Western States And Security Concerns Essay

1577 words - 6 pages

Realism philosophers such as Glaser affirm that, ‘the international system is anarchic –there is not an international authority that can enforce agreements and prevent the use of force’ . This assertion facilitates the analysis and understanding of the role that each state ought to adopt to survive in a world where the lack of authority at the highest level primes. Furthermore, such anarchism promotes the individual strengthening of the states, which in turn, are compelled to accumulate sufficient power to protect their national interests. For example, during the period of the cold war, superpowers such as the United States of America (US) and the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) initiated a long-term run for the world dominance with hegemonic purposes. Finally, the success of the US and the defeat of the USSR allowed testing international relations theories and reconfiguring the world order in terms of power. This essay will analyze why Western states favor the realist approach to address security concerns. The document will present the United States of America (US) as the icon of the modern Western world. In the same way, the content will be examined under the scope of its politics and military power.
To begin with, it is necessary to highlight that one ruling principle of realism supports the argument that, ‘states exist in an international system that is characterized by competition and war’ . This principle helps understanding some of the states’ motivations to preserve their integrity and national interests. At the same time, it permits to comprehend why security is so important when it comes to defending the growth and development of the state. Hence, one might think that under the scope of realism, the state is therefore somewhat individualist since it does not contribute with its fellow states until it has not grown, developed, and reached a secure environment first. On the contrary, it could be said that every state suspiciously considers the existence of the others as potential ‘threats or contenders’.
In terms of International Relations (IR), politics has been a powerful tool to achieve the objectives of the states. Consequently, politics has allowed the interaction of the states in scenarios where the most powerful ones increase their authority and expand their dominance by imposing their will over the weakest ones. Scholars such as Mearsheimer assert that, ‘international politics has always been a ruthless and dangerous business, and it is likely to remain that way’ . Undoubtedly, in the particular case of the US, by means of politics, it has spread its ideology based on altruist principles including peace and freedom and its economic model of capitalism to alienate its followers globally. In fact, the power of US politics has wielded broaden influence in some countries with political restrictions to lead them into more moderate democratic models, or at least, to impede their radicalization against the North...

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