This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Was Life Like In Australia At The Beginning Of The 20th Century?

1482 words - 6 pages

As the establishments of our fledgling federation initiated at the launch of the 20th century, the inhabitants in Australia lived and worked in a society that the government interfered little in, known as the "laissez-faire" policy. This also meant that individuals were left to look after themselves, as they had no protection from the government as we do now, for example Medicare and insurance. Life in the early years of federation was quite different in comparison to our own community now more than a hundred years later. At the time it was the era of massive changes in technology and improvements in quality of life and health but there were still many lives of the poorer members of society that were left unchanged. Luxury was certainly one of the many absent desires of the working class people.For most Australian workers, the poor conditions did not change at the turn of the century as the employers merely ignored many of the reforms that were introduced by colonial governments. Because it was usually the men who brought home the general income, unemployment was an immediate danger for the family and thus most workers refused to give evidence against their bosses for fear of being sacked.In the cities, a large percentage of people worked in factories. Despite progressively strong factory laws, the appalling conditions continued. Most factories were half-converted warehouses that were roofed with unlined galvanized iron and so consequently in summer, the temperatures inside were so hot that it reached over 45°C. The usual employee worked about 10 hours a day and sometimes had to work overtime without extra pay. If they refused to do the extra work, they were sacked.Most factory jobs did not pay more than 16 shillings a week to women. In a textile industry, women were expected to take work home despite already working up to 16 hours a day. Sometimes work was sent out to their homes as it saved the employer the cost of renting a building, of heating and light. As payment for making six dozen bibbed aprons that had taken 96 hours sewing, one woman received only 11 shillings, working for a little more than a penny an hour. Many women or girls who were unmarried were domestic servants who worked as maid, servants and cooks for rich families. Pay ranged from 10 shillings a week to 25 shillings for a cook. Women accepted these conditions because they were better than those in factories and provided enough to live on and some even "lived in." Working conditions could be slightly better for a few who worked as waitresses or shop assistants but during work hours they were not permitted to sit down, which let to exhaustion. Most girls worked until they were "trained" and then sacked and a new lot was hired. Sometimes even children had to work to help contribute to the family income.If it seemed like women had bad working conditions, they were not much better for the men. A starch worker in Victoria gave evidence that he only received 30 shillings per...

Find Another Essay On What was life like in Australia at the beginning of the 20th century?

International Relations of Australia during the 20th Century

507 words - 2 pages At the very beginning of the 20th century, Britain was considered the 'mother' country and depended on for supplies. During the early part of the century, these ties between the two countries were considered of great importance as Australia's heritage was linked to that of Britain's.On the 1st January 1901, Australia became a federation. This meant Australia would become a dominion, with its own constitution, national anthem and flag, but still

The Bomb of the 20th Century: Was it Justified?

879 words - 4 pages understand the atomic bomb from the lens of those affected. As an American writing for Americans, he can narrate a provocative book explaining events that happened to an enemy of America without being subject to xenophobia. In Hiroshima, John Hersey effectively establishes that the bomb dropped on Hiroshima was exceedingly destructive by explaining the chaos unleashed on the Japanese. He achieves this by excluding his opinions and increasing his

American Music at the Turn of the 20th Century

2090 words - 8 pages To understand whether an ‘American’ music emerged out of traditions in the turn of the 20th century, we need to focus on the term ‘American’ and what musical genres fall under that category. For one, America, in a cultural sense, is seen as one huge ‘melting pot’, an amalgamation of cultures, ethnic traditions, beliefs and styles of music. It is very difficult to label one genre under the category of American music, as a vast amount of styles

Economic Theories of the 19th and Beginning of the 20th Century

2831 words - 12 pages demand for it and the supply. What this theory states is that if price goes up, either the demand for the product goes up or the supply goes down. The reverse of this is also stated as true in this theory, if price goes down, demand goes down or supply goes up. This can also be used to gauge the demand of a product. Supply and demand is meant to hold true in a completely free market - a market that has no government influence. Adam Smith also was a

Expansionism in the 19th and early 20th century U.S. was a departure of past American Expansionism

884 words - 4 pages early 1900s was political and humanitarian. Although economic incentive was strong, many economic situations were not profitable for American home economy.Expansionism in the 19th and early 20th century U.S. was a departure of past American Expansionism. Early expansionism was essential for the economic success of America at that time. Expansion in the mid 1800s was important for America and its development of society and national identity. Later expansion during the early 1900s was derivative of political and economic nature, but often turned to military conquest and humanitarian effort.

