.         In 1798, Napoleon decided to take Egypt, and embarked on his famous Eastern

Napoleon Bonaparte

1386 words - 6 pages battles in the Waterloo Campaign.      Before you can get into how he became a military genius you have breakdown how is life really was before his military career began. Napoleon was born in Ajaccio, Corsica, on August 15th 1769 to Carlo Buonaparte, a lawyer and political opportunist, and his wife, Marie-Letizia Buonaparte. The Buonaparte's were a wealthy family from the Corsican nobility, although when compared to the great aristocracies of

Similar Essays

Napoleon's Role At The Battle Of Waterloo

1320 words - 5 pages July 15; he was later exiled to the island of Saint Helena. So complete was Napoleon's downfall that Waterloo, the name given to his last battle, became a synonym for a crushing defeat. In his reminiscences about the Waterloo campaign, Napoleon severely criticized General Grouchy for his failure to intercept the Prussians after their retreat from Ligny. 'Another lapse was Ney's failure to attack Wellington on June 17 and thus prevent his

The Reason Napoleon Was Beaten At Waterloo

4362 words - 17 pages The Reason Napoleon was Beaten at Waterloo "Recouler pour mieux sauter." (French idiom. A rough translation would be. "Recoil, the better to strike.") The campaign of Austerlitz, leading up to the battle of the same name, can be viewed as Napoleon's greatest victory. However a glaring blunder is that the Austrian staff failed completely to calculate the difference between the calendar systems of the two countries. The

This Essay Is About Napoleon And Two Of His Great Battles

1022 words - 4 pages accepted the former emperor's surrender on July 15, he was later exiled to the island of Saint Helena. So complete was Napoleon's downfall that Waterloo, the name given to his last battle, became a synonym for a crushing defeat.In his memories about the Waterloo campaign, Napoleon severely criticized General Grouchy for his failure to intercept the Prussians after their retreat from Ligny. Another lapse was Ney's failure to attack Wellington on June

Similarities And Differences Of Hilter And Napolean

1300 words - 6 pages downwards was his decision to invade Russia in 1812 when Tsar Alexander withdrew from the Continental System. Besides the fact that he conquered Moscow, the Russians did not surrender. Instead, they burned the city before the French got there, so the shelter and supplies that Napoleon was counting on were destroyed. So, his army had to retreat back to Germany, while being chased and hunted by the Russians. The whole Russian campaign ended up as a