This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Factors Are Involved In The Increasing Prevalence Of Type Ii Diabetes In Adolescents Living In Sub Saharan Africa?

1706 words - 7 pages

AIMS
- To explore the increasing prevalence of type II diabetes mellitus in the sub-Saharan region of Africa.
- Identify the risk factors for having the disease early in life.
OBJECTIVES
- Assessment of the extent of the problem posed by type II diabetes.
- Estimating the prevalence of type II diabetes among adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa.
- Identifying possible risk factors.
- Making evidence based conclusions and recommendations for practice or further research.

INTRODUCTION
Diabetes mellitus is a deadly disease in many parts of the world. It is a disease condition that is usually characterized with an elevated blood glucose level. Researchers over the years have worked to determine the metabolic pathways of the disease. It is majorly classified as type I (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) and type II (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus). Type II diabetes accounts for approximately 90% of all types of diabetes (Pal et al, 2013). Type 2 diabetes is usually considered as a disease of the old; because it usually occurs in individuals above 40 years of age. However, research has shown an increasing prevalence in the young worldwide. As a result of this, it is important to evaluate the number of young people in Sub-Saharan Africa who are living with type II diabetes. In addition to this, several factors that predispose these individuals to development of type II diabetes early in life. Type II diabetes has numerous significant effects that can affect the quality of life of an individual which could successively affect the economy of a nation.
PRELIMINARY LITERATURE REVIEW
The prevalence of type II diabetes is rising and was estimated globally to be 285 million by 2010. Type II diabetes is managed by prescription of drugs to individuals who have a very high level of blood glucose. Exercise, diet and lifestyle change are effective ways of managing type 2 diabetes. Wild et al (2004) estimated that the worldwide prevalence of type 2 is expected to reach 366 million by 2030. The prevalence in the world at large varies according to age, sex, ethnicity and region.
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Systematically carrying out a literature review involves step by step processes (Machi and McEvoy, 2009) of how the selection and appraisal of important articles was done. This should be transparent, reproducible and rigorous. Literature reviews are important in research because it is progressive to build a new research concept on existing body of knowledge.
RESEARCH METHODS
At the beginning, the keywords of the research question were identified with related words. This is done to create a broad and thoughtful review of the existing body of knowledge and to enable you identify the research gaps which subsequently inform and help to shape your research question. Subsequently, a search of databases was done followed by use of necessary criteria to sieve out the literature that is not needed and this will be followed by analysis of selected texts.
DATA COLLECTION...

Find Another Essay On What Factors Are Involved in the Increasing Prevalence of Type II Diabetes in Adolescents living in Sub-Saharan Africa?

Childhood Mortality Rates in Sub-Saharan Africa

1515 words - 6 pages Since World War II, Sub-Saharan Africa has seen notable improvements in child survival; however, childhood mortality conditions continue to lag behind. Ghana is said to be “an island of peace and stability” in the volatile landscape of Sub-Saharan West Africa; a success story of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (Atakpu, 2004). Its success has put Ghana as the leader in human development among the countries in that region. Although

South African and the International Politics in sub-Saharan Africa

2172 words - 9 pages have occurred and are ongoing in South Africa. The 27th of April, 2014, was the 20th anniversary of multiracial elections, which had to overcome 300 years of colonial and white majority rule (Johannesburg, 2014). The road to such changes is long and historic as the impact on the sub-Saharan regions occurred through the use of the Atlantic slave trade that lasted from the 15th century through the 19th century. This brought about self-financing

Hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Astonishing Truth Behind Starvation

1836 words - 7 pages and importance of this essay allows me to move on to trying to answer my main question. In order to achieve this goal I need to do some research. I want to center my research on finding out what hunger is, and if there is enough food in the world to feed all humanity, then I want to know what the real causes of the hunger are and who suffers from hunger in the world, along with some information about sub- Saharan Africa. Finally, I want

South African and the International Politics in sub-Saharan Africa

1393 words - 6 pages foreign investment or not locally friendly (Johannesburg, 2014). The economy needs reform but most of all the countries have bad economies or are built on debt an increasing taxation. In the years of the transformation of sub-Sahara Africa there is a brighter future ahead as the global enterprise of superpowers are in need of newer investments. There is also a global unify mission to keep technology moving and those small minute countries will one

