Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which a person has repeated seizures and that can be caused by birth defects, trauma or bad choices. Epilepsy affects nearly 3 million Americans of all age, gender and race. The highest rates of epilepsy is under the age two and over age 65. Males are slightly more likely to develop epilepsy. About ten percent of Americans will experience at least one seizure in their lifetime.
Epilepsy symptoms vary from person to person and there can be a various types of seizures as well. The type of symptoms and seizure depends on the cause of epilepsy and the part of brain that has been affected. Absence seizures appears absent from their body and stares off vacantly for a few seconds and then appears normal and has no memory of the incident. Generalized tonic clonic seizures usually begin with stiffening of the arms and legs followed by jerking motions of the limbs. Many individuals may fall from a standing position when the seizure occurs; bladder or bowel control may be lost and the person may bite their tongue or cheek tissue. The seizures may last up to about three minutes, after which the person may be feel weak and confused. Then we have partial seizures which result in daydream like involving unusual activities like picking at the air as if something was there, repeating words or phrases, laughing, or other activities.
Epilepsy can be caused by stroke, transient ischemic attack, dementia, traumatic brain injury, infections, brain tumor,...