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Postmenopausal Type 1 And Age Related Type 2 Osteoporosis

1259 words - 6 pages

Background/introduction: (507 words) Osteoporosis is a disease that is the thinning of bones and causes bones to become brittle and breaks, eventually leading to injury in older adults. Osteoporosis falls into two categories, type 1 postmenopausal and type 2, age related. Bone is a tissue comprised of calcium and collagen which provides our body with the resilient framework to carry on day to day activities. “More than 99% of the body’s calcium is contained in the bones and teeth, the remaining 1 percent is found in the blood.” (“Osteoporosis Overview.” 2012). through the course of an individual’s life, bone is constantly remodeling this is completed through the process of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Osteoblasts are cells that form bones and osteoclasts are the cell that break down and reabsorb the bone, then removes the unnecessary bone tissue. During adolescent years, bones become denser and stronger; this is because new bone is formed more rapidly than old bone can be removed. At age 30, known as the peak bone mass, the formation of new bone starts to become slower and removal of old bone catches up. Unfortunately, if a woman did not reach optimal peak bone mass; her risk to develop osteoporosis increases. After menopause a woman loses bone mass more rapidly because of osteoclasts more rapidly occurring than osteoblasts and estrogen level decrease. This can also affect men but is rare, this is kind of osteoporosis is type 1. Type 2 osteoporosis is related to old age around the age of 70 and up, this type can affect both genders. There are many underlying issues that can account for osteoporosis such as autoimmune disorders and hematologic blood disorders have to take many medications that can interact with vitamin A and D absorption and bone loss. These diseases need to be treated with steroids which can increase the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis. Endocrine and hormonal disorders also have a high risk of osteoporosis, such as diabetes, hyperparathyroidism, and missing periods. Individuals with digestive and gastrointestinal disorders such as celiac disease struggle with absorbing nutrients such as calcium and vitamin D. They also cannot ingest and gluten products such as wheat, barley, and rye that contain vitamin D. (“Diseases and Conditions that May Cause Bone Loss Osteoporosis.” n.d.) does not necessarily occur due to a person having a disease, but also the person’s lifestyle. A poor diet that does not contain the proper food groups such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains and dairy can further increase the chances and risk factors of a person getting the disease. Eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia have the same adverse effect on the bones as menopause. The female athlete triad is where the female does not get her period because of an eating disorder and excessive exercise. BMD (bone mineral density) in amenorrheic athletes has been measured at levels 25% to 40% below control levels. When menses resumed in these...

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