What Are The Effects Of Cocaine?

1531 words - 6 pages

Cocaine is a purified extract from the leaves of the Erythroxylum coca bush. The plant grows in the Andes region in South America. There are two forms in which cocaine comes in powdered cocaine, and crack cocaine. Powdered cocaine dissolves in water, and users can snort or inject it.(Goldberg) Crack cocaine is what is commonly known as “crack” or “rock” on the streets; It is made by a chemical process that leaves cocaine in its freebase form which a user can smoke.(Goldberg) Cocaine has many different effects on the user depending on the method of delivery.
There are three different methods a user can deliver cocaine to his body. Those three methods are by snorting powdered cocaine, injecting powdered cocaine, or smoking crack cocaine. Snorting it damages the nose and sinuses, and regular use can cause nasal perforation.(Goldberg) Injecting it can bring out severe allergic reactions and increased risk for contracting HIV and other blood-borne diseases.(Cocaine and Crack) Smoking crack cocaine can irritate the lungs and in some people it can even cause permanent lung damage.(Goldberg) The faster the cocaine is absorbed, the more intense the high will be.(Cocaine)
Cocaine can be a very addicting drug for users. Since cocaine taps into the brain's reward system, users begin to crave more of it to experience the same pleasure again.(Cocaine-Physical Effects) Users who fall prey to it have long-term and life threatening consequences.(Goldberg) Also, compulsive cocaine use may develop faster if the cocaine is smoked rather than snorted or injected.(Cocaine) Some researches did a couple of test on lab mice, to see how fast they would become addicted to it. After one dose of cocaine, researchers found substantial growth of new dendritic spines, which are “tiny, twig-like structures that connect neurons and form the nodes of the brains circuit wiring. These new dendritic spines rewired the brain to seek cocaine.(Wilkey) Once addicted to the drug some people have cocaine binges, which is where they take the drug repetitively over several hours or days. After that binge comes the ‘crash’ were the user feels intensely depressed, lethargy and hunger.(Cocaine-Problems) Lethargy is when you feel lack of energy and lack of enthusiasm as well.
Cocaine affects the users feelings and behavior. Even when taken in small amounts it usually makes the user feel euphoric, energetic, talkative and mentally alert.(Cocaine) When someone is feeling euphoric they are intensely happy and excited. A user that is mentally alert is very aware of his external surroundings and is also aware of why they or someone else did or said something. Also, a cocaine user is especially mentally alert to the sensation of sight, sound and touch. Cocaine can cause the user to have bizarre or very violent behavior.
The brain is also very affected by the use of cocaine. When using cocaine the rush that the user experiences is the receptors in the brain being flooded with...

Find Another Essay On What are the effects of Cocaine?

Criminological Theories Explaining Behaviors of The Cocaine Kids

1584 words - 6 pages The Cocaine Kids: The Inside Story of a Teenage Drug Ring is an intriguing narrative of the experiences Terry Williams witnessed first hand while observing the lives of “The Kids” and their involvement in the cocaine trade. Throughout this piece, there are numerous behaviors displayed by the drug dealers that are each examples of and can be attributed to well-defined criminological theories. This paper will explore how such criminological

The Price of Coca How has the Cocaine Industry affected Bolivia's Economy?

544 words - 2 pages in Bolivia is drug dysfunction drama on a national level, a vicious circle of dependence and half-hearted attempts at rehabilitation. In 1986, Bolivia was the world's largest supplier of coca, the raw ingredient in cocaine. Bolivia also had the worst inflation. Today, Bolivia is one of the poorest ountries in South America. Columbia and Peru are the big coca producers now. This situation is the result of the United States'$1.3 billion dollar

what are the effects of abuse

773 words - 4 pages   About 30% of abused and neglected children will later abuse their own children. All because the mother or father of that child abused them, creating a dreadful cycle that continues on and on. That is only one side-effect of abuse, so what are some of the others? What are the (long and short term) effects of abuse?   Physical effects are the most noticeable effects left by abuse. In the movie A Childs Cry For Help directed by Sander Stern, the

What Are the Effects of Acid Rain?

2667 words - 11 pages not readily escape from acid damage. Acid rain has become a big problem all over the world. What follows are the essential effects of acid rain.First of all, it may happen that soil becomes acidic during the development of forest soil. Gradual dissolution of decaying leaves, continuous activities of microorganisms, and weathering of acid minerals for months and years, are the factors which make soil become acidic. In the natural world, soil

What Are the Side-Effects of Using Kratom?

