What Can We Learn From The Homes Of Wealthy Pompeiians Classical Civilisation Essay

798 words - 4 pages

We can learn a lot about the lives of the wealthy inhabitants of Pompeii from their homes. Historians have determined that wealthy Pompeiian would have enjoyed lavish lifestyles and given great importance to entertainment, taken all steps to ensure that they appeared to be as educated and as cultured as possible and would have lived lives isolated from the poorer members of society. The homes of these wealthy individuals are also pivotal in distinguishing the differences between old and new money.
The lavish lifestyles of the wealthy citizens are shown in the layout of their homes. For example, in the house of the Faun, they had four triclinia (dining rooms), one for each season. This shows their extravagance and implies that they would have enjoyed very lavish lifestyles. Similarly, in the house of the Vettii, the lack of a tablinum and shops suggests that they were very wealthy and could enjoy lavish lifestyles whilst omitting the normal income that would have normally have come from shops. Their homes also show that entertainment was an important part of their lives. In the house of the Vettii, the numerous lavishly decorated entertainment room show that a lot of time was spent in the entertainment rooms and the Vettii brothers were popular members of society. Additionally, the presence of both the Cupid frieze and the Punishment of Ixion fresco in the entertainment room suggest the importance of the entertainment rooms, since both frescos were tactically designed to elevate the brothers’ cultural standing and hence would have been placed in room which were in constant use.
From the homes of the wealthy inhabitants of Pompeii, it is clear they took great efforts to seem both wealthy and cultured. In the house of the Vettii for instance, there are a number of paintings of obscure myths. For instance, the punishment of Ixion, which shows Ixion being punished for raping Juno, which was a relatively unknown myth. This would have shown that the Vettii brothers, were very well educated, despite having originally been slaves. The Priapus fresco and its impressive position in the home shows the prosperity of the owners. Similarly, in the house of the Faun, the mosaics from different cultures around the world, show the owners cultural awareness as well as the wealth, since mosaics were an expensive art form. The Alexander the great...

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