This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Are The Main Ways In Which Groups Of People Draw Distinctions Between Themselves And Other Groups Of People?

1570 words - 6 pages

There are many different ways in which groups of people draw distinctions between themselves and other groups of people. Throughout my essay I am going to look at the factors that allow these distinctions to be made and how they are made. The general term used to describe the way in which groups of people draw distinctions between themselves and other groups of people is called 'social stratification'. "Sociologists use the concept social stratification to refer to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy." According to Macionis and Plummer, social stratification has four basic principles. The first of these principles is "Social stratification is a characteristic of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences", the second is "social stratification persists over generations", the third principle is "social stratification is universal but variable" and the final principal is "social stratification is not just inequality but beliefs. I will delve further into these principals throughout my essay. There are two opposing standards when describing social stratification. They are 'closed systems' which allow for little change, and 'open systems', which allow for social mobility. "Each society has social layer, or strata which are demarcated more or less sharply from one another." This can be a way in which people draw distinctions between each other. Groups of people draw distinctions between themselves and other groups of people through things such as social and economic positions, power, prestige, gender, ethnicity, age, disabilities etc. Plummer states that these differences, or inequalities, are hierarchies which are known as 'social and economic stratification', 'gender stratification', 'ethnic stratification' and 'age stratification' I will discuss all of these further in my essayIn this paragraph I will be explaining the different systems of social and economic stratification. Slavery, caste, estate and class are the systems and this will show the way in which different classes or groups of people draw distinctions from those who are richer or poorer than them. Plummer describes the slavery system as "a form of social stratification in which people are owned by others as a property" Although slavery no longer exists in its classical examples it still exists as forced labour. These people are seen as lesser human beings and thus distinctions are drawn between them and richer people."A caste system amounts to social stratification based on ascription" It is a closed system as ones social destiny is decided at birth alone. Caste systems are typical of agrarian societies. India is an example of a caste system known as 'varna'. "Members of the lower class castes are predominantly poorer than those higher up in caste system." Apartheid in Africa is also a good example of a caste system. Caste systems draw distinctions between members of the caste and outsiders. "Traditional groups are linked to occupation"...

Find Another Essay On What are the main ways in which groups of people draw distinctions between themselves and other groups of people?

Think of a situation you have encountered or have heard of in which there were in-groups and out-groups

671 words - 3 pages everyone's way of being within each group. Within the "in-group and out-group" there is evidence of groupthink. For instance, the illusion of invulnerability, once in the group nothing can go wrong for you.Some traits that account for the groups falling into each category from what I have seen are, (Groupthink Revisited: Communities of Practice, In-groups, Out-groups, and the Space Between):In-groups:All members have something in common and know

Consequences of Inequality and the Ways in Which are Reproduced

681 words - 3 pages inequality. They have shown that one of the ways in which groups achieve power is by maintaining formal and informal systems of social closure. Formal systems include legal barriers to entry such as occupational restrictions, while informal systems involve less explicit, but powerful forms of discrimination. An example of what Weber is talking about is the link between some elite universities and elite private fee paying schools. Such private schools

"Great Expectations" By Charles Dickins: The ways in which Dickens creates effective images of people and places

1735 words - 7 pages IntroductionIn this essay I will explore the ways in which Dickens creates effective images of people and places in chapter 1 and 8. Great expectations is a novel about an orphaned boy named Phillip Pirrip (Pip) who is being raised by his sister and her husband who's a blacksmith. One christmas eve he encounters an escaped convict in the village churchyard who scares him into stealing food for him and a file to grind away his leg shackle. Pips

"In What ways and to what extent were the lives of the British people affected by the first world war?"

1340 words - 5 pages "In What ways and to what extent were the lives of the British people affected by the first world war?"The first world war began when Germany invaded Poland and during this war many things took place such as recruitment, conscription and objection, propaganda which is where people were influenced by the things around them, shortages and restrictions which was mainly rationing and women and the parts they played in the first world war.There were

To what extent and in what ways are people ?fixed? and ?open to change??

