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What Is Carthage? Essay

870 words - 4 pages

Have you ever heard of Hannibal’s promenade into Rome, or the Punic Wars? Both of these things have something in common; they both come from the city of Carthage. There is no Carthage today, but from kept records we can form a base in our minds.
Everything has a beginning, the earth did, the galaxy did, the universe had a beginning, and so did Carthage. The nation was created by the Phoenician queen Elissa (a.k.a. Dido) in 813 BCE. It was made in what is now present day Tunisia, North Africa. Another Phoenician city-state known as Utica was built beside Carthage. It was established for a trading stop and a port for Phoenicians to resupply their ships. That is how it all started ...view middle of the document...

Carthage was forced to give up the island of Sicily and had to pay a lot of money to Rome.
Following the First Punic War there was a lot of fighting in Carthage because they weren't paying their Mercenaries very much at all. This was called the Mercenary War. First, Carthage thought if they put all of them together then they wouldn’t care if they didn’t get paid as much. The effect of that decision came soon. They became angry because, they wanted their money the carthaginians were supposed to give them. All the mercenaries felt forsaken when they asked them if they’d accept not being paid as much for their help. That caused all the Libyans, Greeks, and Numidians (mercenaries) to team up against them. After years of struggle, Carthage barely won because they outmaneuvered the Mercenaries. This war was one of many that they barely got through.
After the Mercenary challenge the Romans seized the opportunity and attacked Carthage while it was weak which lead into the Second Punic War. The second Punic War officially started when Carthage’s general (Hannibal Barca) assaulted the city of Saguntum, which was in an alliance with Rome. Since the Roman navy restrained the sea they went by land through Spain which meant they had to go through the Alps. they took 50,000 foot soldiers, 9,000 soldiers on horseback, and 37 trained elephants of war. Hannibal won every battle against Rome, but because of lack of...

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