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What Is It About Theories In Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Make Them Convincing?

1253 words - 5 pages

When looking at the human sciences and natural sciences, one may question the validity of a claim or choose to support it without any evidentiary support. For many years, science has been accepted by many as the dominant cognitive paradigm, or model of knowledge. In fact, there are also people who believe that science is the only pathway for gaining knowledge, and if something isn’t provable through science, then it should not be accepted. A person might ask, what is it about the human sciences and natural sciences that makes them convincing? How do people assume something to be true although they have not seen, measured, or tested the very idea themselves? How do the sciences use theories in order to convince populations everywhere?
In order to begin, I will discuss key words featured in the title. The word ‘theory’ is especially important since it can denote different meanings in the natural sciences and the human sciences, while encompassing other areas of knowledge as well. Some well- known theories may be the Pythagorean Theorem and the Big Bang Theory. These two are in the areas of Mathematics and Science, respectively, and are great examples that show the complexity of the word ‘theory.’ The Pythagorean Theorem discusses a method for finding an unknown length of a side in right-triangles, where as the Big Bang Theory describes the concept of evolution: how the world may have begun. The breadth of ‘theory’ is vast, ranging in meaning throughout the many different areas of knowledge. However, in the most basic of sciences, a theory can be described as one’s idea or prediction that can explain or describe a certain phenomenon, usually through observation. A theory in science can be tested through one’s hypothesis about this idea, done through an experiment to obtain data. This data may support or deny one’s hypothesis.
The process stated above can be described as the scientific method. The scientific method in the natural sciences is a widely used technique by scientists in order to come to a conclusion about their previously thought of ‘theories.’ The scientific method depends largely on two important ways of knowing: reasoning and perception. This largely depends on reason to explain phenomenon that occurs because of science, for example, Newton’s first law of motion. This law says that an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion unless interrupted by an unbalanced force. When I first learned Newton’s laws, no one disbelieved in this claim. Through reason, a person can support their knowledge about a theory in science. This can be compared to the statements that say an object in free fall will always travel at a speed of 9.8 meters per second squared or distance can be found by multiplying rate by time. As a population, we ourselves haven’t tested these accepted theories and in a sense, a theory may never be proven as completely correct. A common factor that may make theories convincing would be...

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