This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

"We Cannot Assume That Early Inadequate Experience Will Some How Be Cancelled By Later Experience. Lasting Consequences Of Early Inadequate Experiences May Be Subtle And Complex...But There Will Be Consequences" (Sroufe, 1979). Discuss.

1491 words - 6 pages

"We cannot assume that early inadequate experience will some how be cancelled by later experience. Lasting consequences of early inadequate experiences may be subtle and complex...But there will be consequences" (Sroufe, 1979). Discuss.Alan Sroufe (1979) stated that lasting consequences of early inadequate experiences may be subtle and complex but there will be consequences. Whilst there are numerous ways in which these consequences may manifest, one important effect is the development of adult love relationships. Hazan & Shaver (1987, cited in Bartholomew, 1990) defined love as an attachment process experienced somewhat differently by each individual person because of variations in their attachment histories. Enduring love relationships are probably the most important attachment relationship in adult life. The marital relationship is the primary source of social support in adulthood, (Coyne & Delongis, 1986, cited in Bartholomew, 1990). This essay will focus upon how early inadequate experiences will influence the affectionate bonds in adult love relationships, and will briefly outline and evaluate some of the empirical studies in this area.John Bowlby proposed one of the first theories regarding the effects of early experiences on later development. Bowlby theorized that an infant internalises a "working model" of the self that is influenced by interactions and expectations of the primary caregiver. The accessibility and responsiveness that the child experiences with the caregiver will determine the child's working model of the self. If the caregiver is responsive and tentative to the child's needs, this provides a secure base from which the child may follow his/her curiosity thus allowing him/her to explore the environment and develop competence in new activities. If however the child experiences anxiety about the caregivers' responsiveness and availability the child restricts his/her exploration and mastery of the world.Bowlby (1969 & 1973, cited in Walters, Weinfield & Hamilton, 2000) states that the child's early relationships experienced with the primary caregiver, eventually leads toWord Count: 1349 (excluding references).generalized expectations about the self, others and the world. These cognitive representations emerge early in development and continue to evolve in the light of attachment related experiences during adolescence. In most cases infants stay with their primary caregivers through to early adulthood. Therefore the positive/negative qualities will be continuous, reinforcing the working model of the self and others that may be seen as a foundation for building self-esteem, confidence and trust.Several studies have focused upon infant attachment to their caregivers, one of the most influential contributions of how early experiences can influence later attachments was devised by Ainsworth and Bell (1970, cited in Gleitman, Fridlund & Reisburg, 1999). They defined three main theories of attachment, which were...

Find Another Essay On "We cannot assume that early inadequate experience will some how be cancelled by later experience. Lasting consequences of early inadequate experiences may be subtle and complex...But there will be consequences" (Sroufe, 1979). Discuss.

One Day There Will Be Peace

1454 words - 6 pages the concept of peace. The world may never be at peace, and yet it might one day be. As a nation, and as a world, we all want peace, but there are many things standing in the way of peace. Trying to find peace can be divided into five different areas, reforming the security sector, transitioning for war to peace, political change in absent reform countries, security reforms is post-war societies, and changes in reform to make it more successful

The paper which I will be writing will discuss the

2220 words - 9 pages The paper which I will be writing will discuss the life, discoveries, and the modern impact of the scientific accomplishments of Galileo Galilei. Born in Pisa, Italy in 1564, Galileo entered Pisa University as a medical student in 1581 and became a professor of mathematics at Padua. An astronomer and mathematician, Galileo was, unfortunately for himself, a man ahead of his time. Galileo discovered the law of uniformly accelerated motion towards

What Are Salvation And Resurrection? How Do We Reach Salvation? Will We Be Resurrected?

2221 words - 9 pages some insight on the Synoptic Gospels, now let's move onto the Gospel of John.The Gospel of John differs from the Synoptic Gospels. Here it states salvation can only be obtained by faith and trust in Jesus as the Son of God. There is no mention of Good Works nor is baptism mentioned as a requirement for salvation. The verses that support salvation is attained only through faith are John 3:18, "He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who

A Day That Will Never Be Forgotten

1244 words - 5 pages . I’m guessing lonely. Ten minutes later, my mother calls us for dinner. As a girl, culture demands that I go into the kitchen to help my mum with serving the food, I should also be helping her with the cooking but I was only eight, I was barely allowed into the kitchen. Anyway, I go into the kitchen, take the tray of food she has laid out for my dad to the dining table, and had to go back to my parents’ room to announce that food was ready to

Never Will Be That Redhead Barbie Doll

1132 words - 5 pages involves the belief that she will never be like that “ redheaded Barbie Doll in fur coat” (pg. 64) referring to Megan due to the racial inequality she has grown to experience throughout her life. Clemencia doesn’t want to take the place of Megan, or of any other fooled white woman but instead accepts the fact that she will never be the wife, but always the mistress in contrast to an anglo lady and she is proud of that like she mentions on

