Western Scientific Paradigm Essay

964 words - 4 pages

IntroductionAs the main concern of this paper is regarding western scientific paradigm, hence it is important to understand what paradigm is. It can be said that a paradigm provides an approach of viewing other stuff and such approach is said to be materialistic in eyes of scientists. This means that every concept is viewed differently by different scientists and therefore this supplies a good approach and benefit to the world of science. The period of middle Ages was time when the West started to take keen part in the development of science and now it plays a vital role in the development of medicine and other science-oriented things.Implications in American Health SystemWestern scientific paradigm has played a vital role in the health care departments of US. Western medicine, commonly known as conventional medicine, is such kind in which strict tests are conducted, the effects are predicted and is made as a result of several years of study. According to the census of year 2000, there were 700,000 physicians in US and obviously this number has outgrown over the years (Green, 2005). The Western science can be categorized under handful elements, which are “philosophical, sociological, and technological.” The science and its development vary region to region and therefore, it can be said that undeveloped regions do not have enough resources to modify its scientific development. As a result of this, they follow the same old traditional approaches which they have seen being employed by their ancestors. Hence, it can be said that there is a significant difference in western science and non-western science. A study by Hebe Vessuri has pointed the differences among these two different sorts of sciences. She has pointed out that as new nations came into existence, and as new rulers dominated their areas, this brought changes in cultural livings as a reply to Western learning (Green, 2005). West has become very advanced in scientific development, especially in the areas of health. There is no doubt in the fact that the present scientific and technological development in western world is the outcome of historical incidents as well as the cultural states. At some instances, significance has been given to the impact of modern science on western cultures and civilizations, and the benefit is obvious (Jamison, 1994).Western Scientific Paradigm and US SocietyMany people may wonder what Western science exactly is and the answer is not limited to just one approach. Several critics believe that Western science comprises of attributes like nature and knowledge gained from surroundings and experiences. On the other side, some critics may think that this type of scientific system comprises of knowledge of people and systems who are Westerners. There is a third category of critics which is confused whether technological and economical developments are rooted with science. Hence, it will be helpful to first categorize the diverse elements of Western science...

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