Were The Crusades Just Wars? Essay

1297 words - 5 pages

Wars are started due to different beliefs whether it is religion, ethics, etc. The Crusades were a series of “Holy Wars”. Prior to the Crusades, in 1009 the Arabs rule Jerusalem, a sacred site to both Christians and Muslims. At the same time, El Hakim ordered the burning of the Holy Sepulcher. This brought mistrust with the Muslims. In 1054 the Church split into the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox. Sixteen years later, the Turks conquered Jerusalem and started to attack the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines sent a letter to the west asking for help. Pope Urban II read it and then called for the first Crusade to take back the Holy Lands. Thousands marched to the Holy Sites and conquered Jerusalem. However, only this Crusade was successful as the other two resulted in failure. The second and third Crusade was called to take back Edessa and Jerusalem which were recaptured by the Muslims. Although some of the Christian reasons were right, their attacks on Muslims were mostly unjustified.
From the Christian perspective, their attacks on Muslims during the Crusades were justified. The first reason Christians thought that the Crusades were justified was because the Holy Sepulchre was burned. In 1009, El Hakim, the leader of Jerusalem also considered mentally ill, called for the burning of the Holy Sepulchre (Video Guide). Muslims listened to him and completed his orders. This shows that the Muslims contradicted their stance on religious tolerance and did not take into account of whether or not their leader was right or wrong. That caused bad blood between Christians and Muslims especially in the religious point of view. The second reason as to why the Christians believe that the Crusades were justified was due to the fact that the Turks were attacking Christians in the Holy Lands (Contradict this statement in paragraph 3). The Pope stated that “They have killed and captured many”, “they” referring to the Muslims and “many” referring to the Christians (qtd. Halsall). To add to, three thousand Christians were degraded when the Turks controlled Jerusalem and many of their Churches were destroyed (Cause of the…). This demonstrates that the Turks had no integrity and that they did not care about their well-being of even the Christians pilgrims. Pilgrims were people who traditionally visited Holy Sites. The final reason of why Christians believe that the Crusades were justified was that God willed it. When Pope Urban II was giving his speech, he said “I, or rather the Lord, beseech you…to carry aid promptly to those Christians and to destroy that vile race from the lands of our friends…” (qtd. Halsall). This quote truly shows that god is begging the Christians in the west to help out those in the Holy Lands hence the word “beseech”. It also shows that the Muslims are evil considering the fact that the Pope stated that they are a “vile race”. These words are believable because the Pope in Christian belief is closest to God. Therefore, according to the...

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