Wheat is a cereal grain grown all over the world. It is the third most-produced cereal after maize and rice and is the staple food of millions of people. China is the world`s largest producer of wheat with the U.S. ranked at number four. Wheat is the principal U.S. cereal grain for export and domestic consumption. Wheat is the fourth leading U.S. field crop and our leading export crop. Normally speaking, wheat is more often grown in arid regions where soil quality is poor. North Dakota is the largest wheat producing state in America. North Dakota farmers primarily grow hard red spring and durum wheat, leading the production of these two specialty wheat`s. Durum is the hardest of all wheat`s and is a key ingredient in pasta. North Dakota produces 68% of the U.S. durum crop. Many international and domestic mills prefer North Dakota durum for its color and strong gluten characteristics.
Crops need nutrients and fertilizer, just like people might take vitamins to help them stay strong and healthy. Farmers test the soil to determine just which nutrients are needed in each field. Wheat is planted with a drill, which is pulled by a tractor. A drill makes a “furrow”; the farmer opens the center of the furrow, drops in a line of seeds, and then covers the seeds with a thin layer of soil. Wheat is harvested with a self-propelled machine called a “combine”. The combine shakes and beats the wheat seeds out of the heads and separates the kernels from all the other plant materials. The kernels are moved into a grain tank on the combine. Many wheat producers work with custom harvesters to get their wheat out of the field and into the bin. There “harvesters for hire” travel the country throughout harvest season- April to September. After about two to three months wheat is ready to be harvested. Wheat farmers are among the most common types of farmers worldwide, as the production of wheat is a vital part of the general good production of the world. Wheat farmers work either at their own farms or on farms owned by other farmers, where they work the land, prepare it for the seeds, plant them and then harvest the crops when the time arises.
Wheat grows well under dry land conditions where adequate stored water promotes a deep, extensive root system. Irrigation practices that ensure ample soil water storage during early stages of crop development promote the development of this type of root system. Wheat crops need about 3 to 5 inches of water from seeding until April 1. Wheat will produce from two to six bushels for each additional inch of water, depending on water availability during vegetative, heading and grain-filling periods.
Why is the breakfast item produced in this region/country?
Wheat is a key ingredient in many different breakfast foods, such as, pop tarts, donuts, bagels, etc. The U.S. uses wheat for products-such as breads, pastas, and even pizza. Without wheat there would be no flour, which is a very important baking...