This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

"What Effects Did The Great Depression Have On Australian Society?"

1263 words - 5 pages

"What effects did The Great Depression have on Australian society?" The Great Depression had dual effects on Australian people; the ones that became unemployed went through tough times, and conversely the ones that retained their jobs prospered due to the depression. The family units during The Great Depression were under tremendous strain as a result of the desperation for jobs, leaving fathers resorting to "˜going bush' to look for work, and leaving their family stranded. The charities of the time were in strife and were soon overworked as the depression grew. The government soon had to get involved by offering sustenance and some clothing. The wool/wheat exports that Australia relied upon had a decreased value on the world market, resulting in the industries failing with the drop in world commodity prices. The unfortunate also suffered psychological affects, mainly feelings of insecurity, worthlessness, hopelessness and so forth. Conversely, as the cost of everything decreased, employed people were able to buy more; as a result employed people became even more affluent. The Great Depression was also a time of a united people due to a common misfortune, resulting in shantytowns such as Happy Valley. The Great Depression therefore had dual affects; the unemployed were in strife while the employed lived the high life.Family units with unemployed "˜bread winners' faced tough times keeping united. In 1933 12% of men with families earned nothing and 17% earned well below minimum wage, thus one in four families were destitute. Many fathers walked out on the families and never returned, they joined the 30 000 men wandering roads looking for work. Children became orphaned when their parents did not come back and when rent wasn't paid, lots of children started wandering the cities doing anything they could to stay alive. Great strain was placed on the family unit during The Great Depression, as people were desperate to survive.Charities, such as the Salvation Army, were the principal form of support at the beginning of the depression for the destitute providing basic meals, clothing and shelter. Not surprisingly, they were soon overwhelmed as the unemployment level rose and the government therefore was forced to start new initiatives. Sustenance payments known commonly as the "˜susso' were the main form of relief from the government. Sustenance was not given in cash payments but in the form of basic food rations, usually potatoes and bread, and some army surplus greatcoats and tunics that had been dyed black were offered. The relief was only given to the completely destitute: 60 000 people were helped in 1932 with a peak of 413,172 food orders issued in the 4 weeks ending 11 June, 1932. Due to the form of sustenance people still couldn't pay their rent, this is explained as susso was specifically implemented only to stop people from dying. Relief work was available to people lucky enough to get it, this involving work such as re-laying...

Find Another Essay On "What Effects Did The Great Depression Have On Australian Society?"

The Great Depression: How did the Australian government attempt to solve the problems caused by the depression?

1149 words - 5 pages food scraps from leftovers thrown in the bins. Clearly the Depression had a devastating affect on Australian society.During the Depression people resorted to many different ways of coping with the problems arising from their situation. One such way was to send their children to orphanages. Parents unable to provide for their children due to lack of income and money would abandon them. The problem of homelessness was addressed by the building of

What Were the Effects of the Great Depression?

1294 words - 5 pages During the Great Depression of the 1930s, millions of families were struggling to live on incomes so meager that the threat of starvation hung over them everyday. The great depression had brought millions to unemployment and an increase in poverty. People who remained with their jobs experienced salary cuts and those without jobs lived with the help of friends, family, or just waited out the economic downturn (Freedman 10). The cause and blame

What Good Effects Have Mobile Phones Had On Society

1003 words - 4 pages out.Conclusion In society today people have very busy lives with work and social activities. We love convenience products, which in a way is what a mobile phone really is. There is no real need to own a mobile phone but it makes life easier both in and out of work. Mobile phones have had a large impact on society since the eighties. Just by walking down the street you can permanently see people tapping text messages or chatting on their mobile phones

Effects Of The Great Depression

2145 words - 9 pages Effects of the Great Depression The introduction of the discussion will focus on the origins of the Great Depression and the escalating events that led to it. This will provide adequate foundations to bring up questions and attempt to answer them in an objective fashion as to why and how the Depression affected different industrialized countries in different ways. The core of the debate will consist of detailed

To What Extent did the Great Depression Help the National Socialists Rise to Power?

1841 words - 7 pages A.) Plan of the Investigation This investigation evaluates to what extent did the German Depression help the National Socialists rise to power. To assess the extent to which the German depression led to the Nazi party gaining control of Germany, the investigation focuses on the effects the depression had on Germany and the events leading to the Nationalist Socialist party gaining control. The details regarding the origins of the National

To what extent did Pol Pot have a catastrophic effect on society?

