A Look At Justice’s Voting Behavior

1657 words - 7 pages

The United States’ Supreme Court is responsible for making some of the toughest and most influential decisions in the country each and every day. Very often, their decisions affect the many citizens of the nation, whether they are minor, or major. The Supreme Court makes many rulings each year, and many people do not even pay attention to the Court’s decisions. The majority of the population does not even think to question why the Justices vote the way they do, or how they arrive at the decisions they make.
Many political scientists have tried to explain the voting behavior of the Justices in order to determine how they will vote. In my paper, I will take a look into theories behind why the Supreme Court Justices vote the way they do, and the many variables that factor into their decisions. My research question that I will investigate throughout this paper is: What factors play a role in how Supreme Court Justices vote, and does the political party that the Justice affiliates with alter their vote? This research is important because it can help the everyday citizen begin to understand how the highest court in their country votes, ultimately dictating their lives. Understanding the background and voting behaviors of the Justices will also help political scientists be able to make predictions on how certain decisions will come out.
Researchers before me have posed questions regarding the factors that play a part in the decision making of the United States’ Supreme Court Justices. One of the first factors that prior researchers looked at was the background, or upbringing of the Justices. Researcher C. Neal Tate from North Texas State University acknowledged that, “Goldman and Sarat state that this consensus well (1978, p. 374): In general, the background-behavior studies of aggregates of judges have not satisfactorily established clear-cut linkages between most background variables and decision-making” (Tate C. Neal 1981, p. 355). Tate suggested that a Justices background and upbringing does not directly affect the way they vote, but that it may be a minor variable. Political scientists Schubert (1964, p. 446), Grossman (1966, p. 1562), Becker (1970, p.79), and Murphy and Tanenhaus (1972, pp.107-109), “agree that personal attributes have limited explanatory potential because they are only indirect causes of judicial decision making” (Tate C. Neal 1981, p. 355).
Another researcher, “Ulmer (1973b, p. 627) called the “risk of premature closure” in rejecting attempts to explain the voting behavior of Supreme Court justices through the use of judges’ background characteristics or personal attributes” (Tate C. Neal 1981, p. 355). Neal Tate and Roger Handberg found, “The use of what has been called "social background" (Ulmer 1973, 1986) or, more broadly, "personal attribute" (Tate 1981) explanations was in part a matter of necessity or convenience and in part a socialization theory of judicial decision making. Data limitations made it...

Find Another Essay On A Look at Justice’s Voting Behavior

A Look at Bipolar Disorder Essay

1379 words - 6 pages self-esteem; feel overly important, such as thinking they are a queen or messiah. They can even suffer from paranoia. (Torrey and Knable). There are different kinds of bipolar disorder that all include periods of depression and mania. The different types are bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymic disorder, mixed bipolar, and rapid-cycling bipolar disorder. Bipolar I is when a person has at least one manic period in his or her lifetime. People with

A Biological Look at Suicide Essay

2797 words - 11 pages Efficiency Above All: A Biological Look at Suicide "And let me ask you this; the dead, where aren't they?" – Franz Wright, New Yorker Magazine, Oct. 6, 2003 "Dear Mom and Dad," the letter begins benignly, "Thank you for all of your commitment. But I am not a suitable daughter, and you will all be better off without me. Please realize I have done this for your own good." Nothing more. And beside it, Mr. and Mrs. A find their daughter

A Biblical Look At Marriage

1352 words - 5 pages biblical issue. Thus, the article is aimed at proving that conservatives are wrong in maintaining that biblical marriage is between a man and a woman. The article begins by arguing that the Bible does not give any clear pattern of what biblical marriage is really like. The writer seeks to prove her point by discussing the polygamous marriages of the patriarchs. While it is true that no polygamous marriage resulted in an overtly successful union for

A Look at American Poetry

1454 words - 6 pages , etc. All of this information is for practical purposes; we may be able to grasp their lifestyle, however not their soul… a poem can turn this living creature into something majestic; or the total opposite. Behind poetry are experiences: beauty and ugly, customary and weird, good and bad. While I may look at a poem about hunting as beautiful and wonderful, my girlfriend would probably read the same poem and think it was disturbing and

A close look at Cloning

1181 words - 5 pages that the genes in a newborn baby clone could be - say - 30 years old or more on the day of birth. Many attempts at animal cloning produced disfigured monsters with severe abnormalities. So that would mean creating cloned embryos, implanting them and then destroying (presumably) those that look imperfect as they grow in the womb. However some abnormalities may not appear till after birth. A cloned cow recently died several weeks after birth with a

