This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Is An Ideology? Essay

1035 words - 4 pages

What is an ideology?"…the discourse which explains to us the nature of ideology is in many cases both a political foundation of ideologies and a scientific attempt to understand them."   Rafael del Águila, Ideología y fascismo, 1982Ideology is one of the slipperier words in our political vocabulary (Wilkinson, 1992, p. 276). As a notion which first appeared in the late eighteenth-century France, the concept of ideology has undergone many transformations in the two centuries since then (Thompson, 1990, p. 2). In this essay I will attempt to answer the following question "What is an ideology?" using ideas generated by thinkers, scholars and ideologues of previous and current times. I will state my arguments as follows. First, I will begin by introducing the origins of the term ideology and how the study of ideologies emerged during the modern period. Second, I will attempt to convey conceptions of 'ideology' presented by various political thinkers and writers from earlier decades. Third, I will describe the functions and distinctions of ideologies. Finally, I will conclude the essay summarizing my ideas and present a general notion of the term 'ideology'.To start with, the Greek philosopher Plato (427-347 B.C.) who stated that "ideas exist in themselves and by themselves, forming a perfect and harmonious universe"; Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) , who submitted a significant ideology reasoning the modern state and the exercise of power, even rigorous power or Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) who underpinned an ideological foundation for the use of absolute power to preserve order and the state (Skidmore, 1989, p. 1) - these men were one of the first ideologues who generated influential ideas that centuries later developed into something called 'ideologies'. Therefore we come across an inheritor of the Enlightenment, Antoine Destutt de Tracy (1754-1836), who tried to construct a kind of study basis, taxonomy of basic categories of experience - a project that, like so many others at this time, aimed at a more rational ordering of society (Wilkinson, 1992, p. 280). He was the inventor of the term 'ideology' or, being more precise, 'idéologie' that intended to name "the science of ideas which treats ideas or perceptions, and the faculty of thinking or perceiving". However, Tracy's conception of ideology soon experienced a rather glaring alteration as the notion developed a contradictory meaning to the one he intended (Porter, 2006, p. 3).[1: (Macridis, 1992, p. 5)][2: (Butterfield, 1960)][3: (Laird, 1968)][4: Tracy, "Memoire sur la faculte de penser", p. 325 quoted in (Head, 1985, p. 32)]In the second place, the modern conception of ideology was born when a group of Enlightenment philosophers became opposing and impedimental towards Napoleons imperial ambitions, thus he labeled them as "ideologists" or "doctrinaires". He thought ideology was pretentious and potentially damaging because it remained abstracted from...

Find Another Essay On What is an ideology?

What is an Interview? Essay

4066 words - 16 pages What is an Interview? An interview is a conversation, which is held between two or more individuals where some questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information about the interviewee. When the assignment Conduct a Job Search was given to us, we were excited. This kind of project was not only to help graduating students, like ourselves but anyone who is entering the workforce. An interview can be one of the best experiences. The

What Is An Environmentalist? Essay

578 words - 2 pages What does it means to be an environmentalist. To be an environmentalist means an individual advocates the preservation of natural resources and helps insure the natural beauty of the land. Unfortunately, too many West Virginia officials take the state’s natural resources for granted and are leading its people to believe there is an endless source of cheap energy in mountain top removal mining. As a West Virginia native this writer knows all

What is an Auteur?

1431 words - 6 pages What is an auteur? Answer this question with detailed reference to one film director: Alfred Hitchcock Studies of the Auteur Theory in film have often looked toward Alfred Hitchcock as an ideal auteur: an artist with a signature style who leaves his own mark on every work he creates. According to the theory, it does not matter whether or not the director writes his own films, because the film will reflect the vision and the mind of the

What Is an Eating Disorder?

1048 words - 5 pages What is an eating disorder?  Well, one of the many definitions for an eating disorder is an unnatural pattern of behaviors and thoughts. All eating disorders have similar characteristics. This could be a fear of becoming fat, food, weight, or calories. Families that suffer with other family members or friends with an eating disorder also have an increased chance of depression, obesity, substance abuse, or consuming too much food

What Is An Archetypal Hero

1124 words - 5 pages What is an archetypal hero? There are many steps and stages you would have to go through to succeed as a hero. A hero to me is a person who is brave enough to never give up on something or someone feeling a need to do good for another. A hero could also be a parent, friend, or anyone who you feel that has taken time out of their lives to help you in any special way that positively made a great impact on you or your life. It isn't about the

What Is An Efficient Market?

