What Causes OCD
Researchers still are unsure on what causes OCD but their research suggests different brain chemistry and genetics could possibly play a role with those you have this disorder (International OCD Foundation, 2012). The brain chemical serotonin, which is otherwise known as the chemical messenger for the brain, may play a part in the lack of communication between the frontal cortex and the rest of the brain in those affected with OCD (International OCD Foundation, 2012). Research has found that serotonin medications and CBT (cognitive behavior therapy) has helped normalize the circuits in the brain that is involved with OCD in some people (International OCD Foundation, 2012). Even though someone’s genes seem to have some responsibility for the formation of this disorder, research has shown that it tends to run in families as well (International OCD Foundation, 2012). There also seems to be other factors that could be involved in activating these genes in someone, but there still hasn’t been any studies showing exactly what triggers they could be (International OCD Foundation, 2012). Some researchers have found that OCD that develops from genes in childhood, 45-65%, could very well be different compared to when it develops in adulthood, 27-47% (International OCD Foundation, 2012). Other possible causes are believed to be that there are not enough neurotransmitters, serotonin, in one’s brain and that family history, stressful life events, and infection may also play a role in the development of OCD (CHEO, 2012). Random and strange thoughts come and go every day for everyone but someone with OCD these thoughts tend to linger (Beyond OCD, 2014). One researcher explains this as the brain's "junk mail" which would be normally filtered out and only keep only the "wanted mail", but with someone with OCD the junk filter tends to stop working and lingers around the brain and doesn't leave (Beyond OCD, 2014).
What Doesn’t Cause OCD
OCD is not caused by any environmental factors, such as poor parenting skills or something happening during the prenatal period, it is more considered a brain condition like epilepsy or multiple sclerosis (Cheng & van den Heuvel, 2006).
Understanding OCD Obsessions and Compulsions
Since obsessions are an involuntary thought, image, or impulse they cannot be stopped and they are completely unwanted (Robinson, Smith, & Segal, 2014). Compulsions are basically rituals tend to be drives that seemed to be acted out over and over again, which are usually performed in hoping that the obsessions will disappear (Robinson, Smith, & Segal, 2014).The obsessions part of this particular disorder tend to give many distressing thoughts and/or images in one’s head over and over again until the compulsive part drives them to do whatever it takes to relieve some of the anxiety and stress caused by the obsessions (Cheng & van den Heuvel, 2006). Young children who have OCD may not have the ability to demonstrate or talk...