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What Is Bipolar Disorder Essay

1593 words - 7 pages

Many people have heard about bipolar. Most people only know that bipolar people are different because they have such weird emotional fluctuations, or mood swings. But how much is known about bipolar in the eye of the public people. Most people would be surprised. “Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks”, (NIMH).
There are three types of Bipolar. There is Bipolar Type I, Bipolar Type II and BD-NOS or Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. However, mood disorders can fall under either Unipolar or Bipolar. Some examples of unipolar ...view middle of the document...

“Exaggerated euphoria is where a person gets a feeling of a strong sense of pride in themselves and in some cases it can even be delusional, and they think are godly”, (UMM). Manic attacks are common among bipolar people. When a manic attack occurs, it is usually at random. All of the sudden they can get very angry and very irrational. They tend to have a very increased rate of thoughts during a manic episode and they jump from idea to idea and usually think of worst case scenario (NIMH). Another symptom that is probably the most common amongst people with Bipolar is depression. Sometimes the randomly occurring episodes of depression can last as little as a day or two or as long as years (studies show that depressive episodes tend to last longer in people with Type I versus people with Type II) (NIMH). The most recognized symptom amongst Bipolar is mood swings. They happen often in people diagnosed with the brain disorder, and they range from all feelings such as anger, happiness, sadness, anguish, jealousy, and pretty much every emotion known.
Comorbidities is a medical term for accompanying psychiatric disorders. Many patients with bipolar have such comorbidities such as depression, anxiety disorders, ADHD, and substance abuse are just some of the things that have been found to be accompanied with a patient and their original diagnosis of Bipolar (UMM).
Substance abuse is the most dangerous of these comorbidities. Many patients with Bipolar abuse alcohol and drugs. Although most patients who do so see it “as a form of self-medication, it often only worsens the symptoms and triggers bipolar episodes”, (UMM). “Cigarettes are also very popular amongst bipolar patients due to the effect the nicotine has on the brain”, (UMM).

Depression is the most common comorbidity that can be seen in Bipolar. Depression is seen in people with Bipolar, but it is not as vague as just depression. Many depressive symptoms are seen, such as pessimism, anhedonia, hopelessness and helplessness, being the most common symptom amongst Bipolar, anxiety, and appetite disorders such as anorexia (UMM). “Anhedonia is a lost of interest or pleasure in almost everything and anything”, (Demetriades). Pessimism is looking at the glass as half empty instead of half full. Pessimism is the negative outlook on past, present and future, and the sufferer often feels like he/she is to blame for everything, even to a delusional proportion”, (Demetriades).
Anxiety is also a big comorbidity and is common amongst the bipolar community. “Symptoms of anxiety include fear, worry, apprehension, and general nervousness. It is found especially in children and adolescents”, ( Demetriades).
Many patients with bipolar are medicated. Many medicines are used to treat bipolar such as anti-depressants and mood stabilizers. “Anti-depressant drugs are generally used for unipolar depressions. Although the various anti-depressants react differently with other people and vary chemically from pill to...

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