This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Are The Risk And Protective Factors For Athletes, In Terms Of Different Types Of Sports And Intensity?

1527 words - 6 pages

There are many scientific papers about eating disorders, possible treatments and possible risk factors. Due to the fact that, for many people with eating disorders, body image, dieting and over exercising is part of their everyday lives, the focus in this study is on sportswomen- and men.(1)⁠ In addition, the worldwide prevalence of eating disorders among athletes, 0-19% for men, and 6-45% for women, is higher than the prevalence within the general population.(1)⁠ The focus of this study however, lies on the Dutch population. According to the Trimbos Institute, the presence of an eating disorder at some point in time for Dutch civilians is 0.7%.(2)⁠ However, no specific prevalence numbers are available for the Dutch athlete population.

The development and existence of some kind of eating disorder is harmful for body functions and mental health; a lack of energy availability, menstrual dysfunction, persisting psychological distress and even death.(3)⁠⁠There is a lot of discrepancy within literature whether an active sports-life can protect people from developing an eating disorder, or that the practice of (different types of) sports increase the risk of having this serious condition. (4)⁠ Besides, eating disorders among athletes can be more veiled because they do not necessarily fit the standards for people with an eating disorder.(5)

Different types of eating disorders can be distinguished according to the DSM V(6) which are stated here below:⁠

Anorexia Nervosa:
“Anorexia nervosa, which primarily affects adolescent girls and young women, is characterized by distorted body image and excessive dieting that leads to severe weight loss with a pathological fear of becoming fat. The criteria have several minor but important changes: Criterion A focuses on behaviors, like restricting calorie intake, and no longer includes the word “refusal” in terms of weight maintenance since that implies intention on the part of the patient and can be difficult to assess. The DSM-IV Criterion D requiring amenorrhea, or the absence of at least three menstrual cycles, will be deleted. This criterion cannot be applied to males, pre-menarchal females, females taking oral contraceptives and post-menopausal females. In some cases, individuals exhibit all other symptoms and signs of anorexia nervosa but still report some menstrual activity.”

Binge eating Disorder:
“Binge eating disorder is defined as recurring episodes of eating significantly more food in a short period of time than most people would eat under similar circumstances, with episodes marked by feelings of lack of control. Someone with binge eating disorder may eat too quickly, even when he or she is not hungry. The person may have feelings of guilt, embarrassment, or disgust and may binge eat alone to hide the behavior. This disorder is associated with marked distress and occurs, on average, at least once a week over three months.”

“Bulimia nervosa is characterized by frequent...

Find Another Essay On What Are the Risk and Protective Factors for Athletes, in Terms of Different Types of Sports and Intensity?

Organizational behavior. In studying motivation we are interested in understanding why people choose to do certain things rather than others,and also why different people put different amounts of...

3051 words - 12 pages the other hand,are external to the person.In studying motivation we are interested in understanding why people choose to do certain things rather than others,and also why different people put different amounts of effort or intensity into the activities they engage in.Attitudes:An attitude refers to the way a person feels about and is disposed towards some "object".Attitudes are relevant to our understanding of individual motivation and behavior

Love in Twelfth Night - Essay topic: There are many different lovers and many types of love in this play. Who suffers most for love in Twelfth Night?

1023 words - 4 pages Twelfth night, written by Shakespeare, is a romantic comedy, and of course, it is obvious that many types of love appear in the play. Different types of love are portrayed in the play with some gender confusion and some confused lovers as well, and even more complex with the "love triangle". But if "who suffers most for love" had to be pinpointed, it would be Viola. Other characters such as Malvolio, Olivia and Orsino have also suffered from

College Sports are Major Benfactor for Colleges and Athletes Should Be Paid

1021 words - 5 pages sports bring. This business will always be vibrant, and it is one that will not fall for a long time; especially in this nation. There is an enormous income because of it. The athletes that risk their physical health, that take up many of hours of their day, and put in the hours of hard work do not get what they truly deserve. D1 athletes deserve a pay for their full-time jobs because of the income they generate.

quick assignment on the digestive system and how the different types of foods eg protein,carbohydrates ect are broken down in the body

986 words - 4 pages in the mouth with the teeth crushing the large pieces into smaller particles. Both these types are digested in the large intestine. Good bacteria break down the different types of fibre producing fatty acids in the process. This process is called chemical digestion. The fatty acids have more important jobs such as providing energy for cells in the colon and stimulating nerves and muscles of the colon. Soluble fibres are entirely digested by

This essay is about the different types of volcanoes and how they are made. Includes a works cited page

1192 words - 5 pages rock are blasted high into the air. Only a few spectacular eruptions are so violent that they blown the mountain apart.People for thousands of years have been fascinated by the spectacle of volcanic eruptions and terrified of their power. Some of these eruptions have caused some of the worst disasters in history, by wiping out entire towns and killing thousands of people. The word volcano comes from the term Vulcan, which was a name the ancient

Are Sports Drinks Better for Athletes than Water?

