Globally, climate change is regarded as both an urgent as well as serious issue (Stern, 2006). Defined as the lasting and significant change in the statistical distribution of the patterns of weather over periods that range between years to decades, climate change is believed to be a result of the human activities which have lead to global warming over the years (Sagan& Chyba1997). Other prospective contributors to climate change include biotic processes, solar radiation variations, volcanic eruptions and plate tectonics. Scientists continue to work actively with the aim of understanding the past as well as the future climate through observations and the use of theoretical models. A climate record has been assembled through the deep extension into the past of the earth .This assembly continues to be built up based on evidence that is geological in nature such as borehole temperature profiles, faunal and floral records, glacial process among others.
Enormous amounts of publications have been written on the subject of climate change. Many authors and environmentalists argue their cases and present different perspectives on the controversial subject. While some argue that the risks of climate change are high, others hold the view that the risks have been greatly exaggerated. Recent studies and surveys indicate that only 36% of scientists believe that human beings are the cause of global warming and therefore climate change On the contrary the other scientists hold the opinion that nature is the primary cause of climate change and that climate change will not be a serious problem(Lefsrud & Meyer 2012 ). In my discussion I will focus on two peer reviews: ‘What is the Economics of Climate Change?’ a peer review written by Nicholas Stern and the publication ‘Science or science Fiction? Professionals’ discursive construction of climate change’ (Lefsrud & Meyer 2012 ).
What is the economics of climate change Nicholas Stern.
The paper examines the risks of climate change on a broader scale. The author writes about the enormous risks of climate change. He discusses the various causes of climate change and mitigation strategies to address the global challenge of climate change. The paper further discusses the economics of climate change .Here, the author analyses the standard theory of externalities ,direct regulation and taxation of the emitter equivalence .The paper goes on to analyze the effect of climate change on growth and also the role of uncertainty in climate change. Finally, the paper talks about how to respond to the global challenge and the different international actions that have to be taken to address the issue of climate change (Stern ,2006).
Science or Science fiction? Professionals’ discursive construction of climate change.
The paper analyses the identity work and the framings that are associated with the discursive construction on climate change according to professionalism .It discusses how the professionals...