Were They The First? Essay

1075 words - 4 pages

Were They the First?Wilbur and Orville were pioneers in aviation who achieved great success and deserve acclaim, but it seems that anyone who questions the claims made on their behalf is considered ignorant, or worse. Although there are records of the time that show what really happened, the popular version as taught to school children seems to have been accepted by even aviation professionals. These brothers, talented as they undoubtedly were, did not wake up one day and decide to invent an airplane. They used other work, by other aviation pioneers, as a starting point. Yes, the Wrights made great progress and by their skill and perseverance made a series of successful flights. Flights that excited the imagination of the world and spurred popular acceptance of a new science. But were they the first?One of the ways that the Wrights were different from the other aviation pioneers of the time was the way they saw the profit potential in flying, and they were quick to claim that they had been, indeed, the first to fly a powered airplane. They were also quick to take legal action to press their claims. For a time, until the First World War in fact, they were generally successful in litigation, receiving royalties on their patents and in doing so, they set aviation, and particularly American aviation, back. For instance they demanded a sum equal to twenty percent of all monies made, including gate receipts at flying displays, by those who flew virtually any flying machine for gain. They were determined that even those who flew in other countries should pay, and their claim was made on the basis of US patents for some aviation designs that had already been used overseas. It is interesting to read about the battles that Curtis, for example, had with the Wrights over the patent for the aileron, even though such a device was hardly an invention of either group. The Smithsonian did not accept the Wrights' claims until 1948, and then only so that the original Flyer could become the property of the museum.Had the Wrights been more open and ready to share, as were most of the other aviation pioneers of the time, the US would not have lost its edge, and who knows how fast the development of this new science would have progressed?Perhaps because of the ongoing legal battles, the Wrights did not at any time give credit to others, whose works they used to develop their Flyer. There are too many similarities for their ideas to have been unique, yet they destroyed records that might have shown where these ideas came from. The first Flyer, which was damaged beyond repair after that first day of flying, could not be accurately duplicated or repaired since there were no plans or diagrams.As a scientific experiment, the first flights would not, today, qualify as acceptable since independent experimenters would be unable to replicate them. All replicas, and computer simulations of the first Flyer, cannot be flown. Even the Wrights, with their extensive gliding...

Find Another Essay On Were they the First?

The roman baths: were they just for clenlyness or were therer other resons for them.

3313 words - 13 pages Did the Romans only use the baths to get clean or were there political and social motivations behind the number of romans regularly going to the baths?"INTRODUCTIONThe idea of public baths was originally Greek, and the Romans picked up on the idea around the second century B.C.The first palatial bath (Thermae) was built by Agrippa in the Campus Martius. Others were located near the pantheon in Rome, on the slopes of the Esquiline Hill, near the

There were twenty or more pre-trials or trials that day. The speed in which they were handled was surprisingly

1434 words - 6 pages Sheriff’s Deputies escorted nine shackled prisoners in a row into the courtroom. Each of the nine prisoners, seven male and two female, had on different colored Oakland County Jail issued uniforms and they were seated in the jury seats of the courtroom. The demographics of the incarcerated were five white males, two black males and two black females. Their age range was from a nineteen year-old female to a 52-year-old white

Why were the French unable to defeat the Viet Minh in the first Indo China War?

1857 words - 7 pages the French. In 1945 Japan looked as if it was defeated and so announced Independence for Vietnam. The French were now intending to reclaim territory which they considered rightfully theirs as colonial land, using their conventional, modern day military system which had won the Allies World War I.The Vietnamese, for the best part of the conflict represented by the Viet Minh were tired of Colonial oppression, and following Japans announcement on

Who were the Huns, Ottomans, and the Austrians and how did they affect Europe?

1941 words - 8 pages that did not kill them, the Huns would also sometimes just tear the person apart using the leather lasso to help. They were fearless warriors, especially under the rule of Attila. They were at their height of power under Attila the Hun’s (406 - died 453) rule. He was one of the most fearless and keen leaders in all of history. One of his nicknames was "Scourge of God.". War didn’t scare him but intrigued him. “A first-hand account of Attila by

Romeo and Juliet, were they really in love? This essay details the romance between the two.

