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Western Nursing Theories Essay

2903 words - 12 pages


This writer is going to explore two different western nursing theories that were shaped by philosophy, politics, history and society and view the revolutionary application of the theories in the modern world. In the beginning of a journey to a psychiatric nursing career, a student needs to consider nurses of the past, and present, and the theories they developed. Nursing is constantly evolving and the nursing theories evolve in response to society’s evolution.(Barker,2009) Historically politics shaped society, and its view of the mentally ill. In the past, psychiatric nursing relied on the physicians/psychiatrists biomedical theory to mental illness. This writer suggests that today in response to the changing world that nurse theories will revolutionize treatment of the mental health consumer. The World Health Organization lists what world changes have occurred, and how health care needs to change in response to the world.(Barker,2009) WHO lists these changes in relevance to psychiatric nursing and the need for flexible mental healthcare, to address our changing society.(Barker,2009) The population is older and growing this requires a larger number of mental health nurses to respond.(Barker,2009) There are a larger number of mental illnesses identified by the DSM today than in the past.(Barker,2009) This definitely suggests, that a more psychosocial approach is needed in response, rather than the traditional biomedical “cure”. Ethnic and cultural diversity requires nurses to be more creative in applying theory to nursing.(Barker,2009) More links are being made between mental health and the changing society we live in. New technology demands that a psychiatric nurse apply new knowledge in their profession.(Barker,2009) Work patterns, lifestyle and environments are different today, requiring more innovative application of theories in different environments.(Barker,2009) Mental health care is moving into the community, into consumers’ homes and away from hospitals in response to the economic recession. (Barker,2009)
I am going to first explore the core existential phenomenological philosophy which two nursing theories share.(Madison.G, 2008) This existential philosophy is seen in Watsons and Parses nursing theories. Without this core philosophy a therapeutic nurse, patient relationship could never achieve maturity or longevity. Existentialism phenomenology functions on the premise that the nurse have no distractions, or preconceived perceptions of a patient in a therapeutic relationship.(Madison.G,2008) Perception, is based soley on the clients own interpretation of their past, present and future life.(Solowski.R,2010) This internal and external interrelationship is responsible for initiating the clients will to change behaviors. The client develops self- awareness based on his social relationships with society. Self - determination is an internal response by the client, which catalyzes transformation of their...

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