A Look at Jun Kaneko

1172 words - 5 pages and white lines dripping down the surface. The space between these lines creates a hypnotic pattern that the viewer gets sucked into. The third Dango is quite different from the first two in the sense that the lines only run vertically and seemingly disappear into the black background that they are painted on. The fourth Dango is the most eye catching, because of its colorful appearance and intricate lines. When you look at the fourth Dango and

A Closer Look at Character

1176 words - 5 pages English 102A Closer Look at CharacterIn any literay work, it is absolutely essential to have characters, whether major or minor. It is also necessary to develop these characters through out the story. Character development gives the reader insight to the more important meanings or lessons of the story. These lessons are usually brought out by the events that take place within the story. Looking at Guy De Maupassant's piece "The Necklace", we see

A Sociological Look at JAWS

1840 words - 7 pages A Sociological Look at JAWS The movie I choose to review was Jaws, which is one of my favorites and a timeless classic. A traditional story about man against beast takes place on an island that depends on its summer tourist business. When the summer season in threatened by a series of shark attacks three men are sent out to track down a great white shark. The three main (human) characters are Brody (Roy Scheider), the police

A Closer Look at Pain

1183 words - 5 pages PAGE [Type text] [Type text] [Type text] A Closer Look at Pain: ProstaglandinsMost health conditions involve some form of pain, whether it is a toothache or maybe it is as serious as something like cancer. Nevertheless, the sensible thing to do is to depict the cause behind this feeling of pain and find a solution to alleviate it. For centuries, natural remedies have been proven to alleviate pain such as white willow bark (Salix alba) and

A Closer Look at Mimas

1522 words - 6 pages scientists have researched. Mimas shape is not quite big enough to hold a round shape. Mimas is known to be the smallest known astronomical body that is thought to be rounded in shape due to the result of its self-gravitation. Mimas orbits at a range of 115,280 miles from Saturn in a time frame of 22 hours 37 minutes. Mimas’ orbit makes it the closest major moon of all moons of Saturn. Mimas is known to be tidally locked to Saturn and has one side

A First Look At Death

2203 words - 9 pages just thinking Dad." He left it at that and said, "Let's go inside and eat. I'm sure your mother and sister are inside waiting for us." When we got inside, I could see my sister pouring milk for all of us. My mom was in the kitchen finishing up dinner. Usually she would say welcome home to my dad and give him a kiss, but that was not the case today. Instead, all they did was make eye contact and stared at each other. After a few moments of

Similar Essays

A Look At Communication At Hitachi Automotive Products Mgt 331: Organizational Behavior (Provide Example Of Successsful And Unsuccessful Communication Using Process Model.)

956 words - 4 pages A Look at Communication at Hitachi Automotive ProductsIn a successful business organization, one that conducts operations on a global basis, communications is vital to continued viability and strength in a competitive market. This holds especially true at Hitachi Automotive Products, Los Angeles (HAP-LA), with customers, suppliers and contacts that are located in eight countries on four different continents. Most of the time, the communication

Leaders Are Made Or Born? It Is A Look At How Leadership Qualities Come To Be If They Are Acquired In Life Through Learned Behavior Or If They Are Born Into A Person's Personality

2507 words - 10 pages it is a genetic, hereditary or learned behavior. One of the first studies of character, relating to inheritance, was conducted by Sir Francis Galton in 1869. The study of hereditary improvement of the human race through selective breeding, known as Eugenics, was established by Sir Galton. Eugenics is a debatable topic and considered a false science by many. The fact that eugenics was conceived in the 1860s iterates man's desire to understand

Homosexuality Deviance Behavior In Society By Look At Functionalist Perspective

1437 words - 6 pages regulation of population and reproduction is a core imperative of the state. Polities at different levels of development have contradictory desires in this respect. Poorer countries have sought to reduce fertility as this enables women to participate in the labour force, improves public health, and accelerates economic growth. In many advanced economies, fertility dropped below replacement levels during the last third of the twentieth century. To insure

A Look At Adolescent Anxiety Essay

2380 words - 10 pages For most individuals mild anxiety is a frequent occurrence. Human beings experience anxiety in a variety of ways and in various settings, whether it is in the work place, at home, in school, during leisure activities, or just about any other imaginable situation. The difference between a person who experiences routine stress (mild anxiety) and one who is diagnosable with anxiety or an anxiety disorder is the degree to which the person is anxious