Watson’s Theory of Nursing
We live in a fast moving environment with longer tiring days. When we are ill we go to the doctor’s office or emergency room and expect fast and reliable service. Data is collected that is measuring satisfaction from the service and, of course that data helps to improve the service. Companies keep track of statistics, like income, housing, children, and cars. I also like numbers and statistics, and like the idea that everything can be measured and have a number associated with it. However, I am wondering if everything can be quantified. Can we reliably measure happiness, love, and care of one person for another? Attempts are made to quantify happiness in some countries, Bhutan and Great Britain, to name a few. Consider health care, we are counting admissions, discharges, hospital-days, and patient satisfaction scores, but this statistic does not reflect how a patient feels. How often was the patient scared, depressed and lonely in his statistical hospital room somewhere between his admission and discharge? Did anyone care about this person? Watson's theory of caring concentrates on human aspect of nursing and gives nurses opportunity to connect and to care for patients.
Background of Watson’s Theory of Caring
Watson admits that her original intent was not to create a theory; she was only trying to solve some conceptual and empirical problems with nursing education, practice, and research. Her 1979 book, Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring, was, in fact, an essay on nursing (Watson, 1999). Over 30 years, from 1979 to 2008, Watson develops and finalizes her Theory of Caring. She starts with her textbook for an integrated nursing curriculum at the University of Colorado. The theory starts with question of relationship between nursing and human caring. Trough time and in her several books Watson develops the product, her 2008 book Nursing: The Philosophy and Science of Caring. Although Watson recognizes the importance of empirical and physical substance, she emphasizes the psychological aspects of nursing practice. Watson concentrates on how nursing relates to various philosophical concepts: mind, consciousness, energy, soul, and also more basic grounds of being beauty, truth, love, openness, pain, joy, selfness, and selflessness. Watson besides the establishment of her famous 10 carative factors also raises and explores important questions:
1. What makes us care?
2. What is the causes our caring response?
3. How do we respond?
4. Why do not we respond?
5. When is it difficult to care?
6. How can we maintain and cherish our caring?
7. Will anyone care for us (Alligood, & Tomey, 2006)?
Concepts of Watson’s Theory.
Concepts and definitions in any theory may be positioned anywhere between absolute and tangible to the very unreal or conceptual. Watson’s concepts of life and personhood are connected to the aspect of the soul that is not confined by objective time or space. She believes and...