1561 words - 6 pages important role in shaping people’s cognitive abilities, e.g. a person’s social interactions. John Bowlby, for example, drew on previous research on the significance of the influence of parents or other care-takers during childhood on human development. He believed that there are consistent connections between infancy and adulthood in how individuals transact in their environment. His concept, which is embedded within the “attachment theory”, states

Ways in Which the Media Has Desensitized People to Violence

825 words - 3 pages it is hard to understand how to cope with a death when you have used death for entertainment for so long. There are certainly other ways that the media has desensitized people to violence, I have only scratched the surface of this question. Yet, I believe that is necessary that someone looks into it deeper, because if not we are still in the predicament of making light of death and life itself. Something has to change where next time a see a violent scene with other teenagers, they would look away or something in them would click that what they are viewing is right, that they would stop just staring right back at the screen.

Differences Between Groups and Teams in Organizations

1133 words - 5 pages another even though they are different. This paper is an attempt to understand the differences between groups and teams, the reasons for such an existence, and the importance of understanding this difference, before drawing conclusions from the analysis. Groups and Teams: Similarities and differences A group is defined in many ways. For instance, Turner (1982, p.15 in Forsyth, 2005, p.4) defines a group as “two or more people who perceive

What are the concerns regarding the consequences of the ways in which citizens become informed online?

1426 words - 6 pages This leads to a fragmented public which is “...widely predicted to be harmful to the quality of democracy (e.g. Katz 1996)” (Tewksbury and Rittenberg, 2012:171). This ties in with what Wurff, (2008), mentions about who can fully take advantage of the vast resources available online. He states that individuals that are interested in gaining information and those that posses the skills to take advantage of the internet, can get high quality

How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of

1343 words - 5 pages How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of In this essay I will be aiming to explain how separatist groups have had little success at gaining autonomy from the country which they are currently part of. Autonomy is the right to self government and therefore in my case study of the Basques I will assess whether they have in my opinion been able to

Are homosexual people ostracized in the contemporary life of Brisbane and does this cause social segregation between gay and straight people?

3679 words - 15 pages discomfort with Brisbane. She finds that she has never been discriminated against but that Brisbane is not an accepting City. In this way Ms Polly disproves the first part of my hypothesis which states that homosexuals are openly accepted in Brisbane. She does however prove that there is segregation between homosexual and heterosexual people when she replies 'we all hang out at different places' (Appendix A).Interviewee B (see Appendix 2

Let People Sell Themselves

1659 words - 7 pages this needs to get passed in the near future, so that no more innocent people die. When people are waiting for their organ more people die than who get their organ. On a 2010 list, 34,000 people were on the list and only 17,000 people actually got their organ ("Why Selling Kidney..."). In Richmond, VA there is a company called the United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) which is responsible for the waiting lists. They are open twenty-four hours

Similar Essays

Spread Of Christianity Among People Groups

1772 words - 7 pages of Egypt were among two groups, as Gonzalez notes. One was grown into the mainstream Greco-Roman culture and the other among the Copts, people of ancient Egyptian heritage.(1, p261,262) The Orthodox East Another Region, which Gonzalez documents, is in the Balkan mountains and surrounding areas of Slavic occupation. These include Moravia and Crimea and were part of the Eastern Orthodox Church. One King Rostislav of Moravia speaks of his

The Negative Effects Of Making Generalizations About Groups Of People

752 words - 3 pages separate in such a society. In fact, work and family can never really be completely separate because if anything goes wrong on the job it can easily affect the family no matter what social class they belong to. Overall, generalizations of groups such as the upper-class, middle-class, and working-class are present everywhere in the world now-a-days. Such generalizations are completely useless and simply a waste of time. If we judge a group of people

What Are Groups? Essay

1520 words - 6 pages to Race (2007) the above transferable skills can only be learnt from, and with, other people. Humans are social beings, thus individual learning is seen as a cultural process of participation as a group member interacting and socialising with each other (Maiden and Perry, 2011). Learners were tasked to design a module in groups of five or six in LTM113. Tuckman’s Model (TM) of group development will be used to discuss how GW is employed as

This Is An Essay About People, Groups, And Government Actions Which Aided Canada's Minority Groups From 1960 1980

1730 words - 7 pages concerns made for increasing consideration of Natives in Canada as a whole.B. The second criterion being covered in this essay will be differentgroups which fought for minority rights for each of their minority groups. The groups are as follows: The National Action Committee who were a powerful voice in the women's movement, and pushed for implementation of various acts to help gain equality among women in Canada, the Front de Libération Queb