What Is A University? The Rise Of Universities In Mediaeval Europe.

1016 words - 5 pages

Assignment 2a. Philosophy and History of Education

What is a University? The rise of universities in Mediaeval Europe.

In the world today we all seem to take both schools and universities for granted, I am going to take a closer look at what exactly a university is. A university is an institution of higher education and research which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects and provides both undergraduate education and post graduate education. (Wikipedia, Online). The world university finds its origins in Latin and means, ‘universitas magistrorum et scholarium’ this was first used in the early 13th century and means a ‘community of teachers and scholars’ (Encyclopaedia Britannica 1985)
When we consider what a university is, it’s ancient title some significance ‘ stadium generale’ which means ‘school of universal learning’ (Newman, 1854, online). A university according to philosophers generally have ‘aims which provide a unity of purpose (Hirst and peters, 1970, p107) this means we go to better ourselves by gaining qualification. History shows that in 1209 scholars migrated to Cambridge from oxford, by the ear 1226 they had enough members to start their first educational establishment this offered regular courses of study taught by their own members (university of Cambridge, 2009, online). It is also to be remembered that universities were for long placed in very difficult positions they were ‘scholae publicae to which all might go, fit or unfit. (Laurie studies in the history of educational opinion from the renaissance, p31)
Both philosophers and historians seem to agree that location of a university is NOT important, but authority and rules are crucial to their success. But ‘behind the idea of a rule stands the idea of their being a right and wrong way of doing things (Hirst and peters, 1970, p113)
I have found their to be many differences between medieval European universities and the universities of today, with just authority and rules one example. Professors and doctors had to swear “ Abosolute obedience to the student elected, student rector “ these could pass or change any rule within the university (Rempel, 2005, Online). This was because medieval universities mainly in Italy had no central organization, and so the student eventually took over and were able to run the universities how they wanted too. I also found differences how education was seen and what it was used for, this also shows differences in how lessons are given and the subjects taught. Firstly I am going to look at how medieval universities started. The earliest universities were formed in france and Italy, these were mainly controlled by church who believed that their sole aim was to train priests for them, some of these cathedral schools had extensive numbers of students and they eventually instigated new universities to accommodate them all. ( Gutek, 1972.) Medieval Europe’s three main universities, Bologna, Paris, Oxford, were a spontaneous growth of the...

Find Another Essay On What is a University? The rise of universities in Mediaeval Europe.

Rise of Fascism and Communism in Europe

764 words - 3 pages In the 1930s the rise of fascism and communism in Europe and the expansion of the German and Italian empire and also the expansion of Japanese empire in Asia saw the United States move from a policy of isolationism to supporting traditional allies and defending democracy. The United States became directly involved in World War 2 after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour.The rise of fascism in Europe began when Germany turned to Adolf Hitler, an

Investigating the Impact of Enrolling into Two Different Universities: A Case of PUC Students in the Faculty of Education

2420 words - 10 pages universities were established (Rany, 2012). In 1975 Khmer Rouge took over Cambodia ending the previous Khmer Republic. A new era of what is called the year of destruction began. The previous schools ranging from kindergartens to universities were all closed. Professionals from any groups including teachers were targeted of suspicion and execution. The previous system of education was formally destroyed by Khmer Rouge (IIEP, 2011). After the Khmer

This essay is about drinking and industrial work discipline. Drinking on the job was normal until the rise of industrialization in Europe, this essay explains why the change in attitude occured.

1017 words - 4 pages obstacle to industrial work and discipline. Alcohol in their eyes was conducive to absenteeism, accidents, inefficiency, and insubordination. The reasons for the changes in the workplace are discussed below.Pre-industrial Europe allowed drinking on the job. The pace of work varied according to life's other plans. Discussion, drink, and song were all part of the workday. The use of alcohol as a stimulant, and thirst quencher, and for social exchanges

Necessity of Teamwork in Universities

1697 words - 7 pages isolation. They urged that the time is now when the importance of working together must be highlighted in order to foster a communicative and a collaborative society. In fact, pinpointing an emphasis on teamwork in universities seems notably demanding on account of three main benefits teamwork can bring: enhancing communication skills, improving leadership and raising responsibility. To begin, teamwork provides opportunities for the university students

What caused the most tension in Europe?

693 words - 3 pages continents were so strict. Ambiance of Europe in the period is everyone looking for which colonies have left for them. This is equal for Germany, that admired to have colonies, but they had no colonies to go for, and everywhere to go out was blocked; Russia takes its East part, France and Spain takes its West, and Britain was dominating the ocean. So only way to go out and get some meat is to form an alliance. So Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

What is the Role of a stakeholder in a Company?