877 words - 4 pages help football players re-hydrate after workouts, due to the humid temperatures in Florida. Sports drinks were created, to tailor for elite athletes, who were sweating significantly and training for long periods of time. (, 2012) Sports drinks today claim to be necessary for all types of workouts, either at high or low intensity. ‘Marketplace’ formed a group of recreational runners, to test how necessary sports drinks were for

"Three Kinds of Books to Read" tells about three different types of books that are most read. They are fiction, nonfiction and poetry

993 words - 4 pages now. The reader can also learn how the style in houses has changed and even the differences in what types of plants were planted most commonly years ago and now. These types of stories can give the reader an idea of what it would be like to live in a different time or place. There are many different things that can be learned by reading this type of book, and many subjects that fall under this topic (nonfiction) from autobiographies to the history

A risk-benefit analysis of atypical antipsychotics clearly indicates that they are superior to the first generation antipsychotics both in terms o

3448 words - 14 pages Atypical or second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are generally replacing first generation antipsychotics (FGAs) in the treatment of schizophrenia. This report reviews the literature to report on the risk/benefit differences between the two groups. In terms of efficacy the literature is mixed; some studies report that the two groups have similar efficacy across the three main schizophrenic symptoms, or at least no clear advantage with SGAs

College Sports - Todays Athletes are Privileged Perverts, Rapists, Thieves, and Liars

3208 words - 13 pages College Athletes - Privileged Perverts, Rapists, Thieves, Frauds, and Liars   In America today athletic events play an important role in the reflective perception and financial standing of any given community. It is for this reason that the individuals involved in these events are also of significance to the community. Due to the esteemed and very influential role placed on athletes they are often times given privileges that would not

Insulation: types of insulation products availiable and also gives pros and cons in terms of the environment for each type

1269 words - 5 pages insulating your home, you can also save 30% on your heating and cooling bill.There are four main types of insulation - batts or rolls, loose fill, rigid foam boards, and contractor applied foam. All different types are made to fit in a different area of the home. Batts are made to be placed between studs in the wall. They are also placed between the rafters of your ceiling or floor. Batts are usually made with fiberglass (made from sand and

Extreme Sports And The Concept Of Risk

938 words - 4 pages minimize stress and proves to be more peaceful, calm and relaxing. That is true, however, this can also be achieved as a result of taking a risk, as stated in the quote "The greater the adrenaline shock that I can put to the system -- the brain, the body and the endorphin rush that comes in post-adrenaline rush -- is what gets them the most relaxation and calm." claims another quote from the Autism Extreme Sports Camp article. In my opinion, this

Similar Essays

The Different Types Of Sports Essay

620 words - 2 pages , mind skills and much more. There are so many sports available in the world nowadays, but we can categorize them by the numbers of players, the three main categories are individual sport, dual sport and team sport. The first category of sports is individual sports, in which a person can play alone if he/she does not have any partner. For example, auto racing, tent pegging, golf, fishing, skating, skiing, swimming, martial arts and cycling

What Market Factors Led To The Development Of Automobiles, And How Are Those Factors Different Today?

1845 words - 7 pages factors that have lead to the advancements of the automobile were the population's need for vehicular speed, durability, demand, and affordability. These factors still influence present advancements of automobiles, but as our population grew new factors came into play. People are now more concerned with safety, fuel efficacy, and cleaner environmental options.There were more than just a few other advancements in the 1950's. Automobiles were equipped

"Epilepsy", What Is Epilepsy, How Does One Get Epilepsy, What Are The Different Types Of Epilpsy, And What Are The Causes

979 words - 4 pages conditions. An interesting fact about epilepsy is that in over 70 percent of the cases no cause has been identified. Did you know that about 1 percent of the world population, or over 2 million people, are diagnosed with epilepsy (Epilepsy Foundation)?Types and causes of Seizures:A person has a seizure when there is an abnormal discharge of electrical energy in certain brain cells. The discharge spreads to nearby cells, and the effect may be loss

Diabetes: Types, Risk Factors And Treatments

729 words - 3 pages ). Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells for the body to use for energy. In order to have a better understanding of diabetes, it is important to know the types, risk factors and treatments.To begin with, there are actually three different types of diabetes. Type 1 and Type 2 are the most common. Gestational diabetes, which is only diagnosed during pregnancy, will not be discussed here. The clinical