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Westernand Non Western Divinity Essay

861 words - 4 pages

In more recent years there have been attempts to combine the views and concepts of western and non-western religious philosophies. For example, the Kyoto school of philosophers attempted to combine the phenomenology of Husserl with the insights of Zen Buddhism. Largely, most of the philosophers belonging to this school of thought were heavily influenced by the German philosophers, specifically the works of Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, and Heidegger. In addition, many engaged their cultural resources to help them formulate their philosophy. However, while their work was not specifically religious in nature it was certainly influenced significantly by it. For example, both Tanabe and Keiji Nishitan, who were major names in the Kyoto school of thought, wrote on the common elements shared by Christianity and Buddhism. There have been many other attempts at combining western and non-western ideas of religion, but there still remain some very distinct differences between the two.
Eastern religious philosophy includes the various philosophies of South and East Asia, including Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy, and Korean philosophy. The most notable western religious philosophies include the classical Greek tradition and the Abrahamic religions. To illustrate the main similarities and differences between western and non-western ideas of God and the concept of the ultimate reality I will be comparing and contrasting the basic western religions with those of South and East Asian influence.
One of the biggest differences between the Southeast Asian religious philosophies and western philosophies is how they view their God or Gods and how the interact with the natural world. They usually have very distinct views and how God interacts with the world and the purpose and this interaction has. Western religions are much more widely known for being monotheistic than the eastern religious philosophies. Some of the Western religious traditions have been known to be animistic. Such as, the American author Daniel Quinn. He classifies himself as an animist and he says that animism is not just an aspect of a religion or just a religious belief but that it is a religion itself. Although it has no holy scripture, organized establishments, or recognized dogma. Quinn is known to have said that animism the first worldwide religion, and that it was the common thread among all tribal societies before the start of the Agriculture Revolution. Western religions have also has some sort of pantheistic history, such as the classical Greek Gods. While the Greeks were not necessarily animistic, in that they didn’t believe...

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