This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Attitudes Towards The Roman Games Did The Ancient Writers Express? How Would You Account For These Differences And Similarities Between These Attitudes ?

905 words - 4 pages

The attitudes towards the Roman games expressed by the ancient writers varied enormously between different individuals. What follows is a look at some of the attitudes expressed by writers contemporary to the games and how and why these attitudes differ. The games took place in Rome and the wider empire from around 264bce till around 450ce. They could be elaborate and ritualistic involving the death of hundreds of men and animals at any one time. It is also worth pointing out that the games upheld the traditional Roman values of strength/courage, training/discipline , firmness , endurance , contempt of death , love of glory , and the desire to win . All of these values were considered important in such a militaristic society.Marcus Valerius Martialis (40-103 Ce) gives us a clear indication of his attitude towards these values in his Martial Epigrams . He uses the example of the re-enactment of Pasiphae mating with the Dictean bull as proof of the original event having taken place. He writes 'Believe that Pasiphae was mated to the Dictaen Bull; we have seen it the old legend has won credence'. In another of his Epigrams he tells of a tigress that fiercely tears at a lion.By stating she has increased her ferocity and was now capable of acts she would not have dared commit in the wild he is telling us that the tigress has benefited from the games and is exemplifying the values of strength and a desire to win.Statius (40-96ce) also tells of a lion who exemplifies the Roman values of strength and valor. In his work Silvae he describes how a tamed lion enters the arena for his final fight. The lion is again is compared to a brave human warrior who in his final fatal moments continues to fight his foe thus providing the spectator with an example of heroism and courage. Both of these attributes were highly thought of and valued in ancient Rome. The games provided a perfect means of showing these sought after values not only as means of entertainment but also as in the case of Pasiphae and the Bull, as a means of historical re-enactment.However, not everyone however regarded the games as a way of providing such quality entertainment. By comparison, in one of his letters Seneca discloses to the reader how the games lowered the moral character of those who witnessed them. Where Seneca was looking for entertainment at the games he found nothing but 'sheer butchery'. It was the witnessing of this sheer butchery that according to Seneca made the spectator more cruel and inhuman. He explains that associating with crowds in the arena is dangerous and that...

Find Another Essay On What attitudes towards the Roman games did the ancient writers express? How would you account for these differences and similarities between these attitudes ?

What are the differences between knowledge and Belief? How do these apply to claims about existence of objects?

1361 words - 5 pages exists because scientific testing proves it! I may believe that God exists, but not in the physical sense, therefore God would be farther down in my hierarchal 'rankings' for existence, as he is not existing physically. Can such things as tables, chairs and trees be doubted to exist? Descartes says yes, he is a 'sceptic.' "How do I know what I know?" One would say we know this by using our senses and observations, but Descartes disagrees, he

The Attitudes Towards Violence and Guns

1653 words - 7 pages guns was an unhealthy misguided attitude (Sharpio,1998). Theoretically, the premise of Attitudes Towards Guns and Violence is based on the social learning theory by Bandura. Bandura (1977) felt behaviors were developed by the way it was modeled around us (Bandura, 1977). When a person thinks about a violent exposure and attitudes concerning violence it would suggest that being the victim and watching the violence can affect the

Examine how young Cathy, Hareton, and Linton compare and contrast with Catherine, Heathcliff, and Edgar in Wuthering Heights? What differences and similarities do you find between these two...

595 words - 2 pages generation. Therefore, both similarities and disparities exist between two generations and I will examine them with eyes on younger characters, one by one, in this essay.Cathy resembles her mother Catherine in a saucy, headstrong and passionate way, but she, tempered by her father Edgar, who has raised her since Catherine died when giving birth to her, is more compassionate and gentle than Catherine. The author Emily Bronte shows Cathy's combined

The Differences in Attitudes of Parents Towards Attributes Required for Marriage

1952 words - 8 pages The study is to find, ‘The Differences in Attitudes of parents towards Attributes required for Marriage’. In the recent years, as we all can see, there are a lot of divorce issues, separation of the couples etc. The researcher’s interest on this study is mainly to concentrate to know the various attributes that will require for marriage and henceforth to lead a happy married life, thus to reduce the divorce rates. The researcher here is

What were the fascist aims and methods used towards women and why did these aims often fail? Discuss

1090 words - 4 pages continued to think for themselves and remained determined to create their own lives as indicated in the survey in 1937. The wives and daughters of fascist officials did not conform to the fascist ideals like they would be supposed to in order to create and example. There were many contradictions in the policy itself like in the fascist attitude to sports and the agricultural sector of employment. Also, despite all efforts, the birth rate actually fell during the fascist regime. In all, The fascist policy towards women was not very successful.Bibliography: Evans, Hite and Hinton

Outline the main differences between Civil and Criminal Law in Scotland and describe how these differences operate

899 words - 4 pages Introduction It is relatively often that people can find it difficult to differentiate between the two main divisions of the Scottish legal system and fully understand their characteristics. This assignment will explore the key differences between criminal and civil law in Scotland by delivering insight into the complexities of the court systems, procedures and disputes considered in both branches of Scots Law. The Basic Distinction Civil law

How relevant (to her audience) are the statements that Pink makes about the values and attitudes in society? How does she communicate these statements?