1500 words - 6 pages regime. However the United Nations refused to give Vietnam full recognition for occupying Cambodia and the seat for Cambodia remained, by default, in the hands of the Khmer Rouge. Although the UN realized the negative effects of the Khmer Rouge they believed that recognizing Vietnam as the ruler of Cambodia was worse (Library of Congress, 2005). This political unrest brought about by Pol Pot had a catastrophic effect on society. Thousands of

The Social Effects During The Great Depression

595 words - 2 pages The social effects during the great depression.In the early 1930's there was the great depression. This was caused when the market went into recession and did not recover causing the markets to crash and people lost all of their money. The great depression effected all of the people in many ways, one of the ways was socially. Firstly: The most effected people were the working class. Secondly: The class which was effected a little was the middle

Causes and Effects of the Great Depression

3996 words - 16 pages effect, they passed the burden on to the teachers, the students, or both. No one will ever be able to calculate the cost to American civilization that resulted from inadequate education of the nation's children during the Great Depression.The colleges' problems were somewhat different. Although the budgets of almost all colleges, public and private, were not what they should have been, a greater problem was that of students who were destitute. Rare

To What Extent Did Roosevelt's New Deal Programs Aid the End of the Great Depression in the United States?

2097 words - 8 pages more directly affecting the nation’s lives. In which, there were many social programs that had lasted and left the foundation for the modern society. There was a gradual recovery of the economy, despites the many turmoils it have gone through. As Himmelberg had ended in his book, The Great Depression and the New Deal, "... [the New Deal was] prepared to deliver sustained economic growth and prosperity for the remaining decades of the millenium

How Did The Great Depression Come To Be?

770 words - 4 pages another (Doc L). Income, employment and values all fell soon after as a result to this and put on a repressive effect on the spending of the banks’ depositors and investments of their clients. Trade between other countries had also become as challenging, U.S. was unable to trade with other countries for a period of time - this could have been a factor in the evolution of The Great Depression. In 1958, a law was passed that prevented U.S. from trading

Did World War II end The Great Depression?

889 words - 4 pages The New Deal was a series of domestic programs achieved by President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1936. Roosevelt and all of the US hoped that the New Deal would cause an end of the Great Depression, which was the worst economic crisis in US history and caused the unemployment rate being in double digits from 1931 to 1940. But today, many people say that the massive spending of World War II was the reason for the longed-for end of the

Similar Essays

What Impacts Did The Potato Famine Have On Ireland's Society?

2297 words - 9 pages America and Britain. The Potato famine was the climax of social, economical and political catastrophes, caused by both Irish and British factors. The disaster that struck Ireland changed its society, and made Ireland what it is today.2.0)- 2.1) -Ireland before the FamineBefore the famine had even struck, Ireland was extremely poor, and thus caused the effects of the famine to strike even harder on Ireland's society. In the 1800's, Ireland was

Globalisation And The Effects On Australian Society

1663 words - 7 pages What effects has globalisation had on Australian society?Globalisation can many different definitions and is constantly changing, and there does not seem to be a widely accepted definition and will take on different cultural, political, social and other connotations as time goes on . It is indeed an economic phenomenon, involving the increasing interaction, or integration of national economic systems through the growth in international trade

What Effects Did The Grasshopper Plague Have On The Lives Of The People?

1579 words - 6 pages What Effects Did the Grasshopper Plague Have on the Lives of the People?Investigation Plan: IntroductionSurviving the Great Depression was a challenge. Food was scarce and jobs were even scarcer. Out in the Midwest, the effects of the Great Depression were even more devastating, since the Dust Bowl was a major aspect of the depression. The brutal dust storms brought forth tons of dust, but along with the deadly dust, thousands of grasshoppers

"Black Rage" What Effects Did The Rhetoric Of The Civil Rights Movement Have On The Movement

2646 words - 11 pages triumph over the white community. That would only result in transferring those now on the bottom to the top. But, if we can live up to nonviolence in thought and deed, there will emerge an interracial society based on freedom for all." But what if rage is not kept in check? What if violence is not held back? When asked about receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in an interview, King responded, "The Nobel award recognizes the amazing discipline of the Negro