Weather And The Changing Of The Seasons

1598 words - 6 pages

Weather and the Changing of the Seasons
A) Academic Content Standard:
Grade Level: Kindergarten
Earth Science Standard 3b: Students know changes in the weather occur from day to day and across seasons, affecting earth and its inhabitants.
B) Educational Objective:
Describe in detail the difference between the four seasons
Discuss the role that the Sun plays in weather between days and seasons
State the relatable effects that occur with the changing of weather
State the effects that the changing of seasons has not only on humans, but also animals and plant life.
C) Skill Development:
Students will be able to:
Name and spell all four seasons
Identify each of the four seasons and list their characteristics
Illustrate how trees are affected by each of the seasons
Discuss why and how weather changes everyday
D) Materials Required:
Four Seasons Worksheet (Found at www.education.com)
Crayons, Markers, or Color Pencils
E) Procedure:
Facilitate a discussion in which students discuss what they already know about the seasons. Approximate time: 3 minutes
Establish why weather changes. Approximate time: 2 minutes
Detail each of the four seasons. Approximate time: 5 minutes
Show video. Approximate time: 1 minute
Distribute handouts and have students color them in. Approximate time: 10 minutes
Discuss why the students colored the handouts like they did. Approximate time: 5 minutes
Total time: Approximately 26 minutes
F) Learning Activity:
The learning activity for this lesson plan includes handing classmates the Four Seasons Worksheet (Found at www.education.com)
G) Explanation:
The Activity explains the following Earth concepts:
Weather
Seasons
Earth’s rotation
Effects of the Sun
Water Cycle
H) Scientific Background:
The major factor that affects weather is the amount of solar energy that is reaching Earth from the sun. Almost all energy that determines the weather and seasons is solar energy. The amount of solar energy that reaches the Earth varies due to the path of the Sun in the local sky and the length of daylight. Since the Earth is in a constant elliptical rotation around the sun, the Earth is never stagnant. In fact, there are two rotations that the Earth is in at all times. The first is a once a day rotation on its axis and the second is a once per year revolution around the Sun. With the Earth always changing location, the weather is constantly changing due to the varying of its exposure to the Sun. According to the American Meteorological Society, other factors that contribute to the change of weather include nearness to bodies of water, topographical features, and migrations of weather systems. Also, the interaction of radiation with the Earth's atmosphere is another factor. Energy can be reflected and absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere, varying the actual amount of solar energy that reaches the Earth's surface. Due to these variables, it is not uncommon for weather to fluctuate despite the location of...

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