The Necessary Mitigated Evil: Humanitarian Aid in Sub-Saharan Africa

1887 words - 8 pages Due in part to its tumultuous past, sub-Saharan Africa is a region of the world that is stricken with war, famine, and poverty. Many people in richer parts of the world, including North America and Europe, view helping the people who inhabit this part of the world as their duty and obligation. Both non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and governmental organizations such as the United Nations (UN) alike send humanitarian aid to sub-Saharan

Using Communication Theory in AIDS Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa

3728 words - 15 pages essay aims to answer the question which role communication processes have in the development of new prevention strategies against the transmission of AIDS that are suitable to reach the poor population of rural Sub-Saharan Africa. This topic is being approached using concepts of communication theory. I chose this topic because of the significance of communication in its approach. Therefore, it connects to the contents of the book and lectures

AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa: Possible Solutions and Causes

2257 words - 9 pages infected with HIV. While the children who did not take AZT, one out of every four was infected (U.S. Department). AZT does not stop the mother-to-child transmission completely, but it does reduce the number of infected children. Antiviral drugs, such as AZT, would greatly assist Sub-Saharan Africa if these types of pharmaceuticals cost less to accommodate this region's poor economy.People living in Sub-Saharan Africa are limited to approximately

Regional development in sub-Saharan Africa - Lupane State University - Assignment

3709 words - 15 pages economic bottlenecks, eight of these communities are the building blocks of what will eventually become the African Economic Community. African integration has not always been the smoothest overlapping membership which brings with it still different rules and standard that makes it difficult for many countries to meet obligations and coordination across the various RECs can be challenging. Regional integration in sub –Saharan Africa is crucial for

The contrasting growth and development experience of China and sub-Saharan Africa since 1980 - Business in Emerging Markets - Essay

3184 words - 13 pages the most powerful countries in the world and Africa can become a continent for the future with the improvement of institutions. Thus, from the perspective of institutional theory, I will explain the contrasting growth and development experience of China and sub-Saharan Africa since 1980. The role of institutions in emerging markets In an economic meaning, institutions are used to decrease the uncertainty about human relationships. Indeed, they are

Western Sub-Saharan Africa

986 words - 4 pages The religion of Islam was introduced to many regions in the time period of 600 CE. Eventually the religion of Islam came to Western sub- Saharan Africa effecting the region greatly. Between 600 and 1450 C.E. ,Western sub-Saharan Africa changed from being a small regional kingdom having relatively local trade with Northern Africa to becoming an expanding empire with extensive trade because of access to Islamic trade routes as a result the

Developing Sub Saharan Africa

1507 words - 7 pages Some of the world’s poorest countries, with some of the highest child labor and illiteracy rates lie in Sub Saharan Africa. People generally associate the region only with poor economic conditions and all of the social disorder that goes along with 3rd World Status. While some of this reputation is deserved, many people are also failing to see the vast potential for this part of the world. There are several factors that African governments

Similar Essays

Young People And Type Ii Diabetes In Sub Saharan Africa

998 words - 4 pages qualitative critical appraisal tool (Appendices 1 and 2) will be the first step in assessing the quality of chosen studies (Greenhalgh 2010). This will be followed by making use of more specific critical appraisal tools depending on whether the study is a survey, a cohort, or a randomised control trial. The following questions should be considered as the essentials of appraising an article: What are the results? Are they significant? Are the results

Prevalence Of Hiv In Sub Saharan Africa

1076 words - 4 pages prevent disease. Once are kicked out the home the only lucrative job available for women is prostitution. Inevitably to disease is passed to them and they pass it to the next man who’s on his way home to his wife. Of the 22.4 million infected in Sub-Saharan Africa ,12 million of them are women. The voice of an African female is not heard. Women in America do not have high a probability of infection like African women do because they have

Aids In Sub Saharan Africa Essay

1648 words - 7 pages the 22.3 million (55%) of the HIV-positive adults in sub-Saharan Africa are female (CIA). The African HIV gender difference is particularly uneven at the younger ages.In many sub-Saharan African countries, the incidence of HIV infection among girls in their late teens is six to eight times that of the males at that age (CIA). A number of social and cultural factors are responsible for this difference, including the high rates of rape in many

Malaria In Sub Saharan Africa Essay

1132 words - 5 pages how it has greatly affected millions of people. This paper will explain the impacts of Malaria and discuss, compare, and contrast the malaria research conducted by various researchers and reflect on the issue. Many factors contribute to the high mortality from malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. One factor is the high transmission rates. The weather conditions in Africa greatly contribute to year round transmission. The Plasmodium parasite is