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Western Sub Saharan Africa Essay

986 words - 4 pages

The religion of Islam was introduced to many regions in the time period of 600 CE. Eventually the religion of Islam came to Western sub- Saharan Africa effecting the region greatly. Between 600 and 1450 C.E. ,Western sub-Saharan Africa changed from being a small regional kingdom having relatively local trade with Northern Africa to becoming an expanding empire with extensive trade because of access to Islamic trade routes as a result the introduction of Islam. The presence of the trans- Saharan trade and the existence of the advance form of government, however, stayed the same.
Prior to the introduction of Islam, Western sub-Saharan Africa was a society that had relatively local trade and ...view middle of the document...

They needed to regulate trade to make sure everything was in order and if their was no government to regulate and control the trade then it would be chaotic for merchants to go to the markets to trade.
The introduction of Islam during the eighth century was a turning point for the region of Western sub-Saharan Africa. Islam was introduced to the region of Western sub-Saharan Africa by trade, Sufi missionaries, migration and military conquest. The Umayyad Caliphate had conquered Northern Africa during their conquest to expand. As a result of being under the control of the Umayyad, Northern Africa was connected with the dar-al-Islam. Trade within the Umayyad Dynasty brought Islam to Northern Africa which brought trade to Western sub-Saharan Africa. Trade was very common in the Islamic world because that was a respected and honored career because it is promoted in Islam since the prophet Muhammad was a merchant. Since this was a popular activity, it increased the amount of time it took Islam to reach western Africa.
After the introduction of Islam, Western sub-Saharan Africa was a society that experienced economic growth and formed a more complex government by creating the Empire of Mali. As a result of trade with Northern Africa which was under the rule of the Umayyad, Western sub-Saharan Africa was connected to the dar-al-Islam, and all Islamic trade routes. Due to the fact that Western sub-Saharan Africa was connected to the dar-al-Islam it had access to more trade routes allowing trade to increase. As a result of multi continental trade, gold became high in demand, which means it was sold at a high price which stimulated the economy. Mansa Musa, the emperor of Mali during its golden age had gone on a pilgrimage to Mecca to perform the Hajj. On his way to Mecca he...

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