According to Peter Barnes, "Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases globally and currently affects approximately 300 million people worldwide." Asthma is a disease that affects the respiratory system. It disturbs breathing tubes attached to the lungs; its function is to transmit air to and out of the lungs. It is really common that it is now considered as a severe public health problem (S. Hasan Arshad, K. Sureesh Babu, 2008). An asthma attack can cause coughing and wheezing. The patient's chest possibly will feel tight, and will most likely feel short of breath. The airways tighten and become narrower when something triggers an asthma attack, and the lining of the airways swells. Sticky mucus can build up making the airways even narrower. This makes it really difficult to breathe (Ballard, 2011). Things like allergens, cold air, exercises, emotions or medications can trigger asthma.
...view middle of the document...
This causes the bronchial tubes to cool and dry out. The bronchial muscles contract in response, narrowing the airways and making it difficult to breathe. (Fanta, 2007)
One of the most prevalent triggers is the common cold. For most people, catching a cold means several days of a stuffy nose and perhaps sore throat and annoying cough. On the other hand, when a person with asthma catches a cold it is a serious difficulty. The viruses that cause common cold attack the layer lining the airway. Consequently, the airways become inflamed. Simultaneously, the irritated cells reduce dense mucus that is hard to clear from the lungs. The whole process that happens is similar to the reaction to allergen exposure that occurs in the lung of a person with allergic asthma. This attack could last for weeks longer than it would affect an average person. (Smith, 2009)
Certain medicines can also trigger asthma. Everyone that has asthma should avoid the group of medicines called beta blockers. It is used to treat heart diseases, glaucoma, and high blood pressure. That will not be a problem owing to the fact that other medication options for these disorders are usually obtainable. The way that a medicine affects patients and the response that each medicine gives varies. Therefore, it is important to take medicines under the doctor's supervision. (Fanta, 2007)
Emotional states, stress and depression for example, are known to impact the level of asthma control. Numerous studies have presented that children that grow up in more stressful environment have higher frequency of asthma. It is suggested that the emotional triggers in the patients be recognized and dealt with using the appropriate medications, psychotherapy, or social work to best relieve the pressures. (McCarty & Ferguson, 2014)
"If you know what triggers your asthma, it is a good idea to try to avoid it, so that you stay well and free of asthma attacks," says Carol Ballard. In conclusion, it's important to manage your asthma by identifying your asthma trigger and then minimizing your exposure of it.