What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1483 words - 6 pages

Theories are unproven hypotheses that serve as explanations for observations and events, so they must have a way of convincing people that they are true. A theory’s objectives are to explain and predict a phenomenon. Most ideas are not convincing without solid evidence or proof. The human sciences and natural sciences have different ways of showing the validity of a hypothesis. The natural sciences, which include subject areas such as physics, chemistry, and biology, depend on physical proof through experiments with several trials. The human sciences, which include subject areas such as sociology, economics, anthropology, and psychology, are based on human interaction, logic, and the collection of data.
Information about both areas of knowledge can be gained through sense perception, reason, and emotion. An idea in the natural sciences must be pragmatic in order to confirm its authenticity. For example I have done several experiments in my chemistry class this year. The experiments always start off with hypotheses that can be tested. It is vital to test the experiment multiple times in order to decrease the chances of making errors. Numerous trials also increase the chances of the experiment producing the expected results. During an experiment, sense perception is used to collect data. Changes that can be seen, heard, smelled, or felt support the hypothesis and make it even more convincing. Observations through sense perception are clearly one of the most important factors in determining whether or not an experiment is valid.
As for the human sciences, theories cannot always be tested. Sometimes logic and inferences must be used in order to come to a conclusion. Reason and emotion play a significant role in how persuasive a theory is. The theory of evolution has been controversial and brought up numerous different viewpoints. It states that species change over time and all organisms have the same common ancestors. Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection states that most populations produce more offspring than the environment can support. It also claims that some traits passed from parents to offspring are heritable and other traits are influenced by the environment. “Hence, if any member of a species differs in some way that makes it better fitted to survive, then it will have an advantage that its offspring would be likely to perpetuate” (Encyclopedia Britannica). Some people reasoned that this theory was logical and made a lot of sense. Others were outraged and in shock, especially those who were religious, because it went against the beliefs of their society. Their emotions may have caused them to purposely avoid or ignore any evidence that Darwin presented.
Philosopher Charles Peirce said, “Truth is that to which a community ultimately settles down.” His statement was undoubtedly demonstrated when it was thought that the earth was flat. Although there was no clear evidence, this theory was easily convincing because most...

Find Another Essay On What is it about theories in the human sciences and natural sciences that makes them convincing?

This paper is about the debates between the natural sciences and the social sciences. It covers the theories of naturalism and antinaturalism.

1584 words - 6 pages reliable methods of the natural sciences in order to create a sense of relevance for social sciences. The natural sciences have for many years applied different methods in order to explain different events in the world. It is not a surprise that the social sciences would look to the natural sciences as a mentor in pursuing the study of human phenomenon. Naturalists are looking to be able to make generalizable theories and "systematize" human

Disagreement in Natural and Human sciences

1473 words - 6 pages In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and human sciences?I think that disagreement is the key to a deeper understanding in all endeavours. If we only surround ourselves with those who agree with us then we will never stretch our minds nor test our limitations. There are dissimilarities between disagreement and hostility as they don't necessarily connect with each other because hostility deals with emotions

Compare and Contrast the natural and social sciences in their philosophy and approach to research

1072 words - 5 pages , ideas and meanings constructed by the human being in a social contextual, reality. (Alan Bryman , 2008). The debate of the applicability of the natural sciences, philosophy and approach, to research by the social sciences has its roots in a traditional dispute by the positivist school of thought in contrast to the interpretivist one, that emerged as an alternative and as an opposing standing by various social researchers. It is pertinent to

Natural Sciences with Ethical Considerations

1743 words - 7 pages , they eventually will spread. These ideas can vary from one educational field to another, not restricting itself to one particular field like the natural sciences. All knowledge obtained from the arts then raises more questions, which in return makes it harder to solve and thus people will dig into more unethical ideas. The questions that I am dealing with is; do we people start being aware of what we all do and consciously change our habits because

Ethical Judgements Limit the Methods Available in the Production of Knowledge in Both the Arts and the Natural Sciences. Discuss.

