Wetlands Essay

1595 words - 6 pages

We chose to research about wetlands because they are very unique and special. Wetlands used to be extremely common during prehistoric times, but now there are only small areas left. Some plants and animals exist only in the wetland biomes, such as the star fruit and water vole. But, as the amount of wetlands decreased, many organisms became endangered and even extinct. We wanted to find out more about what the characteristics of wetlands and what is being done to help the environment.

A wetland is an area where the ground is soaked or underwater for most of the year. Therefore, the ground is soggy and soft for the most part. Marshes and wet meadows are flooded grasslands, swamps are watery forests, and bogs and fens are areas with peat-covered ground. Tidal activity causes the water level of coastal marshes’ to change. Wet meadows are flooded for short periods each year; thus, they have drier soils than most other wetlands. In many large wetland complexes, the different wetlands overlap with each other, and the organisms in the individual wetlands interact with organisms from a neighboring wetland. Wetlands are considered transitional habitats, which is land that is between solid grounds with flowing or standing water. With the moist conditions of wetlands, it is one of the richest habitats on earth.

Wetlands provide many valuable resources, such as “hungry season” food supplies, domestic water and materials for income diversification. People pick different berries to eat from wetlands, as well as moss and wild rice. Wetlands also produce fossil fuels. Wetlands provide essential functions in our environment, such as providing habitats for animals and helping prevent erosion.

Wetlands do not have a characteristic climate because it exists in polar, temperate, and tropical zones, thus, the temperature and amount of rainfall depends on the location. However, most of the wetlands are in temperate zones, which has warm summers and cold winters with no extremes. The wetlands in the tropics are always warm. Wetlands on the Arabian Peninsula can reach 122F. In northeastern Siberia, polar region, it can be as low as -60F. As with temperature, rainfall heavily depends on the location. For example, many places in Europe receive 59 inches of rain annually; Southeast Asia can receive 200 inches per year. The wetlands of northern North America receive 6 inches of rain a year. Because of the great variety of climates, wetlands are hard to define and distinguish.

While a wetland is considered an aquatic biome they still have soil and usually do not have sand. The soil in wetlands are called hydric which means it forms under extremely wet conditions and does not require nearly as much oxygen as normal soils. The soil is also usually made of sands, clay, and silt. The water of a wetland could be freshwater, saltwater, or even brackish water, a mixture of both saltwater and fresh water. The water is relatively still and is normally less than 7 feet...

Find Another Essay On Wetlands

Saving the Ballona Wetlands Essay

2375 words - 10 pages Before development exploded in California, the state contained about 5 million acres of wetland habitat. Unfortunately, over the years California has been willing to part with 91 percent of its wetlands, Southern California having lost 95 percent. Los Angeles County has only one wetland remaining. This being the Ballona Wetlands located between Marina del Rey and the Westchester bluffs, it was once a major part of California’s natural wetland

The Loss of Coastal Wetlands Essay

733 words - 3 pages The Loss of Coastal Wetlands This paper introduces the environmental concerns of the loss of coastal wetlands. The paper will discuss the significance of wetlands and the devastation that is occurring because of human activity. Wetlands are an essential element of our environment both ecological and societal; conservation will be essential for the preservation of these precious ecosystems. Globally coastal wetlands are disappearing at an

Magnetized Wetlands and Acid Mine Drainage

1727 words - 7 pages Magnetized Wetlands and Acid Mine Drainage Acid mine drainage is a problem that affects many states, specifically being an extremely large problem in Pennsylvania. Target ores often contain sulfides, which react with the air and water to form sulfuric acid. Sulfuric acid, being one of the six strong acids, completely dissociates and dissolves harmful metals in the surrounding rock. These harmful metals include arsenic, copper, iron, etc. The

Impact of Global Warming on Coastal Wetlands

1655 words - 7 pages Impact of Global Warming on Coastal Wetlands Professor’s comment: Jane wrote this research paper for my Advanced Composition course. The assignment asks the students to read and understand six to ten articles within a research area of their choice, then synthesize the information so that a reader can quickly understand the present state of research in that area. Jane chose to look at how increased flooding and salinity might affect coastal

The Wetlands Anzali, Boojagh and Miyankaleh Conservation Prioritization

685 words - 3 pages This research has been done for the performance of the rapid assessment method in 3 wetlands, Anzali, Boojagh and Miyankaleh, for the first time in Iran. In this research compilation of Caspian Rapid Assessment Method (CRAM) has been done. This method is derived from Ohio Rapid Assessment Method (ORAM) by some changes in some indexes and eliminating some sub-indexes. These changes are regard to the characteristics of the region Caspian Sea

