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What Are Cardiovascular Diseases Essay

837 words - 4 pages

Cardiovascular disease, also known as heart disease, includes a number of conditions affecting the structures or functions of the heart. They include; coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, and stroke (CDC, 2013). In the United States, CVD is the number one killer in men and women (CDC, 2013), and it is also the cause of disability in American adults. In the U.S. alone, about 62 million people live with some form of heart disease, and about 600,000 people die of heart disease every year (CDC, 2013).
In the state of Maryland, the rate of deaths caused by heart disease in 2009 was about 11,143 (DHMH, 2011), though majority of these deaths were men, the difference between the ...view middle of the document...

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 386.3 deaths per 100,000 were recorded between 2008-2010 among black non Hispanic women living in Maryland, and the rate of death among all race and ethnicity of women in Prince George’s county was 361.3 per 100,000 among women ages 35-60 years (CDC, 2013).
Studies show that more women die from heart disease than men and women perceive that breast cancer is the leading cause of death among women, while heart disease is the leading cause of death among men (Banks, 2008). Heart diseases such as stroke and heart attacks should be taken for granted, and women should always be aware of their heart conditions. The symptoms of heart attack in men and women differ, which is why most women do not acknowledge the signs of heart attack. Some of the symptoms include; a dull, heavy to sharp chest pain or discomfort, pain in the neck/jaw/throat, or pain in the upper abdomen or back (CDC, 2013; DHMH, 2011). In women, heart disease may be silent and diagnosis could be missed until a woman experiences the signs and symptoms of a heart attack, heart failure or a stroke (CDC, 2013).
Heart disease is one of those diseases that can be prevented, but there are certain risk factors that increase a woman’s chance of being affected. Having a high blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol and smoking are key risk factors for heart disease among women...

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