1850 words - 7 pages We make decisions all the time whether it would be in the arts or in the natural sciences. Natural science is an area of knowledge that seeks for patterns. Meanwhile the arts is a discipline in which we express both ethical and unethical ideas that are more subjective. Both areas of knowledge are affected by the ethical judgements that people make in the production and of knowledge. Ethical judgements are related to human moral values and they

Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss

1744 words - 7 pages Knowledge Claim: Ethical judgments can impinge the way we both create the arts and the natural sciences. Knowledge Issue: To what extent do ethical considerations constrain the way the arts and natural sciences are created? Ethical consideration involves reasoning about the possible actions in the situation and judging which action is most ethical. A person making an ethical judgment uses reason to decide what is the best solution or decision

Ethical judgements limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both arts and the natural sciences. Discuss.

1560 words - 6 pages classmates to disregard any profanity and see the song for what it truly is. Similarly, people should have looked past the title "The Book of Negroes" and read the book to see it for it's value.Ethical judgments are as prevalent in the arts as they are in the natural sciences. From stem cell research to animal testing, there are a plethora of examples for natural sciences. The arts are as much about entertainment as they are gaining knowledge, or maybe

Through different methods of justification, we can reach conclusions in ethics that are as well supported as those provided in the natural sciences. To what extent do you agree?

932 words - 4 pages result. He does not expect that his advanced ideas will be readily taken up. His work is like that of a planter- for the future. His duty is to lay the foundation for those to come, and point the way. He lives and labours and hopes'. The natural sciences are composed of observation, experimentation and reasoning which helps us to understand new theories and discoveries, so we can further develop it in detail. Van de Lagemaat (2005) states "The

National Academy of Sciences: Human Cloning

954 words - 4 pages : "Therapeutic cloning is essentially the same as reproductive cloning, but without the final step of implantation in a woman's uterus." Human nuclear cell transfer cloning is accomplished by extracting the nucleus of an ovum and replacing it with the DNA from a somatic cell of the human being to be cloned. The genetically modified egg is then stimulated to begin embryonic growth and development. At that point--let's call it the point of "inception

Analysis of Rosenberg's "Lessons from Biology for Philosophy of the Human Sciences"

954 words - 4 pages “kinds” are a result of adaptive variation and natural selection; where improbability makes laws regarding “functional kinds” improbable. Rosenberg suggests that description and classification within biology and human sciences has the potential for creating laws. Moreover, the only law in human sciences is also the one and only law that biological “truths” are based upon: the Darwinian law of natural selection (7

Inequality- The Natural State of Human Beings Think Essay using quotes, explaining them, and responding to them; dealing with controversial issues.

649 words - 3 pages that no one owned the land and that everyone communally shared it. Europeans traveled to America in search of a new place to settle in order to form a society based on their beliefs as opposed to those of England. Europeans imposed their way of living on the Natives, although its ironic that they created the United States to promote freedom. Europeans tricked the Natives into selling them the land by selling them religion. The Europeans never had

Similar Essays

What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1264 words - 5 pages language used. For the human sciences it is evident that theories and models depend on main generalizations and patterns observed by scientists. These theories are more involved with emotion, perspective and evidently rational thinking, which combined makes people understand what the theory is trying to impose. We, as knower’s, tend to question the validity of a theory and to understand both its positive and negative aspects. This is the way in which

What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1039 words - 4 pages specific elements that make it up, and appeal to different categories of individuals, thus making this fact believable and convincing for certain people, and not for others. So basically, just like the distinctions between truth and false; what may be convincing for me, may not necessarily be convincing for others. When taking in consideration the knowledge issue that theories in the human sciences and natural sciences have something that makes them

Tok Essay: What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1507 words - 6 pages theories in Human Sciences and Natural Sciences that make them Convincing? To begin this research, there are definitions of some key terms in the title that I will explain. The principal that introduces something to be a theory in sciences is that it must be an idea/claim that is descriptive, predictable and explanatory in nature. This is built around ideas that are supported by evidence, which corresponds to logic with the current knowledge

What Is It About Theories In Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Make Them Convincing?

1253 words - 5 pages person might ask, what is it about the human sciences and natural sciences that makes them convincing? How do people assume something to be true although they have not seen, measured, or tested the very idea themselves? How do the sciences use theories in order to convince populations everywhere? In order to begin, I will discuss key words featured in the title. The word ‘theory’ is especially important since it can denote different meanings in