Weapons of World War II
"Necessity is the mother of all invention", and so it was taught and
learned throughout all of World War 2. During World War 2 weaponry had
to be upgraded and revised to fit every situation. The engineers of
the war had to constantly develop new and better weaponry. Much like
the engineers, the generals and officers were required to develop new
ways of outsmarting their enemy. Today most everything is computerized
for battle situations, and much is known about all other foreign
defenses, but during the period of World War 2 there were many
secrets, and a constant distrust of some allies.
Tanks were a huge aspect of ground fighting during the war. One of the
first tanks used was the Italian M 13/40, which was unreliable and
slow at best, therefore this tank did not last long in battle. Axis
forces dubbed this tank the mobile coffin for its weak armor plate and
all other small tanks defeated it. Allied forces later came to depend
on the British Matilda. It had a 2-pound turret gun and a top speed of
15 mph, which was certainly considered quite fast for a tank in 1941.
The British Matilda also had a 78mm armor plate and could stand most
heavy fire. This tank ruled the grounds, but Axis engineers were busy
developing a better tank.
Soon after the Axis forces developed the Panzer to end the Matilda
era. The Panzer was preeminent when desert fighting came about in
1942. These Panzer tanks were the primary ground force in North
Africa, because of their power, speed, and agility. This Panzer model
did not last long because the U.S. soon created the General Sherman,
which could defeat the Panzer in most cases. While the General
Shermans were holding the desert the axis forces were creating a new,
far improved Panzer model.
The Panzer II and the General Sherman were generally equivalent, and
could both take on all other tanks. These tanks were the primary
ground force for both Axis and Allied forces for about a year and a
half. At this time the U.S. produced the Great Sherman tank, and
simultaneously the Axis forces developed the Panzer III. The Great
Sherman had reinforced 62mm armor. This tank also boasted a 75mm gun
on a power turret. The Great Sherman was exceptionally maneuverable
for its size, and could travel 25 mph, which was very fast for a heavy
tank model. Conversely the Panzer III had 2-layer 30mm armor, and was
a very maneuverable medium tank with heavy firepower. The Panzer III
could easily defeat a Great Sherman in a close range battle, because
of its rapid acceleration and fast moving turret. The Panzer III was
good, but soon the ally forces had to create a better tank.
Nearing the end of the war Ally forces finally fashioned a tank
superior to the Panzer III. This tank boasted a 30mm turret gun, and a
75mm gun mounted on the hull; this...