This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Welfare State Essay

1977 words - 8 pages


The term was firstly used by Pontiff Temple in 1941. However, some other

authors emphasize that it was firstly used in 1934 by Alfred Zimmern who is

from Oxford, besides that, it became even more popular thanks to the ‘’Citizen

and Churchman’’ book, written in 1940. Nevertheless, its widespread in

literature occurred by Beceridge Report in 1942. It is seen that before and most

of 20th century, ‘’welfare’’ and ‘’state’’ terms aren’t used together. It is only

between the years of 1945 and 1980 that these two words have a strong

relationship. During that period, the statement of ‘’welfare state’’ became a

common idiom in politics and citizen language.

...view middle of the document...

During 1970’s Pacific countries like

Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong and Singapore took significant steps on the

road of becoming welfare states (Japan had followed the same way long time


There is still no exact definition for ‘’welfare state’’ and has ben described by

different words throughout the history. Definitions vary from the ones giving

minimum responsibility to welfare state (meeting the needs in minimum level

and meeting minimum standards) to the ones providing welfare state a huge

movement area (education, dwelling, social services etc.). Welfare states show

differences according to nation-states’ economical, cultural and historical


According to Asa Briggs, who is shown as a reference in many works, ‘’welfare

state is a sort of state in which organized public power is used consciously in

order to decrease the roles of market powers.’’ He also states that welfare state is

active in three fields. The first one is providing the guarantee of minimum level

of income. Second one is helping people to overcome some specific social risks

(sickness, old age, unemployment etc.). The third one is having the responsibility

of best life standards via social welfare services.

To be more specific, according to Asa Briggs, the effect of welfare state should

happen in three ways: It should provide the guarantee of minimum income,

decrease insecurity, give everybody to the right of having best standards.

According to another definition, welfare state is defined as a modern state

concept that carries the responsibility of fair income distribution by the tax and

payment policies, looks after needy group and classes, shapes social security

implementations, conducts policies to meet basic needs like education, health

and dwelling.


There have been works trying to classify welfare state, the very first works

are the ones written by Wilensky and Lebeaux in 1958, which categorizes

welfare states into two groups: residual, institutional welfare states. Another

classification that classifies welfare states into three categories belongs to

Richard Titmuss. Esping-Andersen also made a triple categorization just as

Titmuss’. Andersen chose to classify welfare states as: ‘’liberal model’’, ‘’Christian

model’’ and ‘’social democratic model’’. The basis of Andersen’s dividing in such a

way is reasoned by the logic of welfare states’ building period. The social

democratic welfare model, which is widespread in North America countries

(Scandinavian model), tries to set basic needs free (health) from market


Esping Andersen, Gøsta. 1990. Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Esping‐Andersen, Gøsta. 1993. “The Comparative Macro‐Sociology of Welfare States”. In Luis Moreno (ed.) Social Exchange and Welfare Development, Madrid: Csic, 123‐36.

Esping Andersen, Gøsta....

Find Another Essay On Welfare State

The State of Welfare Essay

1044 words - 4 pages The welfare system in the United States performs a wide variety of functions to assist people who have fallen onto hard times. Welfare programs are an evolution of the British Poor Laws whose roots lie in basic charity and the human ideology that one should aid those less fortunate. Today’s welfare system , being controlled by the state and federal governments are by no means perfect, but they do provide a more stable form of assistance so

Canada's Welfare State Essay

1072 words - 5 pages welfare state, Canada provides a multitude of services to its citizens to provide economic stability and independence, which in turn benefits the Canadian economy as a whole Works Cited “Welfare Fraud in Perspective,” The Toronto Star, December 9, 2009, “Welfare: Myth and Reality” (Income Security Advocacy Centre, n.d.),

The British Welfare State

2876 words - 12 pages The idea behind the welfare state was to relieve poverty, reduce inequality, and achieve greater social integration and solidarity, and in Britain these aims were sorely wanted after world war two . This desire for the welfare state was rooted in many causes. To fully understand these cause we have to start out not at the 1941 beginnings of the large scale welfare state but to 1598. One of the main motivating factors behind this desire

Arguments Against a Welfare State

1647 words - 7 pages give goods and services to the households. The problem with the welfare system is it takes a detour around this, and goods and services are given out to those on welfare with them not putting anything back in the system. This creates a drain on the system which decreases the entire loop’s profitability. Another issue with the “welfare state” is the effect it has on the GDP, Gross Domestic Product, the measure of all final goods and services