Living Machines, Constructed Wetlands and Sustainable Water Resources

3517 words - 14 pages Living Machines, Constructed Wetlands and Sustainable Water Resources Thesis: Conventional waste treatment plants, Living Machines and constructed wetlands can all be used for water purification, but only living machines and constructed wetlands will provide the human race with a sustainable future. Introduction Our liquid planet glows like a soft blue sapphire in the hard edged darkness of space. There is nothing else like it in

Wetlands in the United States and the Need for their Conservation

2344 words - 9 pages IntroductionWetlands can be considered the vital link between water and land. The term "wetlands" is actually a collective term for marshes, swamps, bogs, and similar areas found in generally flat vegetated areas, in depressions in the landscape, and between dry land and water along the edges of streams, rivers, lakes, and coastlines. Wetlands can be found in nearly every county and climatic zone in the United States.Because they are so varied

Traditional and Contemporary Management of Homebush Bay Intertidal Wetlands and Great Barrier Reef - Geography - Essay

999 words - 4 pages such as tractors, mass-production and real pollutants arrived. For Australia, this period is defined as when the Aboriginals used the land. We can assess traditional management in the Homebush Bay Intertidal Wetlands (HBIW). The wetlands are the section of land found where the land is inundated with water, occurring between 0-10m in height. The Homebush Bay wetlands are 58ha in size, with mangroves covering 40ha, saltmarsh 10ha and the bird

Can Artificial Drainage of Wetlands Have Detrimental Effects on the Characteristics of the Soil?

1906 words - 8 pages all the wetlands in the United States have been drained for agriculture and other uses such as construction. When the soils are drained the characteristics are drastically changed. This paper is an attempt to describe the changes in artificially drained soils and to consider a few of the consequences of these changes. Body: The physical properties of saturated soils vary somewhat from wetland to wetland but are characterized by certain

Minnesota Wetland Restoration

1996 words - 8 pages Minnesota Wetland Restoration *Missing Works Cited* ".. and from the swamp came the SWAMPTHING! The ugliest, scariest and fowl smelling creature you could ever imagine." This is how many wetlands are perceived: as dank, smell places and breeding grounds for diseases. But that is untrue. Wetlands are a vital and very important part of our environment. In the past 10 years over 10 million acres of wetlands have

Wetland Restoration

1170 words - 5 pages Wetland Restoration Most people think they know a wetland when they see one, but the delineation of wetlands for the purpose of granting permits has proven enormously controversial. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), an area is defined as a wetland when a combination of three technical criteria are met: Wetland hydrology (land that is saturated within 18 inches of the surface for more than seven days per year

Similar Essays

Wetlands Essay

901 words - 4 pages Wetlands "Wetlands" is the collective term for marshes, swamps, bogs, and similar areas. Wetlands are found in flat vegetated areas, in depressions on the landscape, and between water and dry land along the edges of streams, rivers, lakes, and coastlines. Wetland areas can be found in nearly every county and climatic zone in the United States. Inland wetlands receive water from precipitation, ground water and/or surface water. Coastal and

Wetlands Essay

2075 words - 8 pages Wetlands A clear and widely accepted definition of a wetland has yet to be established. Wetlands are of various types and function, and occur in diverse locations, and climates which in part make them difficult to define. Many definitions of a wetland have been posed by different groups and individuals, some of the definitions include: “An area of land that has hydric soil and hydrophytic vegetation, typically flooded for

Controversies Of Draining Wetlands Essay

1853 words - 7 pages Controversies of Draining Wetlands "Johnny, have you got a copy?" The voice came loud and clear over the two-way radio. "Yes, I'm here," answered Johnny, wondering what the worker doing the spring wheat planting wanted - he had just come from filling the planter, so he knew the air seeder wasn't out of seed yet. "Uh, could you bring a long chain to the field you just left? It seems like I can't get as much of

Wetlands Research Paper

6092 words - 24 pages Wetlands      When most people think of wetlands the first thing that will pop into their mind will be visions of swamps and flooded plains. These marshy lands would seem to have no purpose, while in reality they are the most precious form of ecosystem that we have in America. Wetlands contribute to biodiversity, clean water, flood control, and provide a habitat for millions of species of plants and animals. Even