1154 words - 5 pages Girls' Pink uses first person to express her statement in the line 'I don't need the world to validate me'. By making this powerful statement while in first person, Pink is creating a close relationship between her and her audience of young women and then using a didactic approach to preach her statement.Similarly, in the song 'U and Ur Hand', Pink employs the technique of first person. In the line "I was fine before you walked into my life" Pink

What are the differences between electrical cars and petrol/diesel fueled around the world? How can everyday life in a city be affected by these?

1803 words - 7 pages vacuum pump for the breaks. But what are the differences between this fascinating modern car and the petrol car?Clearly, the biggest difference between these two cars is that one uses up petrol or diesel whilst the other one uses electricity. Nevertheless, these two cars have other huge differences regarding other issues rather than the motor which are sometimes passed unnoticed. Talking about the petrol car, these give off particles of CO2 into

How the Media Changes People’s Attitudes Towards Mental Health

2260 words - 9 pages ‘reliable’ source. Newspaper companies such as ‘The Sun’ and ‘The Daily Mail’ pay extortionate prices in order to obtain front page stories from paparazzi so they can publish them in their papers resulting more profit for the companies as more individuals buy the papers. The media are able to shape the public’s opinions based on how they present their stories. An example of this would be the attack on the Twin Towers, 'following the 9/11 terrorism

LOTF Reasoning For The Change In Attitudes Towards Savagery

856 words - 3 pages real sense. I have realised that this is about survival and that I must adapt to my surroundings. I have found another survivor of the crash, a fat boy of my own age, surely he will be of no good to our survival? But we must, in these conditions settle for what we have. Having had an intense conversation with this other boy , I have realised that he has a wide knowledge and unlike me seems to be a realist (as when I said that the pilot

Asnwer these Questions: Define "defense-in-depth" and "barbarization." In your opinion, what role did both of these, as incorporated into the Roman army, have on the fall of the Western Roman Empire?

686 words - 3 pages rather, the execution of the strategy. For example, the drastic decline in the emperor's ability to conjure and commit military forces to the frontiers and once committed the lack of trained, disciplined, and shock (via psychologically--the Roman armies had been consistently defeated in skirmishes between the late third and early firth centuries) infantry made the overall basics of the defense-in-depth null and void. The strategy was also further

Similar Essays

How Have Social Psychologists Theorised The Relationship Between Attitudes & Behaviour, And How Successful Have These Been?

1391 words - 6 pages Psychologists have theorised the relationship between attitudes and behaviour, evaluating how successful they have been. This essay will focus specifically on evaluating the theories of cognitive dissonance (Festinger 1957), planned behaviour (Ajzen 1991) and the tripartite model of attitude (Rosenberg and Hovland 1960).It seems common sense to think that someone's attitude to something would influence their behaviour. For example, someone who did

Account For Changes In British Policy Towards Ireland Between 1914 And 1922. Why Did These Changes Fail To Satisfy The People Of Ireland?

2218 words - 9 pages Britain's policies towards Ireland between 1914 and 1922 have gone through much change and continuity. Most of the Policies and attitudes the British Government either had or did not have at the time caused much conflict within Ireland and its citizens and against England.The Primary cause of this conflict was the Home Rule situation, both the Catholics and the Protestants generally agreed that Ulster should be separated from a self governing

How Do You Account For The Prejudiced Attitudes Found In Some Localities Towards People With Mental Health Problems And How Might Such Prejudice Be Countered (Opposed/Retaliated Against)?

951 words - 4 pages The media have long since published articles and aired adverts which have been discriminating and predujiced towards the mentally ill, these have frequently been negative and alarming images that have been designed to shock.These stories are usually always based on hearsay with frightening and shocking context, and no input from the person or persons involved.These articles cannot fail to influence the public's attitudes, beliefs fears and

"Explore The Attitudes To Death And The Afterlife Presented In These Poems. How Do The Writers Effectively Present Their Views To The Reader?"

1237 words - 5 pages isn’t noticeable in the poem as it is very tightly structured and the rhyme is perfect and what the rhyme does do is create a solemnness. From the poem you can immediately tell that he feels that he has wasted his life; for example the connectives he repeats for each line; either “but”, “and yet”, or “and now”, especially in the line “And now I live, and now my life is done,”. The “buts” and