Rolling back the australian welfare state

2323 words - 9 pages Since the Howard government and the liberal party came to power in Australia, the welfare state has been rolled back and conditions for obtaining state assistance have greatly expanded. This has been due, in part to the Commonwealth government's attempt to reduce their financial commitments to the Australian people coupled with an ideological shift towards individual responsibility and privatisation .The citizenship theory, which underpins the

The Success of the Welfare State

1847 words - 7 pages The Success of the Welfare State The term “welfare state” refers to the provisions made by a state intended to protect its citizens from social problems – principally ill health, unemployment, poor housing and lack of access to education. This essay will study the British experience of the welfare state and its initial aims and consider whether its modern form has succeeded in fulfilling them. Welfare

Uruguay as a Social Welfare State

2448 words - 10 pages of governance and politics. Also, the types of political cultures have gradually changes from a bipolar (huge government-huge enterprise) to a tri-polar framework (leaders - private communities- citizens).In the collaborated initiatives and cooperation that the idea of a social welfare state guarantees to the Uruguay communities, the leaders and the legislators in Uruguay used their power and capacity to manage conflicts that their communities

The Welfare State in the United Kingdom

1960 words - 8 pages The Welfare State in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom is a Welfare State. In a Welfare State, the system of government enables the state to protect and promote the economic and social well-being of all its citizens. The basic objectives of a Welfare State is to foment the principles of equality of opportunity, non-discriminatory access to the wealth of the state and the state responsibility towards those members of the society who are

The Welfare State and its Persistence

2462 words - 10 pages “Many people would prefer to live in a society that is not only affluent but also reasonably egalitarian” (Kenworthy, 2004, p. 1). This could possibly be considered for the title of the least-contested statements in political economics, the notion of equal opportunity for all is one of the key aspects of the American dream. This is the idea behind the welfare state. The general concept of the welfare state is rather simplistic; create more

The Australian Welfare State and How to Kick it

1498 words - 6 pages therefore asking for increasing welfare dependency and an overall counterproductive and potentially problematic system. With the Centre for Independent Studies release of their TArget 30 campaign to reduce the size of Government expenditure below 30% of GDP over the next 10 years Works Cited Saunders, P 2004, The Australian Welfare State and How to Kick it, Duffy and Snellgrove, Sydney.

Has the welfare state created a dependency culture

1779 words - 7 pages This essay about has the welfare state created a welfare dependency culture is going to look at single parents who are trying to go back to work, job seekers allowance, one of new labours Christians, Frank Field, Bill Jordan and Marsland. Firstly In order to answer this question the essay will look at what is meant by the words welfare dependency. Welfare dependency is a situation where people on welfare, such as those receiving unemployment

Similar Essays

The Social Welfare State Essay

3767 words - 15 pages The social welfare state that existed for over 60 years in the United States, AFDC in particular, failed to lift its recipients out of poverty, or encourage them to leave poverty behind on their own. (Epstein, 1997) AFDC and other welfare entitilement programs merely eased poverty. (Epstein, 1997) They provided some financial assistance to many people temporarily, and many others for extended periods of time, but in either case they provided no

The Austrian Welfare State Essay

1516 words - 6 pages THE AUSTRIAN WELFARE STATE PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT3 The Austrian Welfare StateAbstractThis paper gives a brief insight into the Austrian welfare state. Rooted in the late 19th century the Austrian welfare state developed various social programs for the wellbeing of its citizens like for example: free education, insurances or family allowances. Taking a closer look at the historical development as well as the current situation, some challenges for

America's Semi Welfare State Essay

1851 words - 7 pages The prospect of the welfare state in America appears to be bleak and almost useless for many citizens who live below the poverty line. Katz’s description of the welfare state as a system that is “partly public, partly private, partly mixed; incomplete and still not universal; defeating its own objectives” whereas has demonstrates how it has become this way by outlining the history of the welfare state which is shown that it has been produced in

The Modern Welfare State Essay

2621 words - 10 pages cooperation and support (welfare). It is this process of the increasing role of the state or the government in social welfare (Gladstone; 2000) that has given rise to the concept of the welfare state. Gladstone (2000) has traced the foundations of the modern welfare state (at least in British politics) to the period between 1884 and 1914. To him this period witnessed a pivotal change both in ideas and actions as it saw “a re-negotiation of the