898 words - 4 pages Question 3: The information efficiency of stock markets is one of widely debated subject matter in the financial management theory and it has been a subject of many scientific studies for the past few decades. There is combination of popularity, controversy and criticism can indicate that an idea of interaction between information and stock market prices is multiple-valued. What does an efficient market mean? On an absolutely efficient

What is an Insider Threat?

1692 words - 7 pages What is an insider threat? Insider threat has been defined as a malicious hacker who is an employee of office of a business, institution or agency. There can also be outsider threats by a person who poses as an officer or employee by gaining access to false credentials. An insider threat can also go by the term of a cracker or a black hat. Insider threats have damaged the United States for a long time. Today the threat is much easier to pull

What is an OB/GYN?

3457 words - 14 pages The medical field has a very diverse group of careers that all go toward helping people live healthier, better, and longer lives. Women, specifically, need the service of one important person in the medical field, and that person would be a doctor known as an obstetrician/gynecologist or OBGYN. An obstetrician is a physician who has profitably finished specialized education and training in the handling of labor, pregnancy

Ideology

1098 words - 4 pages French philosopher Destutt de Tracy originally coined the term "ideology" at the end of the 18th century to create a science that would provide a rational foundation for the study and critique of ideas. Instead, the term has become an extremely challenged and changeable concept. The term "ideology" is used to refer to a system of mutually dependent ideas, principles, traditions, gatherings, and even folklore that functions as a routine

What an electro magnet is and how it works

1015 words - 4 pages Do you ever wonder what an electro magnet is or how it works? Well it is fairly simple being the genius that you are. An electro magnet is simple to create and is even more fun to play with. The definition of an electro magnet is a temporary magnet that creates a small electrical field when electricity flows through it. I made mine using some copper wire, a 9v, and a nail. The nail is the core but you can use any core you choose to. Now heres

In what way is Dr. Faustus an Anti-Catholic Play?

1310 words - 5 pages physical one (as Mephistophilis puts it to Faustus). We can get an idea of the attitudes of the people in Faustus' time by looking at how Marlowe represents Faustus. We can guess that Marlowe has a negative view of what Faustus did because he compares him to 'Icarus' from Greek mythology when he says;"His waxen wings did mount above his reach, and melting heavens conspired his overthrow. For falling to a devilish exercise"By saying this, Marlowe is

Similar Essays

What Is Your Personal Political Ideology?

727 words - 3 pages Why is our own personal political ideology important? I believe that it is very important to know what we believe and why we believe it. For when it comes time to vote we can match what politicians says to our own beliefs, and it will help us be informed voters. There are four main political ideologies in the United States of America. Most people in the United States can identify with one of these belief systems. They are effective at

What Is An American? Essay

1421 words - 6 pages compliments on the fact that the United States feels that they are the police of the world, always trying to in everyone else's business. The m media also portrays American people as having an easy life. They think that just because a person lives in the United States they have no problems, which is not always true. A perfect example of how one event can change a nation, is the day when America was under attack. American ideology, and what

What Is An American Essay

1088 words - 5 pages qualify, and the ability to marry and have a family. An American is not only someone who has U.S. citizenship, an American is someone who respects and honors these rights and freedoms. An American is someone who fights to protect their freedom and ideas of freedom. Freedom is what makes an American who they are. In order to understand why freedom means so much to those in America and to those who want to become an American we must look at a few of

What Is An Expert? Essay

1565 words - 6 pages everyone else in the world, or world class. What is the nature of this dimension? What are the categories within which this level of expertise motif applies? Becoming an expert in any domain requires experience and effort. Don Norman introduced the notion that an someone requires 10,000 hours of experience and practice for reasonably complex domains to have the possibility of being an expert. Most people seem to agree with that assessment. In order