What Factors Led To The Cold War?

846 words - 3 pages

The cause of the Cold War is debatable. The Cold War was inevitable due to the differences in Capitalist and Communist ideologies. However, one is not able to fully point out who was responsible for the Cold War. There are so many factors that could have contributed to the Cold War. Many of the historians perspectives about the causes of the Cold War varies to a certain extent. The Orthodox view generally holds that the Soviet Union was responsible for the Cold War. It states that the Soviets were inevitably expansionist , due to their suspicion of the West. Thus, Stalin violated the Yalta and Potsdam agreements, occupied and imposed Soviet control in Eastern Europe and decides to ¨plot¨ the spread of Communism throughout the world with Moscow as its centre. The Revisionist view had an alternative perspective about the Cold War. They held the USA responsible for the Cold War. The Revisionists sees the motives behind U.S. foreign policy as inherently linked to the needs of Capitalism. When looking at different historian's point of views, one can see how the Cold War was seen as the only need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink in their differences. However, many of the tensions that existed in the Cold War can be attributed to Stalin's policy of Soviet expansion. Stalin's foreign policies could have contributed to the increased tension between countries in the Cold War. The aim of his policies was to take advantage of the military situation in Post-War Europe to strengthen Russia's influence. Stalin was significantly effective in his goal to gain territory with victories in Poland and other countries. Stalin's success was seen as the beginning of creating Russian aggressions. The Western view seen Stalin as either continuing the expansionist policies or communism around the world. Stalin was trying to gain power through these two aspects, but Stalin is seen as wanting ¨unchallenged personal power¨ and a rebuilt of Russia strong enough to withstand capitalist encirclement. However, Stalin should not be held fully responsible the outbreak of the Cold War. When trying to figure out the factors that lead to the cause of the Cold War, it is best to look at other factors as well. It is best to look at both the Soviet Union and the USSR's policies and plan. For example, the United States held true to their idea of Capitalism while also being cautious of Soviet Communism. When Europe was in desperate need to rebuild after World War II, The United...

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