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What Is Fascism Essay

1125 words - 5 pages

Fascism is a radical political view primarily used after World War One and was officially instigated by Benito Mussolini in 1925 when he declared himself as dictator, fascism also inspired Hitler to create the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) which shows that Fascism is essentially an extreme political view that not only inspired the rise of Hilter and the Nazis, it also (to some degree) brought Europe back from the brink of total annihilation caused by the Great Depression and World War One. This also gave the lower to middle classes within fascist and Nazi countries hope of a better tomorrow and a new sense of pride towards their country which also lured the soldiers ...view middle of the document...

In order for fascism to be effective governments needed to use extreme measures to keep people loyal to their causes and ideologies, this was achieved by using extreme violence in conjunction with the local populace’s fears and hostility towards the western powers who were slowly being destroyed because of the Great Depression that the allies created while also using secret police to ‘silence’ those who would use the media to defame the fascists leading to mass murder and imprisonment of those who trust other forms of government or who speak out against the fascists and their leader.
Benito Mussolini established himself as a competent politician and ruthless leader when he became the Prime Minister of Italy in 1922 and governed the country democratically until he made himself dictator in 1925; therefore, with this new title, Mussolini made Italy the pioneer of Fascism within Europe. Inspiring other political figures like Adolf Hitler and Francisco Franco to choose this governmental power for their own campaigns. Fascism itself contains a mixture of far right and left ideologies aimed at bringing together the state while strongly opposing other governmental systems like democracy and communism, these qualities made fascism very appealing to many people from Europe as well as the other countries still recovering from World War One or the Great Depression. Political figures (particularly Hitler) took these opportunities to place blame on one or more social groups within the nation; however not all Fascist Regimes used racism to the extent Germany did or (like Italy) it was not used at all until later as Italy felt the pressures of conforming to this way of thought by Germany and it’s other extremely racism orientated allies.
Fascism attempted to appeal to veterans of WW1, who were unsatisfied with the conclusion and treatment of their countries after the war by promising the return to military glory or the rewards they deserve, fascist governments also needed to address to the needs of the lower and middle class and most importantly the workers due to the great depression creating inflation and economic distress among these classes; however even with these promises fascist parties were mostly still a minority within the countries politics.
Fascism is also a very opportunistic political view, with...

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