986 words - 4 pages A stakeholder is “a person, group or organization that has interest or concern in an organization.” http://www.businessdictionary.com. Stakeholders are affected by the operations of the business and if the business is successful or unsuccessful. Internal Stakeholders Internal stakeholders are stakeholders who “benefit directly from their contributions to the growth of the company.” http://www.investorwords.com The internal stakeholders in

This is a paper on the conditions during the reign of Louis lV, during the cultural renaissance in europe.

1248 words - 5 pages Describe Absolutism. Describe how absolutism expressed itself in painting, architecture, sculpture, and politics.Absolutism:Absolutism is a political assertion or theory that claims that all power is vested in either a Monarch or a small group of people. This type of ruler often feels that his or her authority is given to them by a divine decree. During the era of absolutist style of welding power, France and other places around the world were

The rising costs of tuition in New York Universities.

1275 words - 5 pages Katie Maguire Dr. RodriguezWriting for College-Critical Analysis October 9, 2002Rising Cost of TuitionThe high price of a college education is an issue of growing concern for American families. Over the past twenty years, tuition has more than doubled at both public and private schools. An affordable higher education is important for students and is a necessity to have a quality education to compete in the changing job markets. In some cases

The title of the essay is "sacrifice".This is a college application essay for the University of Miami. In the essay I talked about what sacrifice means to me.

517 words - 2 pages four hours a day in the sun. What often is not seen or at least remembered are the gradual increases in our personal physical fitness levels and soccer abilities. This led us to a winning season and eventually a state championship. For me this is a crystal clear illustration of the basic fundamental truth of human sacrifice.I find this beyond any doubt one of the greatest lessons I have learned in my years on this earth, not necessarily of because

What is the impact of oil price rise on various sectors of economy?

3044 words - 12 pages its highest level. This price rise is also expected to rise in future. The Global increase in price rise has leaded to increase in price rise in every single country and its major economic sectors are affected.Global effect of price rise scenarioThe latest projections made by World Economic Outlook which was based on recent reports presented by IMF (International Monetary Fund). Oil acts as a life blood to every nation of world. The rise in oil

“In what ways did religion and economics influence the development of medieval Europe and Japan?”

905 words - 4 pages There are many things that influence the development of a time period, the two most powerful are religion and economics. Throughout history religion and economics have been used to shape entire eras, which is the case in both medieval Europe and Japan. Though the time period between the fifth and 15th century was once referred to as the Dark Ages, we now know more about this time period and the importance of it. In this essay we will delve

Similar Essays

The Rise Of Universities In Medieval Europe

1103 words - 4 pages ://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/medieval/review4.php [Accessed: 16/1/2013] Released: November 2008 Excerpt from "Academical Dress in New Zealand", 2000, Chap 2: Mediæval Education, by Noel Cox http://www.academicapparel.com/caps/History-College-Education.html [Accessed: 19/1/2013] Starkey, M. (2009) What is a University? Explaining the Rise of Universities in Medieval Europe, an Education Studies essay, 9th March, School of Education, University of Northampton, online at: http://www.flowideas.co.uk/index.php?page=contributions&sub=Universities%20-%20Michaela%20Starkey

The Rise Of Modern Europe Essay

774 words - 3 pages " attitude and ornamental style made the artwork valuable to all members of society, something that had never really been done before. By modifying the religious themes of the High Renaissance, new works were created that became the trademark of Modern European culture.All of these legislations and contributions changed Europe for the better. After pulling out of a bitter struggle within the Roman Church, it could afford to focus more of its time on unifying the diverse territories and supporting culture rather than persecuting Jews or Muslims. The continuous change of Europe was what made it a world power, however late in developing it might have been.

Essay Question: In What Ways Does Gender Shape The Nature Of Universities In Australia. How Does It Shape Your Experience Of University Study? References Included.

1186 words - 5 pages ESSAY QUESTION:In what ways does gender shape the nature of Universities in Australia. How does it shape your experience of university study?Gender is a very influential factor in the way Australian Universities are shaped. Some of the factors contributing to an institute becoming gendered include the idea that an academic is often imagined as a male figure. Gender is also important when examining university staff: the number of men compared to

What Is The Anthropology Of Europe

2661 words - 11 pages sense of ethical responsibility.                              Who, what and where is the anthropology of Europe Introduction Europe has many hidden streaks throughout the globe. This part of the continent has played lots of roles in terms of anthropology or humanities. The anthropologists have distinguished and identified that the prehistoric or before history, peoples of Atlantic Europe have presented some community on