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Werner Hiesenberg Essay

1585 words - 7 pages

Werner Heisenberg was an exceptional scientist, who fell in love with physics by chance. Although Heisenberg studied through the trying times of World War 1 and World War 2, with the help of others, he contributed to new principles’ and theories in physics.. Heisenberg was most famous for his theory of quantum mechanics, which earned him a Nobel Prize in 1932; he is also famous for his work on the principle of uncertainty. Heisenberg’s work has contributed tremendously to the science community; he has influenced many others with his theories, and has both directly and indirectly helped shape the sciences of today.
Werner Heisenberg was born on the 5th of December 1901 in Wurzburg, Germany. ...view middle of the document...

In 1926, he publicly criticizing Niels Bohr on his math, this got the attention of Mr.Bohr, Bohr then invited Heisenberg to the University of Copenhagen to work with him. This turned out to be the most beneficial time of young Heisenberg’s career. In 1926 confused by the quantum properties of electrons, Heisenberg recognized that hitting electrons with gamma rays altered the behavior of the electron. He observed that you could measure the position and momentum of an electron, but the more precisely you measured one property, the more you push the other off. He used this information, made an equation using planks constant and called it the principle of uncertainty. In his book “The principles of the quantum theory”, Heisenberg states that “The use of the words “position” and “velocity” with accuracy exceeding that of his equation is just as meaningless as the use of words whose sense is not defined”. In a pivotal time for physics, Heisenberg adapted matrix mechanics to atomic physics. Other scientist disapproved of this method because there was no visible model. When Schrödinger came out with the theory of wave mechanics, he proved that the two theories were the same, and then the physics community embraced Heisenberg’s theory. In 1927 Heisenberg returned to Germany and became the youngest professor ever In 1937 he married Elisabeth Schumacher, and in 1938 she gave birth to twins a boy and a girl. They had seven children together; his son Jochen became a professor of physics at the University of New Hampshire.
In 1928 the famous Albert Einstein nominated Werner Heisenberg, Pascual Jordan, and Max Born for the Nobel Prize. It was not until 1932 that it was announced that Heisenberg won the Nobel Prize for the creation of quantum mechanics, the physical theory that attempts to describe the motions of atomic and sub-atomic particles. In quantum mechanics exact predictions of a particle's motion cannot be made; only statistical probabilities can be calculated. Also, because measurements on a quantum system actually change its state, the concept of information is much more complicated than it is in classical physics. Heisenberg getting the Nobel Prize had lots of controversy because the award was given to him alone, even though Born and Jordon helped him with the quantum theory. Some people speculate that Jordon joining the Nazi Party, and Borns close ties to him were what prevented them from getting the award with Heisenberg. Some people think Heisenberg had a bad conscience for receiving the award alone. In 1954, 12 years after Heisenberg was given the Nobel Prize he wrote an article in which he gave Born and Jordon credit for their help with the final mathematical formulation of matrix mechanics. He also noted that he felt that they didn’t receive enough credit for their work in the eye of the public. That same year Born won the Nobel Prize for his interpretation on quantum physics. Jordon who was still alive did not receive the award, proving to...

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