Societies for years have preached the theory of individual responsibility as the righteous route for it citizens to pursuit. The worth of a society is often based on the monetary network of individuals. Moreover, in the United States this is the norm to focus on individual responsibility. However, every society is faced with the conflict of poverty that requires some type of social welfare policy. Poverty is not a stranger to the United States and therefore it created program such as welfare to assist the poor. The welfare system has evolved over the years sometime for the good and others for the bad. In 1996, President Bill Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. This law changes the way welfare function. This paper will examine welfare to work programs in the United States.
I. Structural components
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 also known as (Welfare to work) objective was to end welfare. It further aimed at placing limits on benefits and to help improve on the collection of child support. President Clinton was acting on a promise he made during the Democratic National Convention to reform welfare by creating million of jobs. The Welfare reform Act purpose was to create jobs by incentivizing employers to hire welfare recipients by giving them tax credits.
“The critics of this law believed that it harmed the poor by reducing or ending benefits and requiring the recipients to find work within a two year or perform community service”(sourcewatch.org). Through this new law the states governments were eligible to receive block grant from the Federal government. The funds would be administered by the states to welfare recipients however, with far more restriction than on the federal level.
II. Alternative program characteristics
As mention before the states placed more restriction on the recipients. Moreover, the states were allowed to design their own program. Some states felt that education was a better use of fund while other concentrated on job training. The federal government set the basic policy for the organization (welfare to work) program however, states incorporated their own structure. Welfare to work reform tends to operate on a developmental concept. “In the program parent are provided services such as child care, food nutrition programs (Dolgoff, R., & Feldstein, 2009, p.141). When viewing the assistance offer by welfare to work program seem to be selective in natural. “Recipients included in selective program normally receive services based on their needs such as food and housing” (Dolgoff, R., & Feldstein, 2009, p.142).
Services such as daycare services. When examining the source of benefits for welfare to work recipients, it tends to be a mixture of monetary, services and utilities. Recipients often qualify to receive housing such as section eight in Alabama. They are given welfare check and...