Analyse the effect of women of Australia during the 20th century

597 words - 2 pages During the 1900's, women had a vigorous thought to break through their confined lives at home. Since then the lives of woman has had a dramatic change. From the 1950's to 1990's I will describe how a simple housewife evolves through decades to become a woman at the workforce. They have been through a lot in the society to have gained such recognition and status.Throughout the 1950's, Australia declared a principle that 'woman's place is in the

Study Notes- Australia at Turn Of the Century Before Federation

1620 words - 6 pages Australia's population at Federation.At the turn of the 20th Century, NSW, Victoria and Queensland had the largest populations.In 1861, Australia's total population was 1151947, but by 1911 it had almost quadrupled to 4455005.Birthplace of people living in Australia born overseas, 1901 Year 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 NSW 350860 502998 749825 1123954 1348776 1646734 VIC 538628 730198 861566 1139840 1199604

The Holocaust was the most significant example of violence inspired by racial hatred in the 20th century

895 words - 4 pages important human life was for the Jews, and what lengths a human would go to just to be alive.When the war ended in 1945, the Nazis in Germany alone, in just a 6-year period had murdered approximately 6 million Jews. About 4 million Jews had died in extermination centres, and other death camps, and 1.4 million people in shooting operations. More than 600,000 Jews had also died in ghettos. It is hard to imagine that only 50 years ago an entire society tolerated the brutal killings of their fellow man. This just reinforces the fact that the events in World War 2 are the most significant examples of racial hatred displayed in the 20th century.

How significant was the political influence of the Klu Klux Klan in 20th century America? - Modern History - Essay

1453 words - 6 pages How significant was the political influence of the Klu Klux Klan in 20th century America? The influence of the Ku Klux Klan on American politics has been moderately significant in shaping social attitudes as well as the political climate of 20th century American society, through the forceful diffusion of Klan ideologies. The extremist group played a relatively important role in the political repression of religious and ethnic minorities in

The Common Foreign And Security Policy Of The EU At The Beginning Of The 21st Century

964 words - 4 pages Foreign Affairs policy? Actually, from October 1970 the Member States cooperated and endeavoured to consult each other on major international policy problems. However, this was at intergovernmental level in the context of "European political cooperation". I think, the main reason for this appears to be in the very "nature" of this type of policies.According to the modern theories of international relations the three basic attributes that every state

Ambitions Of Japan In The Beginning Of The 20th Century

1648 words - 7 pages ébut du XXe siècle est considéré comme la naissance d'un nouveau Japon avec la modernisation et transformation d'un pays qu'il était isolé à un pays impérial. Bibliographie Ouvrages : - Histoire du XXe siècle, par Jean-Yves le Naour - Le Japon au XXe siècle, par Jacques Gravereau - Le Japon, par Jacques Gravereau - Chronologie du XXe siècle, par Christophe Verneuil Site-web : -, livre : The North American Review - : Japon : activités économiques

Similar Essays

The Status And Position Of European Jews At The Beginning Of The 20th Century

1586 words - 6 pages The Status and Position of European Jews at the Beginning of the 20th Century A Jew is a person belonging to the religion of the Jewish faith. At the beginning of the 20th century many Jews occupied land in Europe. The Jews had many different positions and status's depending on which country they were living in, in some places Jews were welcomed as part of the community but in other places there were always those who were

The World At The Beginning Of The 20th Century Imperialism, Capitalism And Socialism. 23/25

1816 words - 7 pages The world at the beginning of the twentieth century was characterised by tension between tradition and transformation. New ideas about social order were arising that challenged what people had previously believed in and used. Imperialism bought about major conflicts during the early part of the century, and the dominant and accepted values of capitalism were being pushed out of the way for the development of new socialist

The White Australia Policy And The Treatment Of Indigenous Australians In The Early 20th Century Demonstrate That Australia Was A Racist Society

1153 words - 5 pages population treated them as inferior beings, like they were not human.It was in the early 20th century when Australia federated. There were many reasons for federation, but one very crucial factor pushed federation through and united the country. This was the fact that federation could effectively keep out other races of people, as it did for many years. The way that all the leading politicians, political parties and newspapers had no division on

Life For Women In Australia Changed Greatly During The 20th Century. Discuss This Statement

1381 words - 6 pages family and the workplace. Victory in this conflict has inculcated self esteem and moral of a very high degree. It has also reshaped the role and importance of women in the Australian society.Life for women has been changing rapidly over the past 100 years. This variation in their lifestyles has been stimulated and is closely linked with the constantly changing roles of women in the society. In Australia, life for women was filled with hardships