Ways in Which the Nazis Tried to Eliminate all Jews in Europe from 1941 and On
The Second World War began on the 1st September 1939: whilst Hitler
had been strengthening his control within Germany, he had also been
reinforcing Germany’s position within Europe. He had reclaimed parts
of Germany in 1935; in 1938, he had annexed Austria, and part of
Czechoslovakia ( which he totally invaded in 1939 ). World leaders,
desperate to avoid another war, had hoped that by allowing him to do
this, he would be satisfied.
The Nazis’ territorial gains of Poland gave them control over more
Jews, but this did not mean that they were all treated the same. In
East Poland, the Jews were publicly killed. Many were beaten and shot
dead. The more east the Nazis moved into Poland, the more violent
their attacks were on the Jews. Many Germans encouraged it- local
Germans had even volunteered to help the slaughter of the Jews.
Millions of Jews who had thought they were safe from the Nazis
suddenly found themselves under German rule, and this time, they were
unable to escape.
In the west, the Nazis treated the Jews somewhat differently. Instead
of killing them there and then, the Nazis imprisoned the Polish Jews
in ghettos, such as the Warsaw Ghetto. Their plan was to persuade
France to make the island of Madagascar available as a
police-supervised tropical island where all Jews could be dumped. A
German official from the German Foreign House thought of this idea in
June 1940, but by 1941, the idea had come to nothing, as Hitler had
come to a radical action which would change the Nazi policy towards
A German operation, known as Barbarossa , was carried out on June 22nd
1941. The aim of this operation was to invade the Soviet Union- Hitler
intended to colonise the captured territory in the east, and he’d
settle the Germans there, where there was more land.
When invading the Soviet Union, Nazis faced a huge conflict on the
western front; whereas on the eastern, Hitler ordered his men to
destroy everything in view. His soldiers were ordered to “ fight
without rules- do not restrict your power”.
When entering the Soviet Union, The Nazis came across hundreds of
thousands of Eastern Jews. It was now time to act.
Heindrich Himmler, the head of the SS, appointed Reinhard Heydrich as
the head-in-charge of the Einsatzgruppen. Heydrich advised his men,
that purges, executions and murders against the unwanted Jews, were to
be secretly encouraged by the Germans- and not stopped.
Heydrich was in charge of 4 groups of Einsatzgruppen - each group led
by a highly educated German. At first, the Einsatzgruppen inflicted
small-scale humiliations and massacres on the Jews in Central Europe.
When Germany invaded the USSR in 1941, the Einsatzgruppen started an
organized, sweeping massacre...