According to (Gutro, 2005) “Weather is basically the way the atmosphere is behaving, mainly with respect to its effect upon life and human activities.” Climate is different from weather it consists of the short term changes in the atmosphere, while climate is the weather over a long period of time.
Weather is made up of sunshine, rain, cloud cover, winds, hail, snow, sleet, freezing rain, flood, blizzards, ice storms, and thunderstorms, steady rains from a cold front, excessive heat, heat wave and more (Gutro, 2005). According to (editor, 2013) Weather differs from climate in that the latter includes the synthesis of weather conditions that have prevailed over a given area during a long time period-generally 30 years. Weather occurs in the troposphere, which is the lowest region of the atmosphere; the troposphere extends from the Earth’s surface to 6-8 km (4-5) at the poles and to about 17 km (11 miles) at the equator. Clouds and almost all precipitation develop in the troposphere. Conditions in the higher regions of the troposphere and above, such as the jet stream and upper-air waves, significantly affects sea-level atmospheric-pressure pattern-the so-called highs and lows- and thereby the weather condition at the terrestrial surface. Features such as mountains and large bodies of water also affect weather. It is also been identified that ocean-surface temperature anomalies are a potential cause of atmospheric temperature anomalies in successive seasons and at distant locations. An example of this weather-interaction between the ocean and the atmosphere is what scientists call the Nino/South Oscillation (ENSO). There is also evidence that ENSO is responsible not only for unusual weather events in the equation Pacific region, for example the severe drought in Australia and the torrential rains in western South America in 1982-83 but also for those that periodically occur in the mid-latitudes for example record-high summer temperatures in western Europe and unusually heavy spring rains in the central United States in 1982-83 (editor, 2013).
Different parts of the world have variant weather; it can be seen clearly in the mid-latitude belts of the westerly winds, where a usually continuous procession of traveling high- and low-pressure centres produces a constantly shifting weather pattern. However in tropical regions weather varies little from day to day or from month to month (editor, 2013) .
Furthermore, weather has a great impact on human settlement pattern, food production, and personal comfort. Temperatures and humidity can sometime be extreme and lead to discomfort, which may lead to the transmission of disease, sometimes heavy rain can cause flooding displacing people and interrupting economic activities; thunderstorms, tornadoes, hail, and sleet storms may damage or destroy crops, building, and transportation routes and vehicles, Storms may even kill or injure people or livestock. Coastal areas are susceptible to tropical...