741 words - 3 pages Kratom is the latest go-to, gray market drug for teens and others seeking a 'legal' high. Chronic pain patients are also reporting Kratom as a viable substitute for opiates. As it is thought to bind to the brain's opiate receptors, could the herb prove to the next latest-greatest alternative to narcotics? This remains to be seen, but some of what we are seeing is not altogether warm and cozy. While most plant therapies carry few, if any

What are the Positive and Negative Effects of Alcohol?

2225 words - 9 pages . It has been proven that alcohol can affect almost all parts of the body, whether it is over an extended period of time or over a short period of time; especially to the heart, brain and liver. Although the negative effects do out number the positive effects, if one generally drinks responsibly and does not over consume, then one will normally see only positive effects of alcohol.Bibliography:Luks, Allan and Joseph Barbato. You Are What You

What are the Effects of Acid Rain on Germination?

1242 words - 5 pages What are the Effects of Acid Rain on Germination What are the Effects of Acid Rain on Germination? PURPOSE The purpose of this experiment was to determine the effect� of acid on seed germination. I became interested in this idea because I know that� acid rain is becoming� a factor in pollution around the world.� I know this from books I've studied and news articles I�ve read. The information gained from this experiment may

What are the Effects of Modern Technology on Relationships?

1671 words - 7 pages . There are various methods in which these relationships are established and these continue to evolve with the development of technology. What role, then, does modern technology play in todays’ relationships? In order to understand the role of modern technology on relationships, it is essential to note that there are many types of relationships mainly formal and informal. Formal relationships are those that require some form of distinctive duty and

What are the effects of sin on an unredeemed person?

1609 words - 6 pages reason that sin is ubiquitous and that mere mortals are incapable of overcoming it. Only a divine Being can conquer sin and its ravages. What are the effects of sin on an unredeemed human being? First, the unredeemed have no hope for the future. Their tomorrows seem confused to them because all they really have is the here and now. They view their tomorrows by contrasting them to yesterdays. A Christian looks at the rest of their eternal

What are the Effects of Social Networking on Today’s Society?

1740 words - 7 pages so widely popular because it was the best new way to share and communicate with people who share a similar lifestyle, and want to compare interests on a political or economic scale. Facebook and other social networking are rapidly becoming the object of research. Scholars in many different areas are beginning to investigate the effects of these sites, investigating how such sites might have an impact on issues of identity, privacy, and education

Cash Crops: The Devastation of Latin America. L.A.contains two valuable commodities,one being cocaine,and sugar, the people will continue to suffer due to the lack of distribution of wealth

1118 words - 4 pages dare not press too strongly. Drug lords continually wage wars on governments for assaults on their cartels. Cracking down on cocaine in one are only causes it to appear in another.'You believe perhaps, gentlemen,' said Karl Marx in 1848,'that the production of coffee and sugar is the natural destiny of the West Indies. Two centuries ago, nature, which does not trouble herself about commerce, had planted neither sugarcane nor cof-fee tree there

Similar Essays

Mind Over Matter: The Effects Of Cocaine

679 words - 3 pages Coca plants may be just a plant. However, coca contains a popular and much known element that is extracted from its leaves and traced back many decades ago. An element that is manipulated and can be transformed into a mind altering, euphoric, and abused substance. The effects of Cocaine are not only to the body, but our main control center, the Central Nervous system. Whether snorted or smoked cocaine’s psychoactive effects are known to be

Prenatal Effects Of Cocaine Exposure Essay

1710 words - 7 pages In the past it had been thought that prenatal cocaine exposure has severely harmful effects on all aspects of mental functioning, however, recent studies have shown that this exposure does not have as bleak and far reaching negative effects as was previously thought. Recently researchers have pinpointed certain aspects of mental functioning which seem to be altered by this prenatal exposure. One of these mental areas is that of selective

The Effects Of Prenatal Cocaine Exposure On Cognitive Development

1667 words - 7 pages cocaine use and are thought to be responsible for a vasospasm (sudden constriction of a blood vessel) in the uterine blood vessels that causes placental separation (Deering, 2004). Along with this possible condition resulting from cocaine abuse during pregnancy, one could imagine what other affects cocaine has on the fetus during its critical periods of development. Prenatal cocaine exposure is linked to many risk factors, one of which is

A Research Paper On Cocaine, And Its Effects On The User.

1483 words - 6 pages . Research studies done in 1999 showed cocaine is used by over 3.7 million Americans 12 years old and over, with the highest rate among people 18 and 25 years of age. The use among people 35 years and older also continues to rise (www.cocaine.org).The effects of cocaine depend on the route of administration, the amount of consumption, the user's past experience, and the circumstances under which its taken. The major routes of administration are snorting