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What Are Psychoactive Drugs? Essay

576 words - 3 pages

Psychoactive drugs affect the brain’s functioning. It causes a change in your mood, behavior, and consciousness. These drugs should be used for disorders, but are also used recreationally. The article What Are Psychoactive Drugs and How Do They Affect Behavior? says, “Research shows that the common reasons for using psychoactive drugs are for personal gratification, like having pleasure; for temporary adaptation, as means to reduce tension, relieve boredom and fatigue, and to momentarily escape from harsh realities; curiosity; and, social pressure, that is, to feel at ease in interacting with others” (General Psychology).
There are four main categories of psychoactive drugs: depressants, ...view middle of the document...

Another stimulate is nicotine. Nicotine increases alertness, sociability, and helps relax. The undesired effects are, “Irritability, raised blood pressure, stomach pains, vomiting, dizziness, cancer, heart disease, [and] emphysema” (Huffman).
Types of opiates include: Heroin, OxyContin, Codeine, and Morphine. Psychology in Actions says that, “Euphoria, "rush" of pleasure, pain relief, sleep, [and] prevention of withdrawal discomfort” (Huffman) are the desired effects. The undesirable effects are “nausea, vomiting, constipation, painful withdrawal, shallow respiration, convulsions, coma, [and] death” (Huffman).
According to the article What Are Psychoactive Drugs and How Do They Affect Behavior?, “Hallucinogens modify perceptions and produce unusual visual images” (General Psychology). Hallucinogens include: LSD, salvia divinorum, psilocybin, and mescaline. The desired effects for these drugs include, “Heightened aesthetic responses, euphoria, mild delusions, hallucinations, [and] distorted perceptions and sensations” (Huffman). The undesired effects are,...

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