The Bridge That Will Never Be

1154 words - 5 pages grow from a small farming town to an industrialized city, if a bridge replaced the ferry system at Scotland Wharf. Those that oppose the bridge also believe it will be costly and interfere with the historical aspect of Surry. Building a bridge in place of the ferry will incur large costs. However, the cost of building the bridge can be offset by adding a toll to cross the bridge, until the bridge is paid for. Likewise, monies would be saved by

Describe how analogue to digital will affect the system from a technological point of view, and discuss more widely how society might be affected by these changes

829 words - 3 pages unconstructive view of oneself as they will never be the people they examine on the television sets. Although television does have its positives it appears that the advancement in this technology incurs many problems along the way that may prove detrimental in the end.The transformation from analogue to digital has been gradual. Yet the comparison with television in its initial stages and is place in contemporary society is dramatic. We have

Police corruption can be minimised but will never go away

2106 words - 8 pages administrators tried to protect the culpable parties by refusing to prosecute unless there was clear evidence of corruption (Barker & Carter, 1993). The scene in Miami could prove to be a microcosm of the current state of affairs.The public is often affronted by police violations of the law, and as well it should be. It needs to be recognised, however, that power itself has the power to corrupt. The police, as individuals, are as human as the

There Seems To Be Little To Distinguish The Songs Of Innocence And The Songs Of Experience. Discuss With Reference To Content, Style, Form And Poetic Technique

1737 words - 7 pages similar to the Songs of Experience but our focus is taken away from the content and put more into the way in which it would be read. In this way, they abandon the cheery form by which the Innocence poems are written (regardless of their content) and give a much more sombre effect.In the Songs of Innocence, Blake often uses exclamations to emphasise a happy and joking atmosphere as opposed to an exclamation of anger. These give the impression that

Consider and discuss the following statement: "In any organizational change it is inevitable that there will be 'winners' and 'losers'; conflict between individuals and groups is only to be expected."

2957 words - 12 pages organizational change it is inevitable that there will be 'winners' and 'losers'; conflict between individuals and groups in only to be expected." To help us understand this state, firstly I present some theories and concepts related to it; then the discussion of this state had be started. With the discussion, I believe that winners and losers in change is not easy to identify, it can be evaluate by whether the change add the value to itself. And the

"Stretch Your Senses". This was written about my personal experience of a concert as a descriptive essay. You will be able to compare one of your experiences with mine

529 words - 2 pages entire band made the show spectacular. At no point was there a lull in the show. The lights and fireworks kept me craving more. A fireball would fly to the left, then to the right. The crowd was kept in a constant trance.Becoming completely enthralled in a live concert is definitely an exhilarating experience. Whether the acoustics are piercing the drums of your ears or you are trapped in the middle of a group of screaming fans, every element will push you to your limits. If you love to have every sense tantalized, then try going to a concert by your favorite band. This will be an experience you will never forget.

Similar Essays

"Science Alone Cannot Decide The Question Of Moral Status Of The Very Early Embryo. But Nor Can The Question Be Decided Without Taking Account Of Science." Discuss

779 words - 3 pages number'. This meaning that if embryo research and manipulation can bring happiness to countless of people, that for some reason may need medical intervention to get pregnant, then this use of embryos can be justified. When listing down the benefits they over shadow the consequences and so according to utilitarianism it is ok to freeze, use and destroy embryos as it is for the greater good.Sadly not everyone seemed to reach a common agreement as to

Crime Statistics: In This Essay I Will Be Exploring The Accuracy Of Statistics Used To Measure Crime And Discussing Why These Statistics Maybe An Inadequate Indicator Of Criminal Activities

2118 words - 8 pages reported because of many reasons. These reasons could be, it was an uninsured crime, burglary, but the homeowner hadn't got house insurance, so there is not much point reporting the crime. Others include domestic violence. This crime might not be reported because the victim lives with the perpetrator. Rape is a huge and very serious crime that people do not report because the victim may not want to relive the experience over and over again, in the

Industrial Western Movie: There Will Be Blood

1461 words - 6 pages . It is logical to assume that the dime novels marveled the late agrarian society so they depicted it with some hyperbolic literature and grandeur. The later novel that There Will be Blood was based on would probably follow the same line of reasoning as earlier novelist and justify industrialization as well as the prospect of wealthy conglomerates. At the very least, OIL! would exemplify what was occurring during the writing of the book. The

Will There Really Be Spring For Women?

1718 words - 7 pages men against women. After the revolution many discriminatory laws were enacted which further lowered women’s position in society. Additionally, according to the law which is currently active in Iran today women hold half that value of a man. “These discriminatory and misogynistic laws are not Islamic and cannot be found in the Quran. Iranian women from all walks of life oppose these laws—which is one reason why women are in the front lines of