1000 words - 4 pages couple had just met when they shared their first kiss and a mere five days later committed suicide. Their romantic episodes were very typical of infatuated teens. They rushed into a relationship which turned out to be primarily physical.In Scene I Romeo "loves" Rosaline, he cannot get enough of Rosaline - even though she obviously does not return his affection. Shakespeare makes a point of describing how everyone in the whole town knows Romeo is in

Why the 1950s werent as wonderful as some thought they were.

1690 words - 7 pages wealth and also wanted to be looked upon by others as very successful so they needed to work extra hard to achieve this goal. The outcome rested entirely on their shoulders because the mothers did not earn any income. They had their own role as well as the kids. Work went to many of these fathers' heads and "his life revolved almost entirely around his work- so much that the values of work were often brought into the home." (2) This caused chaos

Railroad Monopolies; this essay covers the railroad monopolies and how they were dealt with.

1476 words - 6 pages ideas on the railroad in a journal titled "Documents tending to prove the superior advantages of railways and steam carriages over canal navigation." Some of the first railroads were not automatically ran on trains, but with horse pulling carts along tracks. The first railroad was constructed in 1826 which only covered a span of about three miles. On Christmas Day, 1830, the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company completed the first mechanical

The tough times that labor had before and while they were forming unions.

624 words - 2 pages good for the companies but back for the laborers. Their jobs were being taken away from the machines that could do the work but at even a faster rate of production. These machines rapidly took over the labor where men use to be. Most people still had jobs, but it made it a little harder to get one when they were competing against machines who could out produce the workers.Before the Civil War, many people were self employed. The majority of these

Research paper on the poem "What Were They Like?" by Denise Levertov.

1099 words - 4 pages matter of fact question to portray what Americans were seeing every night on television. The Vietnam War has also been called "The Living Room War," because it was the first war broadcasted on television. "It brought the horror of war night after night into people's living rooms and eventually inspired revulsion and exhaustion."(Ha 5) Levertov, copying the interview technique, would recall from people's memories what they had seen on television

What were Peter the Great's westernization policies and how did they help modernize Russia?

1174 words - 5 pages , manners and customs in the social and family life of each Russian. Integrating men and women at social events, he brought about dances and balls that were unheard of previously. He made men shave, and outlawed long Asian robes. Peter punished those that disobeyed his decrees, and in certain exceptions allowed certain citizens to keep their habits if they paid a tax. Through these social reforms, Peter claimed to be serving the common good, and

"The Treaty of Versailles had some good points but they were overshadowed by its weaknesses."

541 words - 2 pages fleet.Although the treaty had more bad points, there were also good things that came out of the treaty. National identity was recognized within countries like Hungary, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland. They all became independent nations in their own rights instead of being controlled. Another good point about the treaty was the fact of there being a lesser likely hood of war by Great powers such as

Similar Essays

How American Indians Were Treated By The English And Spanish When They First Arrived In The "New Land"

644 words - 3 pages Centuries ago, the Indians migrated to North America through the bearing straight. Over time, after many generations, the Indians made their way to the eastern part of the "New World." This is where they settled and lived for many years. Soon enough the Spanish and English were there seeking wealth. They both became greedy over time. The Spanish were after everything the Indians had, whereas the English were only after gold and land. The

What Were The Major Causes Of The First World War?

1074 words - 5 pages responsible for the outbreak of the War. In this essay I will question that statement by emphasizing the attitude of the main powers and take into account other causes historians assume, especially the current ideological ideas in Europe and the events in the Balkans. Nevertheless, I will conclude that none of these reasons were solely the cause of the outbreak, but the combination of them all, and especially hegemonic ambitions and the lack of diplomacy

The Great Pryamids, How And When They Were Built.

1685 words - 7 pages was ever buried there. The passageway leading from the Grand Gallery to the main chamber is too narrow to have any movement of the coffer. They suggest that it must have been placed in the chamber as the pyramid was being built. The Giza pyramids were built for the fourth Dynasty kings as funerary structures. It is a archaeological fact that none of the kings put their names on the pyramids that they supposedly built. Yet in the fifth Dynasty and

The People’s War: Were They Really All In It Together?

1777 words - 8 pages beginning to end through both World Wars . Instead of creating chaos through the stressful times, the people remained civilized and peaceful . This can be interpreted as Taylor professing that the British lived through some of the worst times in the twentieth century, but they were triumphant in war and as a people. Certainly this does not diminish the idea that the British did have to come together throughout the war, but the context of how Taylor